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Alarming rise in cases of depression in Vietnam

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According to a report on mental health by the Lancet Commission, mental disorders are on the rise in every country in the world and will cost the global economy $16 trillion by 2030.

Báo động bệnh trầm cảm ở Việt Nam
Illustrative image.

Economic cost

In its 2011 report on the global economic burden of noncommunicable diseases 6, the World Economic Forum (WEF) noted that the economic costs of mental illness largely come from the loss of human resources, such as reduced productivity and loss of income.

On an individual level, it has been scientifically proven that mental health helps with emotional stability and neuroplasticity. This lays the groundwork for the brain’s resilience and flexibility in the face of pressure and stress. Essentially, individuals’ mental health is the foundation for healthy functioning of families, businesses, and communities.

At the family level, caregivers and family members are often emotionally traumatized as they constantly have to deal with the instability and suicidal ideation of psychological patients. Families of people with severe mental illness often experience feelings of helplessness, frustration, loss, guilt and fatigue. They also need emotional support.

At the macroeconomic level, the impact of mental disorders on economic growth in a given group of population can be quantified by lost economic output. This number is calculated by estimating the impact of mental disorders on gross domestic product (GDP). Data on the global economic consequences of mental illness are still very inadequate. In the European region alone, the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that the economic consequences of mental health problems, mainly in the form of lost manpower, account for 3-4% of GDP in these countries every year.

New challenges for Vietnam

Difficulties in addressing the latent mental health crisis pose a new challenge for Vietnam. According to nationally published data, Vietnam has at least three million adolescents with mental disorders, only 20% of whom are diagnosed and treated appropriately. The majority look to alcohol, drugs, and stimulants as temporary solutions.

The Vietnamese government developed a National Strategy on Mental Health in 1999 with the specific goal of using 5% of the health budget from 2020 and expanding mental health resources by 2025. However, the Strategy has covered only about 30% of the country’s population, and uses a very narrow list of mental illnesses. Most patients remain untreated or misdiagnosed.

In addition, the mental health care infrastructure in Vietnam is less developed than in other Asian countries. A survey conducted by the WHO in 2014 showed that there were only 0.91 psychiatrists per 100,000 people in Vietnam. The psychiatric hospital system in Vietnam currently includes state hospitals with 36 hospitals and 6,000 beds, which are widely distributed throughout the country but only for critically ill patients.

Furthermore, most low- and middle-income workers cannot afford the charges for private counseling services such as psychotherapy. Despite great advances over the past decade, the mental health treatment system in Vietnam is still flawed because it focuses more on serious disorders; mental health awareness has not been raised publicly and is not widely available to most people.

The WHO Value of a Statistical Life (VSL) approach indicates that the global economic burden of mental disorders was estimated at US$8.5 trillion in 2010, equivalent to cardiovascular diseases and higher than cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. However, mental health care receives less recognition and funding than other physical health issues. In Vietnam, the government only funds medical expenses and meals for severely mentally ill patients at social protection centers. However, this funding is still limited.

Mental disorders are sometimes still imbued with shame in Vietnam, which hinders the development of the mental health industry, and individuals from seeking professional help. Stigma, prejudice and discrimination about mental illness stem from the misconception that these individuals are different and abnormal. The truth is that mental health problems are a universal human experience that can happen to people from all walks of life.

Ha Ngan

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/alarming-rise-in-cases-of-depression-in-vietnam-776397.html

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Ancient citadel to be renovated for $32 mln

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Ancient citadel to be renovated for $32 mln

A stonewall of the Ho Dynasty Citadel in Thanh Hoa is damaged. Photo by VnExpress/Le Hoang


Over VND745 billion ($32.7 million) will be spent to renovate the Ho Citadel in Thanh Hoa in the next four years, the provincial authorities stated.

The recently approved project to preserve, restore and renovate components of the citadel will require around VND300 billion from the north-central province’s budget. The rest will come from the central government’s budget and other sources.

The main investor of the project would be Thanh Hoa Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism. It is expected to last from 2022 to 2025.

Components chosen for restoration and renovation include a 9,000-square-meter archaeological exhibition site, a trench spanning 1,000 meters, internal traffic routes and other infrastructure.

Built in 1397 by Ho Dynasty as the capital of Dai Ngu, the country’s name from 1400 to 1407, the citadel served as a military stronghold and became a symbol of patriotism and national pride.

It is unique for its construction technique, which involved the use of large blocks of stone weighing 10-26 tons that were carefully shaped, interlocked and raised up by around 10 meters.

In 2011, the citadel was recognized by the UNESCO as a world heritage.

The north wall of the citadel has been significantly damaged due to impacts from storms and heavy rain.

In October 2018 the U.S. Ambassador Daniel Kritenbrink’s Fund for Cultural Preservation approved a $92,500 grant to conserve the south gate, the most important remaining structure in the citadel. The work was completed last year.

Source: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/ancient-citadel-to-be-renovated-for-32-mln-4375899.html

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3,373 new cases of COVID-19 reported on Saturday

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A hair salon in Hà Nội’s Trần Quang Diệu Street is quarantined after a hair stylist was confirmed to be infected with coronavirus today. People who had close contact with the patient have been quarantined. — VNA/ Photo Tuấn Đức

HÀ NỘI — The Ministry of Health announced 3,373 new cases of COVID-19 on Saturday, along with a further 77 COVID-related deaths. 

Among these new cases, 112 were imported and 3,361 were local transmissions. Of these, 1,332 were detected in the community.

The national tally now stands at 884,895, of which 880,149 are the result of the fourth wave of infections that swept the country since late April.

HCM City remained the locality with the highest number of infections of 749, a decrease of 456 cases compared to Friday’s figure. This was followed by Đồng Nai Province with 605 and Bình Dương Province with 517.

The capital city of Hà Nội recorded seven new cases.

The other cases were detected in An Giang (224), Tiền Giang (156), Bạc Liêu (130), Kiên Giang (97), Tây Ninh (90), Bình Thuận (81), Phú Thọ (75), Long An (68), Trà Vinh (58), Gia Lai (53), Cần Thơ (43), Cà Mau (40), Khánh Hòa (39), Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu (38), Thừa Thiên Huế (34), Đồng Tháp (32), Hậu Giang (25), Nghệ An (23), Bình Phước (22), Thanh Hóa (18), Vĩnh Long (15), Quảng Nam (13), Quảng Ngãi (12), Bình Định (12), Kon Tum (11), Bến Tre (10), Phú Yên (8 ), Quảng Trị (7), Ninh Thuận (7), Thái Bình (6), Hà Giang (6), Hà Nam (5), Bắc Ninh (5), Lào Cai (5), Nam Định (3), Hải Phòng (2), Bắc Giang (2), Đà Nẵng (2), Ninh Bình (2), Đắk Nông (1), Hà Tĩnh (1), Quảng Ninh (1) and Tuyên Quang (1).

The 77 COVID-related deaths were in HCM City (42), Bình Dương (12), Đồng Nai (5), Long An (3), Sóc Trăng (3), Tiền Giang (2), An Giang (2), Ninh Thuận (2), Bình Phước (1), Đắk Nông (1), Cần Thơ (1), Trà Vinh (1), Bạc Liêu (1) and Thanh Hoá (1).

According to the Ministry of Health’s report, 2,977 patients nationwide are in serious condition, with 16 on life support (ECMO).

A further 1,338 patients were given the all-clear on Saturday, taking the total number of recoveries to 804,664.

HCM City’s Steering Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control has announced a plan to vaccinate children aged between 12 and 17. About 780,000 children aged 12-17 in the city are expected to get a vaccination.

Almost 1.66 million vaccine doses were administered in Việt Nam on Saturday. The country has now inoculated 71.8 million doses of vaccine to date, with more than 20.7 million people fully vaccinated. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/1064796/3373-new-cases-of-covid-19-reported-on-saturday.html

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COVID-19 updates in Việt Nam on October 23 afternoon

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From 5pm on October 22 to 5pm on October 23, on the National System of COVID-19 Case Management, 3,373 new infections were recorded, of which 12 were imported and 3,361 were recorded domestically (down 616 cases compared to the previous day) in 47 provinces and cities (with 1,332 cases in the community).

 

– Provinces and cities recorded cases as follows: HCM City (749), Đồng Nai (605), Bình Dương (517), An Giang (224), Tiền Giang (156), Bạc Liêu (130), Kiên Giang (97), Tây Ninh (90), Bình Thuận (81), Phú Thọ (75), Long An (68), Trà Vinh (58), Gia Lai (53), Cần Thơ (43), Cà Mau (40), Khánh Hòa (39), Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu (38), Thừa Thiên Huế (34), Đồng Tháp (32), Hậu Giang (25), Nghệ An (23), Bình Phước (22), Thanh Hóa (18), Vĩnh Long (15), Quảng Nam (13), Quảng Ngãi (12), Bình Định (12), Kon Tum (11), Bến Tre (10), Phú Yên (8 ), Quảng Trị (7), Hà Nội (7), Ninh Thuận (7), Thái Bình (6), Hà Giang (6), Hà Nam (5), Bắc Ninh (5), Lào Cai (5), Nam Định (3), Hải Phòng (2), Bắc Giang (2), Đà Nẵng (2), Ninh Bình (2), Đắk Nông (1), Hà Tĩnh (1), Quảng Ninh (1), Tuyên Quang (1).

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/1064785/covid-19-updates-in-viet-nam-on-october-23-afternoon.html

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