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Are Vietnam’s locally made Covid-19 vaccines viable?

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Among the vaccines developed by Vietnamese companies, NanoCovax is considered the one that can ‘go far’, though the end point is unclear.

Are Vietnam’s locally made Covid-19 vaccines viable?

December 2021 should have been the time for Covivac vaccine to enter Phase 3 of a clinical trial. However, a member of the research team belonging to IVAC (the Institute of Vaccines and Medical Biologicals) said the plan was suspended because there were not enough unvaccinated people or uninfected people available for tests.

The research and development (R&D) project of IVAC, belonging to the Ministry of Health (MOH), was activated in May 2020 based on cooperation with universities, research institutes and international organizations.

Another solution was considered. The research team would test Covivac for the booster jab as there was no more opportunity for basic jabs. However, it would still have to wait until March 2022 or six months after the second jabs.

In the new period, the R&D team would have to test the vaccine on a much larger number of samples, which means a high cost of implementation.

However, in March, the plan continued to be delayed for an indefinite time. It’s unclear when the Covivac project will resume.

On March 24, a member of the research team said ‘suspension’ means that Covivac still has opportunities. However, this will only happen if the Government finds it necessary to have a Covivac vaccine for the future.

“When there is demand, we will go forward. If finding it unnecessary to continue to develop the vaccine, or if there are other options, we will stop,” he said. “In theory, Covivac can continue going forward.”

However, he added that the opportunity of going forward is ‘just like the possibility of Vietnam beating Germany in a football match’.

Regarding expenses on the project, in August 2021, the Government agreed on allocating VND8.8 billion to Covivac from the vaccine fund to supplement the funding for Phases 1 and 2. The total expenses to date have not been made public, but experts estimate that hundreds of billion of dong have been spent so far.

Covivac and IVAC received encouragement and high expectations from scientists and the community. However, the value alone is not enough for Covivac to return to vaccine research and development.

No 1 expectation

The development of NanoCovax began in May 2020 soon after the pandemic broke out.

The Minister of Science and Technology signed Decision No1256 on officially placing an order with Nanogen on the development of a Covid-19 vaccine on May 15, 2020.

It is the only domestic vaccine developed by a private company. It is made based on recombinant technology, i.e. using harmless antigen fragments (proteins) of nCoV to induce an immune response.

On December 9, 2020, the Biomedical Ethics Council under MOH held a final meeting to review and approve Nanogen’s human trial of Covid-19 vaccine in Vietnam.

In June 2021, Ho Nhan, Chair of the Board of Directors of Nanogen, asked the PM to grant an emergency license to NanoCovax.

He stated that Nanogen produced vaccines to provide to people, not profit, and the price of the vaccine would be stable at VND120,000/jab.

The health ministry requested NanoCovax to follow necessary procedures to get a license.

The vaccine has to go through three phases of clinical trial. Phase 1 began on December 18, 2020, Phase 2 February 26, 2021 and Phase 3 June 11, 2021.

After three phases, nearly 14,000 people, including 12,003 people in Phase 3B, have been injected with NanoCovax vaccine at different doses.

At the time when the pandemic reached its peak in HCM City, many epidemiologists hoped that the vaccine could get an emergency license.

“Covid-19 is not the only dangerous pandemic we have to face. We must not rely on vaccines provided under aid programs. We must develop vaccines ourselves to ensure vaccine security,” said a doctor.

He warned that vaccine production companies may shrink back after witnessing the NanoCovax case.

On March 18, 2022, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam requested MOH to continue to give guidance and support the enterprise to develop a vaccine.

MOH has approved nine kinds of vaccines for emergency use so far, including AstraZeneca, Sputnik V, Vero Cell, Pfizer, Moderna, Janssen, Hayat-Vax, Abdala and Covaxin. 

Phu Sy

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/are-vietnam-s-locally-made-covid-19-vaccines-viable-826124.html

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Vietnamese 12th grader dies while taking part in 200m run at school

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A twelfth grader from Binh Dinh Province, south-central Vietnam died while taking part in a 200-meter run organized by his school last weekend, authorities confirmed on Sunday.

The deceased student is L.A.T., who studied in class 12A1 at Phu Cat 3 High School in Cat Hung Commune, Phu Cat District, according to Dao Duc Tuan, director of the provincial Department of Education and Training.

T. was a member of the school’s team for students who have talent for running.

On November 27, Phu Cat 3 High School organized a 200-meter run to prepare for the upcoming province-level sports competition.

T. was running when he suddenly fainted.

The school’s medical staff gave the student first aid before taking him to the commune’s medical station.

T. was given oxygen before being transferred to Binh Dinh General Hospital for emergency treatment, but he did not make it.

The local forensic agency and procuracy requested an autopsy to determine the cause of death.

However, the family believed that T. had died from a stroke and requested that no autopsy be carried out.

T.’s body was then taken home for funeral rites.

“Through external examinations, doctors concluded that T. was not affected by external forces during the run,” Tuan elaborated, adding that he did not collide with any other student.

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A twelfth grader from Binh Dinh Province, south-central Vietnam died while taking part in a 200-meter run organized by his school last weekend, authorities confirmed on Sunday.

The deceased student is L.A.T., who studied in class 12A1 at Phu Cat 3 High School in Cat Hung Commune, Phu Cat District, according to Dao Duc Tuan, director of the provincial Department of Education and Training.

T. was a member of the school’s team for students who have talent for running.

On November 27, Phu Cat 3 High School organized a 200-meter run to prepare for the upcoming province-level sports competition.

T. was running when he suddenly fainted.

The school’s medical staff gave the student first aid before taking him to the commune’s medical station.

T. was given oxygen before being transferred to Binh Dinh General Hospital for emergency treatment, but he did not make it.

The local forensic agency and procuracy requested an autopsy to determine the cause of death.

However, the family believed that T. had died from a stroke and requested that no autopsy be carried out.

T.’s body was then taken home for funeral rites.

“Through external examinations, doctors concluded that T. was not affected by external forces during the run,” Tuan elaborated, adding that he did not collide with any other student.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20221204/vietnamese-12th-grader-dies-while-taking-part-in-200m-run-at-school/70332.html

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Reclamation of land for Ho Chi Minh City airport’s new terminal proposed

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The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Natural Resources and Environment has proposed the municipal People’s Committee take back 14.7 hectares of military land in Tan Binh District to accommodate the new T3 terminal of Tan Son Nhat International Airport.

In particular, the department made a proposal to reclaim the land in Wards 4, 12, and 15 of Tan Binh District from Division 370 and Brigade 918 of the Air Defense and Air Force Service under the Ministry of National Defense.

The proposal was made pursuant to Article 62(2)(c) of the 2013 Land Law, stipulating the reclamation of land for the development of national traffic infrastructure projects.

The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Natural Resources and Environment also suggested chairs of Wards 4, 12, and 15 send decisions to take back the land to Division 370 and Brigade 918.

Meanwhile, the compensation and site clearance board of Tan Binh District will have to adopt compensation policies and hold a ceremony to receive the land and hand it over to the Airports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV) to build the terminal.

In addition, Division 370 and Brigade 918 should hand over the land to the compensation and site clearance board of Tan Binh District in line with the law.

The municipal Department of Natural Resources and Environment will also submit a plan to hand over the land to the Southern Airports Authority to the municipal People’s Committee for consideration and approval.

The land reclamation decision will be uploaded on the portal of the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee after being issued.

The T3 terminal project at Tan Son Nhat International Airport was approved in 2020 with an estimated price tag of nearly VND11 trillion (US$450 million), funded by the ACV.

Obstacles in the handover of the military land has slowed the execution of the project.

In July this year, the government issued a resolution to remove the obstacles, asking the Ministry of National Defense to hand over 16.05 hectares of land for the project in two phases.

In the first phase, some 14.7 hectares of land would be handed over right after the issuance of the resolution. Meanwhile, the remainder would be taken back after the settlement of Vietstar Airlines Multirole Corporation’s assets.

The city and relevant agencies planned to hold a ceremony to hand over the land in the first phase on October 19 but failed due to the Air Defense and Air Force Service’s disagreement.

To promptly conduct the terminal project as required by the prime minister, the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee on October 26 proposed that the General Staff of the Ministry of National Defense hand over the land in the first phase so that the ACV can execute the project.

The T3 terminal project is designed to have an annual capacity of 20 million passengers. Once completed, the terminal together with the T1 and T2 terminals can serve 50 million passengers per year.

The Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee will approve the compensation and site clearance plan for the project soon.

Work on the terminal project is expected to start on December 15-25 if the site clearance work is favorable.

In July this year, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh required the Ministry of Transport to direct relevant agencies to complete procedures to kick off the project in the third quarter of this year and complete it in September 2024, Tien Phong (Vanguard) newspaper reported.

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The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Natural Resources and Environment has proposed the municipal People’s Committee take back 14.7 hectares of military land in Tan Binh District to accommodate the new T3 terminal of Tan Son Nhat International Airport.

In particular, the department made a proposal to reclaim the land in Wards 4, 12, and 15 of Tan Binh District from Division 370 and Brigade 918 of the Air Defense and Air Force Service under the Ministry of National Defense.

The proposal was made pursuant to Article 62(2)(c) of the 2013 Land Law, stipulating the reclamation of land for the development of national traffic infrastructure projects.

The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Natural Resources and Environment also suggested chairs of Wards 4, 12, and 15 send decisions to take back the land to Division 370 and Brigade 918.

Meanwhile, the compensation and site clearance board of Tan Binh District will have to adopt compensation policies and hold a ceremony to receive the land and hand it over to the Airports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV) to build the terminal.

In addition, Division 370 and Brigade 918 should hand over the land to the compensation and site clearance board of Tan Binh District in line with the law.

The municipal Department of Natural Resources and Environment will also submit a plan to hand over the land to the Southern Airports Authority to the municipal People’s Committee for consideration and approval.

The land reclamation decision will be uploaded on the portal of the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee after being issued.

The T3 terminal project at Tan Son Nhat International Airport was approved in 2020 with an estimated price tag of nearly VND11 trillion (US$450 million), funded by the ACV.

Obstacles in the handover of the military land has slowed the execution of the project.

In July this year, the government issued a resolution to remove the obstacles, asking the Ministry of National Defense to hand over 16.05 hectares of land for the project in two phases.

In the first phase, some 14.7 hectares of land would be handed over right after the issuance of the resolution. Meanwhile, the remainder would be taken back after the settlement of Vietstar Airlines Multirole Corporation’s assets.

The city and relevant agencies planned to hold a ceremony to hand over the land in the first phase on October 19 but failed due to the Air Defense and Air Force Service’s disagreement.

To promptly conduct the terminal project as required by the prime minister, the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee on October 26 proposed that the General Staff of the Ministry of National Defense hand over the land in the first phase so that the ACV can execute the project.

The T3 terminal project is designed to have an annual capacity of 20 million passengers. Once completed, the terminal together with the T1 and T2 terminals can serve 50 million passengers per year.

The Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee will approve the compensation and site clearance plan for the project soon.

Work on the terminal project is expected to start on December 15-25 if the site clearance work is favorable.

In July this year, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh required the Ministry of Transport to direct relevant agencies to complete procedures to kick off the project in the third quarter of this year and complete it in September 2024, Tien Phong (Vanguard) newspaper reported.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20221204/reclamation-of-land-for-ho-chi-minh-city-airports-new-terminal-proposed/70316.html

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Ho Chi Minh City’s ward to set up task force against uncontrolled waste disposal

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The administration of a ward in Ho Chi Minh City, southern Vietnam, will establish a dedicated team in charge of detecting and handling cases of random garbage disposal to protect the living environment for local residents.

The An Phu Dong Ward will install cameras and set up a specialized team to monitor and check local riverbanks and canals to detect, prevent and handle cases of illegal dumping, Le Phan Quang Tien, deputy chairman of the ward People’s Committee, in District 12, told Tien Phong (Youth) newspaper.

Such a task force is necessary as people who sneakily dispose of waste often commit their wrong act at night or early morning, when everybody is in a deep sleep, Tien said.

“In order to eliminate improper garbage disposal, we are implementing flexible and practical solutions to tighten control over environmental sanitation, including enhancing public awareness of environmental protection,” the official added. 

He emphasized that the ward will adopt a mechanism to mobilize the role of people and communities to detect and denounce acts of littering in public places.

At the same time, authorities will reward individuals and units who promptly identify and report violators, Tien stated.

Currently, there have been a lot of rubbish heaps alongside the banks of the Vam Thuat River and on roads, with rats and cockroaches running in and out, Tien Phong (Youth) reporters recorded on the site.

Except for small volumes of domestic waste, such garbage there is mainly industrial and construction waste, including broken pieces of metal, glass and electronic appliances.  

Many people even burned metal waste to get copper wires, causing smoke and dust pollution and posing risks of fire or explosion, locals complained.

“Most of the refuse here has been brought in by tricycles hired by people living in other localities,” Son, a local public utility staff, said, adding that such tricycles often came late at night to dump waste stealthily. 

Son emphasized that there are not enough forces to handle such violations.

Thao, a woman who owns a beverage shop in the riverbank area, said there were times when waste occupied roadways and travelers had to avoid them while going by.

“Recently, some residents had to spend millions of dong (VND1 million = US$41) hiring people to clean up trash heaps that are ‘as high as mountains,’ Thao said.  

She noted that authorities have caught and penalized many people who randomly disposed of waste here but the situation has yet to be improved.

Thao said locals will help local administration to drive back the situation by detecting and reporting those who commit such acts, but heavy fines should be imposed to deter wrongdoers.

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The administration of a ward in Ho Chi Minh City, southern Vietnam, will establish a dedicated team in charge of detecting and handling cases of random garbage disposal to protect the living environment for local residents.

The An Phu Dong Ward will install cameras and set up a specialized team to monitor and check local riverbanks and canals to detect, prevent and handle cases of illegal dumping, Le Phan Quang Tien, deputy chairman of the ward People’s Committee, in District 12, told Tien Phong (Youth) newspaper.

Such a task force is necessary as people who sneakily dispose of waste often commit their wrong act at night or early morning, when everybody is in a deep sleep, Tien said.

“In order to eliminate improper garbage disposal, we are implementing flexible and practical solutions to tighten control over environmental sanitation, including enhancing public awareness of environmental protection,” the official added. 

He emphasized that the ward will adopt a mechanism to mobilize the role of people and communities to detect and denounce acts of littering in public places.

At the same time, authorities will reward individuals and units who promptly identify and report violators, Tien stated.

Currently, there have been a lot of rubbish heaps alongside the banks of the Vam Thuat River and on roads, with rats and cockroaches running in and out, Tien Phong (Youth) reporters recorded on the site.

Except for small volumes of domestic waste, such garbage there is mainly industrial and construction waste, including broken pieces of metal, glass and electronic appliances.  

Many people even burned metal waste to get copper wires, causing smoke and dust pollution and posing risks of fire or explosion, locals complained.

“Most of the refuse here has been brought in by tricycles hired by people living in other localities,” Son, a local public utility staff, said, adding that such tricycles often came late at night to dump waste stealthily. 

Son emphasized that there are not enough forces to handle such violations.

Thao, a woman who owns a beverage shop in the riverbank area, said there were times when waste occupied roadways and travelers had to avoid them while going by.

“Recently, some residents had to spend millions of dong (VND1 million = US$41) hiring people to clean up trash heaps that are ‘as high as mountains,’ Thao said.  

She noted that authorities have caught and penalized many people who randomly disposed of waste here but the situation has yet to be improved.

Thao said locals will help local administration to drive back the situation by detecting and reporting those who commit such acts, but heavy fines should be imposed to deter wrongdoers.

Like us on Facebook or  follow us on Twitter to get the latest news about Vietnam!

Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20221203/ho-chi-minh-city-s-ward-to-set-up-task-force-against-uncontrolled-waste-disposal/70325.html

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