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Association established for cat protection in Việt Nam

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The Việt Nam Cat Association received a decision to establish the first social organisation dedicated to cats in Việt Nam. VNA/ Photo Minh Phương.

HÀ NỘI — The Việt Nam Cat Association was established on Sunday, raising social awareness of cat welfare, rights and protection in Việt Nam.

The association will operate under the Vietnam Animal Welfare Association (VAWA).

Speaking at the ceremony, Phạm Thanh Sơn, deputy head of the VAWA said: “The forming of the Việt Nam cat association will contribute to the enhancement of cat welfare and cat breed protection in Việt Nam.

“I believe and hope that the association will bring a humane message to society, so cats will be treated as friends of people,” he added.

The association will focus on building regulations on cat protection and against mistreatment and maintaining cat breeds in Việt Nam.

The group will also connect with other cat protection centres in Việt Nam to aid finance and human resources to provide a better living environment for cats at centres.

“The association is the first social group dedicated to cats in Việt Nam, so we understand our mission is to protect cat welfare in Việt Nam,” said Nguyễn Xuân Sơn, head of the Việt Nam Cat Association.

“We will also work to harmonise the perspective of the global animal protection organisations with the traditions and beliefs of local people,” he added.

According to a report by international animal welfare organisation Four Paws, more than one million cats are illegally traded and slaughtered each year in Việt Nam.

“I hope that the association will try their best to eliminate the illegal cat meat trade in Việt Nam, so cat owners like me will no longer have to worry about our pets’ safety,” said Nguyễn Vũ Hải Đăng, a cat owner. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/793640/association-established-for-cat-protection-in-viet-nam.html

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Vietnam ranks first in SEA in primary student learning outcomes

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Vietnam ranks first among Southeast Asian countries in terms of primary school student learning outcomes under the Southeast Asia Primary Learning Metrics (SEA-PLM) programme.

Vietnam ranks first in SEA in primary student learning outcomes hinh anh 1

The results of the SEA-PLM in 2019 were announced at an online conference of the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) on December 1.

Accordingly, among the six participating countries – Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar and the Philippines -, primary school students in Vietnam ranked first in all three competencies surveyed, namely Reading, Writing, and Mathematics.

Specifically, in the Reading domain, Vietnamese students showed the highest average competency level of 6/6. The percentage of Vietnamese students achieving the sixth level of competency is 82 percent. Malaysia ranked second with 58 percent of students achieving the sixth level. The percentages of the remainder were all below 10 percent.

In terms of Writing, Vietnamese students had an average capacity of 6 out of 8. The percentage of students reaching the eighth proficiency level was 20 percent. This rate in the remaining countries was 2 – 4 percent.

In Mathematics, Vietnamese students had an average competency level of 8 out of 9. The percentage of children with the highest level of competency (level 9) was 42 percent. The rates among the remainder were all below 10 percent.

The learning gap between urban and rural students as assessed by SEA-PLM has narrowed, with almost no difference remaining. However, students in mountainous and remote areas are still lagging far behind students from other regions.

In 2019, the survey was conducted at 150 schools in Vietnam with 832 teachers, 4,837 students and 4,160 parents taking part.

Vietnamese Deputy Minister of Education and Training Nguyen Van Phuc said the programme results will help his Ministry identify immediate and long-term policies for the development of primary education. In particular, the ministry will focus on developing education for mountainous students, supporting ethnic minority students in difficult circumstances, and building a strategy to improve education for parents.

Launched in 2011, the SEA-PLM aims at assisting SEAMEO member countries to better measure and understand the learning situation of primary students according to both general and individual criteria, thereby helping countries improve the quality of their education system./.VNA

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/society/vietnam-ranks-first-in-sea-in-primary-student-learning-outcomes-694149.html

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Carriers violating quarantine rules not allowed to fly abroad: transport ministry

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Carriers violating quarantine rules not allowed to fly abroad: transport ministry

A Vietnam Airlines plane is sanitized with disinfectants. Photo by VnExpress/Ba Do.


Airlines whose crews flout Covid-19 quarantine rules and transmit the infection cannot operate international flights any longer, the Ministry of Transport said on Tuesday.

The decision came after a man in HCMC was diagnosed with the coronavirus on Monday, breaking the country’s 88-day streak without local transmission. The 32-year-old English teacher had contracted it from a friend, a flight attendant on Vietnam Airlines.

The teacher then infected at least two others, his one-year-old nephew and a student, 28.

The ministry said on Tuesday it has instructed the Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam and carriers to ramp up coronavirus prevention measures and closely monitor their crews when they leave and return to the country.

Pilots, attendants and other crew members on repatriation flights and those carrying experts and investors bound for Vietnam must wear N95 masks or their equivalent and protective suits, including hats, glasses and gloves. They must also use hand sanitizers.

Pilots and attendants need to use dedicated restrooms and their own vehicles on getting off the plane. No contact is allowed with passengers during flights.

On arriving in Vietnam, they are quarantined and tested for the novel coronavirus twice 72 hours apart. If both tests return negative, they are allowed to self-isolate at home for 14 days.

Airlines have been instructed to sanitize areas prone to infection like food trays and restroom doors. Planes are sanitized upon entry as well.

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc ordered a temporary halt to all inbound international commercial flights following the latest cases at a cabinet meeting on Tuesday.

While he said repatriation flights would be allowed to bring Vietnamese citizens who are old, sick or facing financial issues home, the CAAV said on Wednesday plans for 33 commercial repatriation flights a week between December 1 and January 15 have been temporarily shelved.

Vietnam has had 1,351 Covid-19 cases so far, 118 still active.

Thirty five people have succumbed to the disease, many of them elderly patients with underlying conditions like diabetes and kidney failure.

Source: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/carriers-violating-quarantine-rules-not-allowed-to-fly-abroad-transport-ministry-4200215.html

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Universities with autonomy lack right to hire lecturers

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Covered by the Law on Public Employees, universities with autonomy don’t have the right to make decisions in recruitment, increase pay for talented lecturers, or dismiss incapable workers.

Speaking at a workshop on university autonomy held by the National Assembly’s Committee for Culture, Education, Youth, Adolescents and Children, Truong Tuan Linh and Nguyen Phuong Thao, lecturers at Thai Nguyen University, described the contradictions of legal documents on using personnel in public non-business units.

Universities with autonomy lack right to hire lecturers

The state wants to transfer autonomy in personnel to universities, but requires universities to recruit civil servants only. But the number of civil servants is not high enough to implement the tasks at universities.

According to the lecturers, in the past when legal provisions were not really clear, universities had to use both recruitment forms – recruitment of civil servants and recruitment of workers under labor contracts. As such, both laws, including the Law on Public Employees and Labor Code, were applied at the same time.

Universities applied the Law on Public Employees in their operations, but when labor disputes occurred, they would be required to follow the Labor Code, though the provisions of the two laws were not the same.

Most universities use a personnel classification scale and salary coefficient designed for civil servants to apply to their workers, but it is not necessary. They also have to set salaries for workers based on provisions of the Labor Code and refer to regional minimum wages to determine salaries.

According to Phan Thi Lan Huong and Nguyen Thi Thanh Tu from Hanoi Law University, the pay in accordance with jobs and positions creates challenges for higher education establishments that do not enjoy autonomy for regular expenses and investments.

Citing Decree 99, which says that personnel recruitment must not lead to an increase in number of workers receiving salaries from the state budget, the two lecturers pointed out that the regulation doesn’t ensure the self-determination of state-owned universities.

If universities want to open more majors and joint training programs, but do not enjoy autonomy in financing, they do not have the right to increase personnel.

The number of permanent lecturers is the basis to determine the enrollment quota. If higher education establishments want to increase enrollment, they have to increase the number of permanent lecturers.

The regulation once again shows the problem in the policies on autonomy.

Do Van Dung, rector of the HCM City University of Technology and Education, said that since autonomous universities still have to observe the Law on Public Employees, they do not have the right to dismiss lecturers who work ineffectively. 

Le Huyen

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/society/universities-with-autonomy-lack-right-to-hire-lecturers-693958.html

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