The Ministry of Information and Communications has issued a Code of Conduct on Social Networks to guide the building of a safe, democratic, and healthy e-environment in order to improve human rights in Việt Nam.
The Thế giới & Việt Nam (World & Việt Nam) online newspaper had an interview with Trần Thành Nam, head of the Faculty of Educational Sciences, Hà Nội National University on this issue.
What do you think about the Code of Conduct?
We already have the Law on Cybersecurity which regulates general behaviour on social networks from a legal perspective. The introduction of the Code of Conduct on Social Networks recently is like a bottom-up infrastructure institution that regulates the behaviour of the community, regarding culture and ethics, by utilising group pressure to regulate behaviour.
This Code is like a convention – a self-imposed charter convention for a community living in the same space that are committed to each other. In fact, as of the first quarter of 2021, the social network users community in Việt Nam reached almost 70 million accounts, covering nearly 70 per cent of the population.
Therefore, the birth of the code is very timely. It will help regulate the behaviour of social network participants, help the community be aware of right and wrong behaviours in cyberspace, and at the same time require each individual to be responsible for the behaviour, information, and images they share on social networks in general.
In order for the Code of Conduct to work and to be able to filter out content that does not meet standards laid out on the code, what are the responsibilities of the parties involved?
I think it is important, for this Code of Conduct to be effective, for social organisations, schools, and families to aware of their responsibility.
If we consider the Code like a convention, we first need to communicate its role and requirements, so that the community understands the core values of online behaviour. For example, respect and compliance with the law in terms of information safety and security.
Then, they must be allowed to comment on the do’s and don’ts.
Although the target audience of social networks are usually young people, in order to clean and civilise the online environment, it is necessary to raise awareness among not only the young generation but also adults who were not born in the digital age, those whose skills are still at the level of “digital refugees”.
We need to work on how to turn the Code of Conduct into specific behavioural indicators that are easy to understand for children and practically applicable in real life. Until everyone in the social network community understands and sees the presence of their opinions in the code, and sees themselves as being partly responsible for the Code, only then can it be a success.
Ministries and sectors need to carry out studies to assess the level of awareness, attitudes, and behaviours as well as the digital skills of the community after the Code of Conduct was issued.
At the same time, concerned units also need to find out what factors promote or hinder the implementation of this Code. This information should be used to make adjustments to improve policies, remove inappropriate terms, and add supplementary regulations. Then we need to add new terms to keep up with life on social media.
What role should the press, media and network platform providers perform to improve the digital capacity of the people?
The media and network platform providers play a very important role. They lay the first bricks in raising awareness and educating the community on how to behave in the online environment through their products and services. They can do this via interactive media products from infographics, skill-guidance video clips, or scientific articles, analysis, and trend monitoring.
The press and media in the past have contributed to raising public awareness about digital citizenship.
Basic competencies that need to be formed to participate in the digital world include maintaining a balance between real life and virtual world; maintaining a suitable online self-image; preventing, detecting and handling security problems; communicating and interacting safely online, identifying and handling incidents and online bullying; assessing network news and personal communication capacity.
The Code of Conduct will create a new face for the social networking community in Việt Nam, but do you think we will need more specific guidelines for online statements?
As I said, the Code of Conduct is issued like a framework code of conduct as a foundation for organisations to concretise it into behavioural indicators suitable for their specific activities.
For example, businesses will have to have additional rules for speech that respects brands and those who advertise products and services must comply with the regulations of advertising according to their own capacity and products’ functions.
How do you expect the Code of Conduct to create a healthier online environment, especially for children – the most vulnerable in cyberspace?
Recently, not only has the Code of Conduct on the Internet been issued, but the Government has also approved the program “Protecting and supporting children to interact healthily and creatively in the online environment from 2021-2025”.
This combination is expected to better protect the secrets of private life. At the same time, this new regulation will also help prevent and handle acts involving taking advantage of the online environment to groom children.
The Code pays special attention to equipping children with age-appropriate digital competencies so that children can self-identify and protect themselves in the online environment. This is to maintain a healthy online environment that facilitates learning, entertainment and creative connections.
In order to well implement the Code of Conduct and build a healthy social network, we must also teach children how to improve the way they use the tools available to them effectively.
For example, to implement the rule of self-management and security of social network accounts, it is necessary to teach children how to report bad and harmful information and how to create strong passwords. We must also help them to understand what to share and what to keep private.
In order to implement the official rules on information sharing, it is necessary to teach children how to appraise and evaluate information obtained, and guide their use of technology so that they can detect fake news.
Over 67% of Covid-19 patients at HCM City Covid-19 Resuscitation Hospital need psychological support
According to a survey by the Covid-19 Resuscitation Hospital in HCM City, up to 67% of patients said they wanted to have psychological counseling.
|Psychologist Tri Thi Minh Thuy talks with a severe Covid-19 patient who has recovered from the disease and is about to be discharged from the hospital. Photo: Cho Ray Hospital.|
According to the survey, 20% of the patients suffered depression, 53.3% with anxiety disorder, and 16.7% with stress.
In particular, up to 66.7% patients who needed High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) suffered from depression. Similarly, 66.7% patients who had to breathe oxygen through a mask or mechanical ventilator suffered from anxiety disorder.
As many as 67% of patients wanted psychological counseling during treatment and after being discharged from the hospital.
The hospital has invited psychologist Tri Thi Minh Thuy from the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ho Chi Minh City, to survey and provide psychological treatment support for patients at the hospital.
“When they go to the hospital for Covid-19 treatment, patients have to be away from their families and fight the virus alone to survive so it’s easy to cause sadness and loss of appetite,” said Dr. Thuy.
“Seeing me, many patients remained still. I said if you agree to talk to me, please give me a sign. They understood what I was saying but did not do anything. I had to help them eat and drink, talk to them, give them a massage, then they began to open their hearts,” she said.
After getting into contact with many severely ill Covid-19 patients, Dr. Thuy concluded that they suffered from anxiety, panic attacks, or depression. This is why they need a psychologist.
Côn Đảo to return to ‘new normal’ under province’s proposal
HCM CITY — Several wards and communes in Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu Province are expected to continue to be under the Government’s Directive 16, while Côn Đảo District would return to a “new normal” state.
The provincial Steering Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control on Tuesday held a meeting on epidemic prevention and control plans after September 22 to discuss ending the province’s 5th social distancing period.
Directive 16 would continue to be applied in wards Nguyễn An Ninh, Thắng Nhất, Thắng Nhì, 1, 10 and 11, located in various districts.
Some communes and towns in Long Điền District, namely Phước Hưng, An Ngãi and Long Hải, will also be under Directive 16.
Bà Rịa City, Phú Mỹ Town, Châu Đức District, Đất Đỏ District and Xuyên Mộc District, together with the remaining communes and towns of Long Điền District, will be under the more relaxed Directive 15.
Production and business activities in Côn Đảo District will resume in a new normal state. However, traffic from the mainland to the island must be carefully monitored.
Districts such as Châu Đức, Đất Đỏ, Xuyên Mộc and Bà Rịa City aim to slowly recover and carefully open some types of economic activities in four stages.
During the first stage, between September 23 and 30, those areas will loosen travel control in the “green zone” and reopen supermarkets, retail store chains, small businesses selling essential items, traditional markets and take-away food services, and resume agricultural, forestry and fishery production activities.
The second stage, from October 1 to 31, involves tourism at hotels with closed services.
If the epidemic continues to be controlled well and Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu returns to the new normal, the third stage, from November 11 to December 31, will be implemented.
The locality will allow tourist and resort establishments to welcome guests who are fully vaccinated. Real estate agencies, and security and insurance activities will be permitted to open, and intra-provincial public transport will operate at 50 per cent capacity. Education, training services and sports activities would be limited to no more than 20 people.
All economic activities in the last stage will reopen in 2022.
Vice chairman of the provincial People’s Committee Trần Văn Tuấn is seeking feedback from authorities and will announce the final plan soon.
As of September 21, after more than two months of social distancing, Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu had recorded 3,943 COVID-19 cases. —
Five teens killed in road crash during Mid-Autumn Festival in northern Vietnam
Five teenage boys were killed and two others injured following a road accident involving four motorbikes that were traveling at high speed in the northern Vietnamese province of Phu Tho on Tuesday night.
The crash took place along a street in Minh Tan Commune, Cam Khe District at around 10:30 pm, according to Nguyen Hong Son, chairman of the commune’s People’s Committee.
A total of seven teenagers were traveling on four motorbikes at high speed when they crashed into one another.
Four of them were killed on the spot, while the other three were admitted to the hospital with serious injuries.
One of the injured later died at around 1:00 am on Wednesday.
The five deceased victims were identified as Nguyen Ngoc Duy, 16, Nguyen Trung Dung, 16, Doan Quoc Hoi, 17, Nguyen Thanh Toan, 18, and Nguyen Truong Son, 16, according to An Toan Giao Thong (Traffic Safety) newspaper, which is managed by the National Committee for Traffic Safety.
Khuat Viet Hung, vice-chairman of the committee, has requested authorities in Phu Tho to promptly carry out an investigation and find out the cause of the accident.
Hung directed competent authorities to check whether the victims were under the influence of drugs or alcohol, and to verify any signs of illegal street racing.
The boys are believed to have been celebrating the Mid-Autumn Festival prior to the crash, the provincial traffic safety committee reported.
The National Committee for Traffic Safety also asked their family members to pay attention to pandemic prevention and control measures when organizing funerals for the victims.
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