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Forty-seven-year national reconciliation, concord efforts of Việt Nam




Local residents crowd North Vietnamese tanks taking position near the presidential palace in Saigon (now HCM City) after the palace had fallen into the control of the liberation army on April 30, 1975. — VNA/ Photo Lâm Hồng

Trần Quang Vinh

HÀ NỘI — April 30, 1975, started a new era in Việt Nam – one of independence and socialism for the whole country with the liberation of the south and the reunification of the nation. 

Forty-seven years since that day, the Party and State have been working hard with policies on national reconciliation and concord, eliminating remaining war-time prejudices and discrimination, and developing a spirit of openness, respect, sympathy, and mutual trust, heading to the future together.

The policy was designed on the basis of the core interests of the nation and country – national independence, unification, prosperity, territorial integrity, people’s mastery and solidarity between the 98 million people inside the country and the more than five million abroad.

In January 1994, the mid-term national conference of the seventh Communist Party of Việt Nam (CPV)’s Central Committee underlined the orientation of strengthening the great national solidarity bloc, bringing into play all the creativeness of workers, farmers and intellectuals, as well as people from all walks of life, all classes and religions, including the overseas Vietnamese community.

The significance of the national great solidarity and contributions of Vietnamese people both inside and outside the country continued to be affirmed through the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th National Party Congresses.

For national independence, solidarity and peace for the people, Việt Nam had to fight two long wars and suffered great losses. More than 1.14 million soldiers and over 4 million civilians were killed or maimed for life during the wars.

Remembering the history and losses caused by the war, Vietnamese people do not aim to deepen the prejudice and discrimination, but to treasure the peace and achievements made so far.

Việt Nam recognises the attitude and goodwill for reconciliation and concord as well as contributions to the national construction by those who once turned their backs on the nation’s core interests of independence, unification and territorial integrity.

However, while the majority of Vietnamese people have shown goodwill, some have still clung to their hatred and destructive actions. Nearly half a century after the national reunification, some with ties to the now-defunct Republic of Việt Nam (South Vietnam) still call April 30 “the national day of hatred” or “black April”. National reconciliation and concord are not an excuse for those people to make unreasonable demands on the country, distort the great historical significance of the National Liberation Day or turn a blind eye to socio-economic achievements Việt Nam has reaped through the past 47 years, especially through nearly 36 years of “đổi mới” (Renewal).

The reality has proved that a large number of Vietnamese people abroad welcome the country’s renewal cause and great national solidarity policy of the Party and State, and expect the country’s prosperity and development to match that of other countries in the region and in the world. Many have visited their families and hometowns while engaging in investment and business, scientific and technological, education, culture, art, sports cooperation as well as humanitarian and charity activities at home.

Widely opening their arms to all Vietnamese people living away from the Fatherland, the Party and State have always created optimal conditions for them to return to their roots, visit their relatives, worship their ancestors and make contributions to the homeland. Many policies have been rolled out to specify and complete regulations on entry, exit, residence and travel of overseas Vietnamese in the direction of openness, convenience and simplicity of procedures. At the same time, efforts have been exerted to deal with remaining problems so as to make it easier for them in house purchase, inheritance, marriage, and child adoption. Humanitarian issues left by history have been settled with love and reason on the basis of Vietnamese morality, in order to realise the policy of great national solidarity.

Still, a handful of Vietnamese people abroad who have yet to return to the homeland to see with their own eyes the achievements of the country’s development, or have kept their prejudice and refused to properly understand the situation of the country, are deliberately running against the common interests of the nation, and trying to harm the cooperative relationship between their host countries and Việt Nam.

The acts of deliberate opposition against the policy of national reconciliation, taking advantage of the policy of concord to undermine the great national solidarity bloc, running against the common interests of the nation and trying to harm the country, will not be eligible for any tolerance. Being lost in the nation’s move forward, those small “grudge stones” are likely to deeply sink to the bottom of the river. —



Vietnam proposes measures to foster Mekong-Lancang cooperation in post-pandemic recovery



Vietnam’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son has recommended four measures for beefing up the Mekong-Lancang Cooperation (MLC) to promote growth and sustainable development from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Minister Son was speaking at the seventh MLC Foreign Ministers’ Meeting held in Bagan, Myanmar on Monday, centered around ‘Solidarity for Peace and Prosperity.’ 

The event was attended by foreign ministers from the six member countries of the MLC mechanism, including China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. 

Participants highly appreciated the MLC’s recent contributions to regional cooperation and development, especially amid the complicated developments of COVID-19, and discussed coordination in organizing the second MLC Ministerial Meeting on Water Resources in Vietnam this year.

In this context, the Vietnamese diplomat delivered a speech proposing four major measures to make the MLC more effective.

He firstly mentioned the need for cooperation in boosting economic recovery and resilience from the pandemic, and strengthening customs cooperation and trade facilitation in order to solve goods congestion and ensure the free flow of goods and services in the region.

Second, it is necessary for mutual support among member countries in climate change adaptation and the transition to a green economic model, including clean energy development and climate-smart agriculture.

He also called for stronger cooperation in managing and using water resources in a sustainable manner, strengthening consultation and dialogue on water resource development plans, increasing the sharing of hydrological and meteorological data and hydroelectric dam operations, and expanding coordination between the MLC and the Mekong River Commission.

Vietnam’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son (L) bumps elbows with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi at the seventh Mekong-Lancang Cooperation Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Myanmar, July 4, 2022. Photo: Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Vietnam’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son (L) bumps elbows with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi at the seventh Mekong-Lancang Cooperation Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Myanmar, July 4, 2022. Photo: Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Lastly, it is advisable to promote people-to-people connections through tourism activities and cultural exchange programs, Son said.

His speech was highly appreciated by the other member countries and was reflected in the conference’s documents, the foreign ministry said in a statement on Monday.

The event came as two-way trade between the lower Mekong River countries and China reached nearly US$400 billion last year, up 23 percent from 2020, while many large infrastructure works have been completed and hundreds of technical assistance projects are being built by the MLC member nations, according to the Vietnam News Agency.

The meeting emphasized the principles of equal cooperation, mutual consultation, benefit-sharing and respect for the United Nations Charter and international law, as well as the legislation of each country. 

It came to an end with the issuance of four joint statements on strengthening agricultural cooperation, disaster prevention, customs and trade facilitation, and exchanges between MLC civilizations. 

Founded in 2016, the MLC is a multilateral cooperation mechanism between the riparian states of the Lancang River and Mekong River. 

The Lancang River originates from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in southwestern China.

It is called the Mekong River as it flows through the other five countries – Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam – before entering the sea.

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Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov to visit Vietnam



Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov is scheduled to visit Vietnam on Tuesday and Wednesday, the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs said on Monday night.

The visit is made at the invitation of Vietnamese Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son.

In September 2021, Minister Son conducted a business trip to Moscow, where he met with many Russian officials, including his counterpart Lavrov.

In late 2021, State President Nguyen Xuan Phuc visited Russia at the invitation of President Vladimir Putin.

Last year marked the 20th anniversary of the strategic partnership between Vietnam and Russia, while this year is the 10th anniversary of the two nations’ comprehensive strategic partnership.

Lavrov’s visit takes place in the context of new developments in the international and regional situations.

In March, Minister Son joined separate phone talks with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov and Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba about the military conflict between the two countries.

In both dialogues, Son affirmed Vietnam’s consistent stance that international disputes and disagreements should be resolved by peaceful measures and in compliance with the basic principles of the United Nations Charter and international law, especially the principle of respecting the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of countries.

The official asked relevant parties to exercise restraint, reduce tensions, and conduct more dialogues to find a long-term solution that is in line with international law and takes into consideration the legitimate interests of all sides.

During the talks, Minister Lavrov praised Vietnam’s contribution to peace, stability, cooperation, and development in the region and the world.

The official shared recent developments in the situation in Ukraine and affirmed that he would try his best to support the safe evacuation of Vietnamese citizens from conflict zones.

The two sides also discussed bilateral relations, with Minister Son suggesting that Russia continue to pay attention to and create favorable conditions for the Vietnamese community there to stabilize their life, production, and business operation.

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Vietnam leaders congratulate US on 246th Independence Day



Vietnamese leaders have sent congratulatory messages to leaders of the U.S. government and Congress on the occasion of the country’s 246th Independence Day.

State President Nguyen Xuan Phuc and Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh sent their congratulations to U.S. President Joe Biden on Monday, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Chairman of the National Assembly Vuong Dinh Hue also extended greetings to President of the Senate Kamala Harris and Speaker of the House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi.

On the same day, Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son sent a congratulatory message to U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken.

Vietnam and the U.S. established bilateral relations in 1995, paving the way for a partnership of trust, friendship, and mutual respect.

The bilateral relationship is guided by the comprehensive partnership signed in 2013 and joint statements issued by the leaders of the two countries in 2015, 2016, and May and November 2017, according to the U.S. Embassy in Hanoi.

After lifting the ban on the sale of lethal weapons to Vietnam in May 2016, the U.S. continued to support the Southeast Asian country in maritime security, including handing over Hamilton-class coast guard ships to Vietnam in 2017 and 2020.

The people-to-people relations between the two countries have also developed rapidly, with tens of thousands of Vietnamese students having come to the U.S. to study, contributing nearly US$1 billion to the local economy.

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