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Gender equality in climate action amid COVID-19

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Drought caused by climate change has become a serious problem for Việt Nam in recent years. VNA Photo

 HÀ NỘI – Gender mainstreaming in climate change policies is crucial to promoting gender equality in Việt Nam, according to Deputy Director of the Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE) Nguyễn Trung Thắng.

Thắng said that ISPONRE carried out research on the state of gender equality in climate change policies in Việt Nam, with focus on the four sectors of renewable energy, agriculture, water resources management, and garbage management.

On Wednesday, the ISPONRE, UN Women and UN Environment Programme (UNEP) launched the report entitled “The State of Gender Equality and Climate Change in Việt Nam” to support the integration of gender equality in the climate mitigation and adaptation policies of the country.

The report shows that Việt Nam has made efforts to complete policies on gender equality and climate change response but pointed out that women’s participation in policy making and management is limited.

Additionally, a lack of information and data on climate change’s impacts has affected the building and implementation of climate change policies with gender mainstreaming.

“Gender and climate change are cross-cutting issues that need joint effort of all nations and societies. This report aims to provide a fresh entry to promote gender integration in climate policies in Việt Nam which eventually contribute to implementation of both SDG 05 – Gender equality and SDG 13 – Climate change,” Trung said.

The Vietnamese Government integrated gender equality and social inclusion in its updated Nationally Determined Contribution, which was submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in September 2020.

Việt Nam is among six countries hardest hit by extreme weather that killed 286 people and resulted in economic losses of US$2 billion each year over the last two decades.

In a bid to cope with future challenges, Việt Nam should adopt more ambitious targets to evaluate the state of gender mainstreaming in climate change policies, according to Swedish Ambassador to Việt Nam Anne Mawe.

As mentioned in the report, the Government of Việt Nam submitted an updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) last September, where it committed to increasing its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.

“More importantly, the updated NDC integrated gender equality and social inclusion issue for the first time, making Viet Nam one of the few countries in the world that is addressing gender in its NDC. But doing more is always better,” said Elisa Fernandez, UN Women Representative in Việt Nam.

The report provides a gender analysis of the impacts of climate change in Việt Nam, particularly in the sectors of agriculture, water management, waste management, and energy, which the country has prioritised. Various policies were also reviewed to determine what mechanisms currently exist to facilitate gender mainstreaming in policy-making and programme implementation.

Among the key findings of the report is that men and women have differentiated capacities as resource users and contributors to the implementation of climate policies.

In the agriculture sector, the gendered division of labour within the sector and additional responsibilities taken on by women as a consequence of gender norms prohibit their active participation in decision-making inside and outside of their households.

In the water management sector, many national policies see women as one of many vulnerable groups and mainly treat them as beneficiaries, so policies rarely focus on women as potential change agents to preserve water resources.

In the waste management sector, 90 per cent of street waste collectors are women whose jobs are not recognised by existing laws because they are considered part of the informal sector.

In the energy sector, most jobs in the manufacturing, construction, and engineering are traditionally seen as suitable only for men, thus women are significantly underrepresented.

Launched under the EmPower project that is jointly implemented by UN Women and UNEP, and supported by the Government of Sweden, the report also offers sector specific recommendations that could inform policies to strengthen gender integration in the implementation of the NDC and updating the National Strategy for Climate Change in Việt Nam.

At the workshop, Ambassador Anne Måwe, Ambassador of Sweden to Việt Nam, said that Sweden was recognised for being a global leader in advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment, which was a centrepiece in its foreign and development policy.

“Sweden was the first country to implement a Feminist Foreign Policy, which was launched in 2014. This policy represents a shift towards a more systemic approach to addressing inequality, and focuses on enhancing the rights, representation and resources of women and girls globally. When gender equality increases, poverty decreases,” she said.

“It is our hope that the key findings of the report as well as the recommendations for these key sectors will be useful for our government partners in ensuring that climate change mitigation and adaptation is gender-responsive, inclusive, and rights-based so we can build a truly sustainable future for this generation and the generations to come,” said Mozaharul Alam, Regional Climate Change Coordinator of UNEP.

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/937794/gender-equality-in-climate-action-amid-covid-19.html

Sci-tech-environment

Vietnam police verify data leak and sale of 10,000 Vietnamese ID cards

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The personal data could be used by criminals to fraudulently appropriate property, forge documents to impersonate, and open a bank account.

The leak of personal data of nearly 10,000 Vietnamese identity cards (ID) for US$9,000 is under investigation, Maj. Gen. To An Xo, Chief of Staff at the Ministry of Public Security told local media on May 17.

It’s reported that an account named Ox1337xO, registered on RaidForums announced a sale of a 17GB database on May 13 of identification details of thousands of Vietnamese people.

The post was then deleted, To An Xo said, adding that it was still stored in the cache of Google search engine, and has raised serious concern over information safety.

In the sale advertisement, the hacker informed that he is selling data including name, date of birth, avatar, address, email, phone number, identity card number, and front and back ID card photos.

 Information of Vietnamese citizen ID card is sold on RaidForums. Photo: Zing

The hacker offered the data for US$9,000, paid by cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Litecoin, or by Vietnamese dong through an intermediary who is also a member of the forum. In a recent move, the hacker said his/her offer was halved to only US$4,300.

According to Xo, the investigation shows that many sources can reveal people’s personal data.

Hackers can also steal information from personal data management units, especially those performing administrative transactions that require people to prove their identity.

“More seriously, the personal data could be used by criminals to fraudulently appropriate property, forge documents to impersonate, and open a bank account,” Xo said.

Vice President of Bkav Ngo Tuan Anh said that the 17G data included video clips, and the number of exposed user accounts was not high.

This is the data of Pi Network virtual currency; the true volume of ID card information leak is only a little, Tuan Anh said, adding that Ox1337xO is an anonymous name that has just been created and requires virtual currency as the payment method.

“It can be said that this data transaction is most likely a scam and there is no evidence to show an information leak from the national population database of Vietnam,” the Bkav vice president confirmed.

However, he also commented that this is a serious issue as the information of nearly 10,000 people, including sensitive ones such as the front and back pictures of citizen ID cards, is exposed.

Hanoitimes

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/vietnam-police-verify-data-leak-and-sale-of-10-000-vietnamese-id-cards-737799.html

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Mekong Delta needs over US$346 mln to tackle severe landslides

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The Mekong Delta’s localities need around VND8,143 billion (US$352 million) to cope with 76 severe landslide and erosion points along the riverside and coastal areas with a total length of 140 kilometers.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the worse landslides in the Mekong Delta have been due to the exploitation of water resources on the upstream rivers, especially the hydropower projects in the Mekong river’s mainstream during nearly a decade.

Mekong Delta needs over US$346 mln to tackle severe landslides
The worse landslide at seadykes of Ca Mau Peninsula.

With the urgent situation, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is coordinating with the Ministry of Planning and Investment and other relevant units to propose the Prime Minister for a financial assistance of VND2 trillion (US$86.5 million) from World Bank’s capital sources  to support the Mekong Delta region to promptly implement works to cope with landslide.

Additionally, the ministry is reviewing the landslide hazard levels, building dyke system database and repairing landslide areas along the riverside and coastal areas in the Mekong Delta region, especially residential areas at high risk of landslide along Tien River and Hau River.

Mekong Delta needs over US$346 mln to tackle severe landslides
A landslide occurs in Can Tho.

From 2018 up to now, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has been coordinating with relevant agencies and units proposing the Government, the Prime Minister and the National Assembly to give Mekong Delta provinces financial assistance of around VND6,622 billion (US$287 million) from different financial sources to deal with nearly 157-kilometer long landslides along riverside and coastal areas, contributing to stabilize the people’s lives.

SGGP

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/mekong-delta-needs-over-us-346-mln-to-tackle-severe-landslides-737517.html

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Personal data of 10,000 Vietnamese offered for sale online

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Personal information such as identity cards, selfie images and others of 9,667 people are being posted and offered for sale on the Internet for $9,000.

An account named Ox1337xO, created on RaidForums in May 2021, announced a sale of a 17GB data package on May 13. This package is supposed to include details of citizen ID cards of many Vietnamese people. The post was then deleted, but was still stored in the cache of Google search engine, and has raised serious concern over information safety.

Dữ liệu cá nhân 10.000 người Việt bị rao bán trên mạng

In his article, the hacker advertised that the data includes name, date of birth, avatar, address, email, phone number, identity card number, and photos of the identity cards of the back and front side.

The hacker offered the data for $9,000, paid by cryptocurrencies as Bitcoin or Litecoin, or by Vietnamese dong through an intermediary who is also a member of the forum. In a recent move, the hacker said he was willing to sell the data for only $4,300.

Mr. Ngo Tuan Anh, Bkav’s Vice President in charge of cybersecurity, said that the 17G data included video clips, and the number of exposed user accounts was not high.

Dữ liệu cá nhân 10.000 người Việt bị rao bán trên mạng

Besides, as this is merely the data of Pi Network cryptocurrency, the true volume of ID card information leak is only a little. Adding to this is the fact that Ox1337xO is an anonymous name which has just been created and requires cryptocurrency as the payment method.

Therefore, it can be said that this data transaction is most likely a scam.

BKAV’s Tuan Anh confirmed that there is no evidence to show an information leak from the national population database of Vietnam.

However, he also commented that this is a serious issue since the information of nearly 10,000 people, including sensitive ones such as eKYC clips and the front and back pictures of citizen ID card, is illegally sold publicly.

Trong Dat/Van Anh

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/personal-data-of-10-000-vietnamese-offered-for-sale-online-737456.html

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