HCM CITY — HCM City has set a target to save at least 2 per cent of total energy consumption each year in the 2021-2025 period.
The city is drafting a plan on energy savings and promoting energy efficiency in the next five years.
The aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the effects of climate change, and contribute to national energy security.
The city wants all citizens to take part in energy savings.
According to the city’s Department of Industry and Trade, the energy-saving programme has achieved significant success since 2016, contributing to socio-economic development and reducing pollution.
The department has taken numerous measures to mobilise all businesses to join the programme and encouraged the use of high-performance equipment and energy-efficient technologies.
Between 2017 and 2019, the programme helped to reduce more than one million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
The city’s Department of Natural Resources and Environment has implemented many solutions and strengthened dissemination of information to improve public awareness about the importance of using energy effectively.
The department, in collaboration with media agencies, has organised many activities in response to the global Earth Hour event and the city’s energy-saving programme.
It has also urged replacing existing lighting systems with LED lights.
Producers and importers are also required to affix equipment and vehicles with energy labels pursuant to the Law on Energy Conservation. —
Wildlife trafficking in Vietnam remains complex: report
Wildlife trafficking in Vietnam remains complicated both before and during COVID-19, a report released on June 18 by the People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) non-profit organisation showed.
An otter, an endangered animal, is caged and sold at Thanh Hoa market in Long An province (Photo: VNA)
The report was based on a survey carried out across 20 provinces and cities nationwide in 2019-20.
Vietnam is viewed as a hotspot for transportation and consumption of wildlife products of the world. Despite the Government’s efforts to prevent the illegal trade after COVID-19 broke out, the number of violations has yet to decline.
Some wildlife markets are still open and even rare and endangered animals, like turtles and birds, are put up for sale.
Of note, elephant tusk smuggling remains rampant with illegally trading of ivory products found in 27 out of 31 surveyed locations. Many wild animals are kept in cages with poor sanitation, posing risks of spreading diseases.
The report also puts forward measures to minimise the risk of diseases originating from animals, including shutting down all illegal wildlife markets, tightening control of wildlife farms, compiling a list of wild animals allowed for private keeping, and intensifying control of wildlife-related advertising on the mass media and e-commerce platforms, and promoting communications on wildlife trafficking prevention, among others./.
Vietnam introduces code of conduct on social networks
The Ministry of Information and Communications on June 17 introduced a code of conduct on social networks to create a safe and healthy online environment.
|The code of conduct on social networks is to create a safe and healthy online environment. (Photo: VNA)|
The code of conduct, which targets organizations and individuals using social networks and social network service providers in Vietnam, is designed to ensure civil liberty, freedom to run business, and no discrimination between domestic and foreign service providers, in line with international standards, international practice and treaties to which Vietnam is a signatory.
It looks to develop ethical standards for behaviours on social networks, educate and develop good habits for social network users, contributing to building a healthy and safe online environment.
It encourages organisations and individuals to share information from official and reliable sources, and behave in ways that match traditional moral and cultural values of Vietnam.
|The code of conduct encourages social network users to optimise the networks to educate and protect children and teenagers in the online world. (Photo: internet)|
The document also requires organisations and individuals not to use words that incite hatred or trigger violence and gender and religious discrimination, not to publish contents violating legal regulations and information defaming others, not to spread fake news and untrue information, and not to conduct illegal advertising, affecting social order and safety.
Organisations and individuals should use real name when registering for the use of social networks, and register with the service provider to certify their names, website addresses and contact.
The code of conduct encourages social network users to optimise the networks to promote Vietnamese land, people and culture, and educate and protect children and teenagers in the online world.
Organisations and individuals using social networks, and service providers are encouraged to fully observe the code of conduct and popularize it to other users.
The document came into force as from June 17.
Joining forces to clean up cyberspace
Many livestreams, where ‘social network gangsters’ feel free to curse and insult others, have been organized online, attracting thousands of likes.
Dao Chi Le (left) and Phu Le
Cyberspace has become a part of people’s life as everyone spends a lot of time on social networks, but analysts say that cyberspace has been polluted by acts of defamation, insults and even cheating.
This behavior that deviates from standards is easily spread in cyberspace because laws and management tools are imperfect and do not cover everything in this ‘new world’.
VietNamNet is publishing a series of articles on ‘cleaning up cyberspace’ with a wish to reflect about the ‘pollution’ on cyberspace, find the causes, and suggest solutions to deal with the problem. Also, we hope that everyone will join forces to clean up cyberspace so that we can have a clean environment for everyone.
Cyber trash: livestreaming for swearing and fighting
It takes only half a second to find 1,050,000 results with the keyword ‘livestream chui nhau’ (livestreaming to swear), or ‘giang ho mang’ (social network gangsters).
But with the keyword ‘thanh chui’ (King of swearing), the results are 2.7 million.
The results show many familiar names, including Kha Banh (pretty swell), Duong Minh Tuyen, Dung Troc Ha Dong (completely shaven Dung in Ha Dong) and Huan Hoa Hong (Huan Rose).
They insult and curse others, and also post misleading, uncultured and even vulgar content.
In 2017, Le Thi Dao (of Dao Chi Le) cooperated with Le Van Phu (or Phu Le, born in 1980, Thanh Xuan District, Hanoi) and his wife La Thuy Kieu to film to sell goods online.
Later, Dao and the couple separated and did business on their own. Kieu and Dao posted videos to curse and challenge each other to meet in real life to ‘solve disputes’.
On July 18, 2020, Dao Chi Le posted a video showing her crying and denouncing La Thi Kieu for speaking ill of her.
|Many livestreams, where ‘social network gangsters’ feel free to curse and insult others, have been organized online, attracting thousands of likes.|
The video, which caught the attention of the community of netizens, was heard by La Thuy Kieu. This raised the level of tension between the two sides to a new high.
After a lot of online quarrels, on July 18, 2020, Phu Le sent people to meet Dao Chi Le, while promising to award VND20 million to those who beat Chi Le.
On August 2, 2020, Dao Chi Le, together with two young men, livestreamed in front of Phu Le’s home, saying that the couple did not dare to meet Le.
After that, Phu Le sent some people to harass them at Le’s house. Nguyen Thi Be, Le’s mother younger sister and Nguyen Thi Nga, Le’s mother, were injured by the people with an iron stick.
Phu and his partners were charged with intentionally causing injury.
However, the trial did not occur as planned, because the victim withdrew the denouncement.
The ‘thanh chui’ of 2018 was Ngo Ba Kha, born in 1993, in Bac Ninh, who became famous with hundreds of clips posted on YouTube and Facebook.
Kha mostly posted videos where he swore and traced social network accounts which had comments that offended him.
Kha also joined hands with Duong Minh Tuyen to post short films and videos on treating cases with ‘the rules of the underworld’.
One of his most ‘famous’ videos was the one which showed how he broke and burned his motorbike. The number of Kha’s channel views at times reached 2 million.
On April 2, 2019, Kha was arrested by Bac Ninh Police for gambling and organizing gambling. He tested positive for drugs.
At the hearing, Kha said he had finished the 7th grade, worked as a carpenter, went to reform school, was imprisoned once, and was once administratively handled for burning a car.
Kha was sentenced to 10 years and six month imprisonment.
Duong Minh Tuyen, born in 1986, is also a well known ‘thanh chui’.
Tuyen was known for his livestreams and videos on Facebook and YouTube which commented on events.
As of July 27, 2020, Tuyen’s YouTube channel had 750,000 subscribers, with a green check mark from YouTube.
However, there was no profanity or swearing on Tuyen’s videos, but threats to beat other people.
In January 2021, Ho Van Khoa, born in 1992 in Hanoi, warned Tuyen about a conflict between them.
The two sides had livestreams with offensive words and threats.
Through livestreams, the two sides decided to meet each other after a party at Le Van Thai’s home in Thanh Mien District of Hai Duong province, to ‘solve the dispute’.
On January 4, Tuyen came to Thai’s home, but Khoa did not appear. So Tuyen livestreamed and threw down a challenge to Khoa.
Replying to Tuyen, Khoa quietly came to the place where Tuyen had appeared and livestreamed and tried to shoot him.
The court sentenced Khoa to 39 months in prison.
However, the public is still not satisfied because there has been no judgment for those who intentionally spread toxic and harmful information to the community and society.
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