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High-speed railway imperative for Việt Nam’s development

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Passengers wait to board Shanghai’s high-speed train to Pudong airport, China. — AFP/VNA Photo

HÀ NỘI — Due to Việt Nam’s natural features and geography, the development of a high-speed railway is imperative and any delays will hinder socio-economic growth, Chairman of Vietnam Railways Vũ Anh Minh has said.

Minh said the current infrastructure of the railway network was getting older and falling into a state of disrepair.

The capacity was very low compared to the current demand for freight and passenger transport.

The railway sector has not improved as the capacity of a single track was only 21 pairs of trains per day.

The railroads were not regularly maintained and the quality of the infrastructure was severely degraded, he added.

Minh cited the Hà Nội-HCM City route as an example. Flying from Hà Nội to HCM City takes around two hours in total while a high-speed train travelling at 300 kph would take six hours.

According to the Ministry of Transport’s draft railway planning for the 2021-2030 period, the railway sector aims to meet the transport needs of 16.5 million tons of cargo and 30.9 million passengers by 2030.

These numbers would increase by 15 per cent and 19 per cent respectively by 2050.

To achieve this plan, the transport sector expected to get more than VNĐ665 trillion (US$28.9 million), of which investment for high-speed rail would account for VNĐ561 trillion ($24.3 million).

The consultant unit would calculate the investment for a high-speed railway, with a speed of 350kph for two north-south routes of Hà Nội-Vinh and HCM City-Nha Trang, with a length of 651km.

By 2050, the transport sector would continue to invest in high-speed rail on the Vinh-Nha Trang, Lào Cai-Hà Nội-Hải Phòng, Dĩ An-Lộc Ninh and Tháp Chàm-Đà Lạt routes, and then would expand to other routes nationwide.

Minh said that the Government has assigned the Ministry of Transport and is completing a project to build a high-speed railway system to submit to the National Assembly for approval.

Due to huge investment, Director of the Department of Corporate Finance under the Ministry of Finance Đặng Quyết Tiến said the State’s resources remained limited, so there was a need for different investment approaches.

“Choosing which route as a pilot must be calculated carefully. As for the capital source, once it is put into the public investment programme, there will be many ways to mobilise capital from the budget such as borrowing ODA capital or issuing government bonds,” he said.

“In the short term, there may be limited resources, but in the future, these projects must be taken into account in order to base the motivation to mobilise investment resources,” he said.

High-speed railway construction has always caused concerns and debate after it was proposed in the first place more than ten years ago. Three high-speed routes are currently under study or have been proposed: north-south, HCM City-Cần Thơ and Hà Nội-Lạng Sơn. —

 

 

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/920156/high-speed-railway-imperative-for-viet-nams-development.html

Society

Trà Vinh expands forest coverage

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Mangrove forest in Trà Vinh Province. – VNA/ Photo

TRÀ VINH – The Cửu Long (Mekong) Delta province of Trà Vinh plans to grow new forests from now to 2025, increasing the province’s total forest area to 10,000ha and reaching a forest coverage rate of 4.2 per cent.

To meet the targets, the province is providing funds to individuals, households and organisations responsible for growing new mangrove forests and protecting existing forests.

Individuals, households and organisations who grow new forests on an area of more than 0.3ha will receive no more than VNĐ37 million (US$1,600) per hectare to buy seedlings.

This is 4.5 times more than the financial assistance given previously.

Individuals and households responsible for protecting forests will be given VNĐ500,000 ($21) per hectare a year. The money will be provided for up to 15ha to individuals and 30ha to households.

Phạm Minh Truyền, director of the province’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said the support policies aim to protect the environment and protect against the impact of high tides, rising sea levels, and erosion along the province’s 65km coastline.

These support activities have helped to create livelihoods for households, especially shrimp – forest farms, that have provided sustainable incomes in coastal areas.

The province has more than 9,160ha of forests, mostly mangrove forests, and a forest coverage rate of 3.63 per cent, according to the department.

Of the total forest area, more than 4,000ha are planted by households in the coastal districts of Duyên Hải, Cầu Ngang, Châu Thành, and Duyên Hải Town.

The households also breed black-tiger shrimp or other aquatic species in the 4,000ha of mangrove forests.  

The shrimp – forest farming model requires low investment cost, has a low risk of disease, is environmentally friendly, and is sustainably efficient.

Households that breed shrimp or other aquatic species in mangrove forests earn an average income of VNĐ70 million ($3,000) per hectare a year, according to the department.

Last year, the province turned nearly 3,800ha of protective forests into commercial forests to improve incomes for households who protect and exploit forest resources. 

The move was done to improve the management and protection of forests.

The province has sought donations at home and abroad to grow forests and train human resources for forest management and protection.

It has also encouraged the use of advanced techniques, including the use of digital forest data at all management levels. 

In 2015 – 20, the province’s coastal districts of Duyên Hải, Cầu Ngang, Châu Thành, and Duyên Hải Town planted a total 625ha of new forests.

The province’s People’s Committee has zoned a total area of 23,984ha for forest development. –

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/925994/tra-vinh-expands-forest-coverage.html

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Four returnees diagnosed with Covid-19

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Medical workers of the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Hanoi take care of a Covid-19 patient. The Ministry of Health has reported four new imported Covid-19 cases – PHOTO: VNA

HCMC – The Ministry of Health has confirmed four fresh imported Covid-19 cases, including one in Kien Giang and three in Khanh Hoa, taking the country’s Covid-19 tally to 2,737 as of this morning, April 15.

Specifically, the case in Kien Giang is a 25-year-old man residing in Duong Kinh District, Haiphong City. On April 10, he entered Vietnam through the Ha Tien international border gate in Kien Giang and was quarantined in the province.

On April 13, he tested positive for Covid-19 and is being treated at the medical center of Ha Tien City.

The remaining patients include a woman and two men, aged 27, 32 and 26, respectively. The woman is a resident of Thua Thien-Hue Province, while the two men are from Ha Tinh Province.

They flew back to Vietnam from Japan through the Cam Ranh International Airport in Khanh Hoa on April 11 and were quarantined in the province. The three tested positive for Covid-19 on April 14 and are receiving treatment at the Khanh Hoa Hospital for Tropical Diseases.

Source: https://english.thesaigontimes.vn/81456/four-returnees-diagnosed-with-covid-19.html

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Breakfast @ Tien Phong News — April 15

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Read what is in the news today:

COVID-19 Updates

— Vietnam reported 20 imported cases of COVID-19 on Wednesday afternoon and Thursday morning, raising the national tally to 2,737 patients, with 2,445 recoveries and 35 virus-related deaths, according to the Ministry of Health

— Ho Chi Minh City medical authorities said on Wednesday that the city had yet to receive the protocol of ‘vaccine passports,’ which are COVID-19 vaccination certificates to be granted for international visitors and stranded Vietnamese to enter the country, from the National Steering Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control.

Society

— It is forecast to rain in the evening from Friday to April 23 in the southern Vietnamese region, according to the National Center for Hydro-meteorological Forecasting.

— More than 14 metric tons of fish died en masse due to an unknown reason on the section of the Ma River passing through Cam Thuy District in the north-central Vietnamese province of Thanh Hoa on Wednesday.

— Police in Ho Chi Minh City said on Wednesday that they had recently arrested a group of seven people for staging motorbike accidents on the streets to steal properties from commuters.

— One student has been successfully rescued from drowning while two others remain missing after a group of nine students went swimming at a local river in northern Phu Tho Province on Wednesday afternoon.

— An eighth-grade student critically knifed a seventh grader after being reprimanded by their school administrators for hitting the latter in southern Vinh Long Province on Wednesday afternoon.

— Two workers were dead and another was injured after a personnel lift overturned at a shipbuilding company in central Quang Ngai Province on Wednesday morning.

Business

— The 2021 Vietnam International Trade Fair (Vietnam Expo), the 30th edition of its kind, opened at the Hanoi International Exhibition Center on Wednesday.

— E-stamping, a computer-based application with product information that can be retrieved on state agencies’ websites, must be used for imported tobacco and alcohol products from July 2022, according to the Ministry of Finance’s new instruction.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20210415/breakfast-tuoi-tre-news-april-15/60369.html

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