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ICT can help Vietnam turn into a dragon

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After escaping poverty, we are carrying the aspiration of turning the country into a Dragon and a Tiger. In peacetime, national heroes will be those who bring prosperity and mightiness to the country.

The problem of bringing Vietnam “shoulder to shoulder with powers in the five continents” needs to be solved in 25 years, and the ICT industry needs to be 15 years ahead. The central responsibility in digital transformation and the mission of making Vietnam a high-income developed country has been given to the ICT sector. This great and honorable national mission requires the cooperation of the entire ICT forces, with the guidance of the Ministry of Information and Communications.

This was the message delivered by Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung at a meeting with representatives of the ICT industry on March 26. VietNamNet would like to introduce the full text of the speech:

Ngành ICT tiên phong trong việc đưa đất nước hoá Rồng

Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung

The 13th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam arouses the aspiration of building a prosperous and mighty Vietnam, turning Vietnam into a developed country with high income in 25 years, and it shows the way to the destination through science – technology and innovation, digital technology and digital transformation. The decisive factor for success is the work of building the strong and clean Party to lead the country.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is mainly related to the digital revolution. That is digital technology and digital transformation. Each new industrial revolution will create opportunities for only a few countries to make breakthrough to become developed countries. Those are the countries that are at the forefront of the new. If Vietnam wants to take advantage of this opportunity, it must go first.

The core of the digital revolution is the ICT industry. The nuclear responsibility in digital transformation, the mission of making Vietnam a high-income developed country has been given to the ICT sector, the ICT community, and ICT associations. Never before have we had such a great national mission. The responsibility is enormous, but it is also an honor.

History has given us the mission to be at the forefront once again. Twenty years, 30 years ago, it was at the forefront for Doi Moi (renovation), to get out of poverty. And now, we are no longer a low-income country. But once again we are a pioneer in turning the country into a Dragon, a Tiger and bring our country shoulder to shoulder with the powers of the five continents. But it is only 25 more years, not 100 years. That is, we talk about the mission, responsibility and work of the people who are sitting here today. We do not assign tasks to future generations. And so we need a different mindset, a different approach, and different thinking.

A new mission is always the beginning of change. In the past it was to catch up, compete with and then get ahead, but now it is to take the lead from the beginning. In the past it was outsourcing but now it is “Make In Vietnam”. In the past profit was the main target but now it is the national mission. Previously, we focused on exports, but now we emphasize the domestic market. Previously, we solved the Western problems, but now we solve the Vietnamese problems to help Vietnam develop and go to the world. Previously, we asked what the Government had done for us; now we ask what we have done for our Government, for our country. We saw more difficulties in the past, but now we see more opportunities. Previously, we performed from small to big, from easy to difficult things, but now we do the big thing first, the hard tasks first, because when we face big challenges, we will find breakthrough solutions and our ordinary people will become smarter.

Great challenges always need solidarity and cooperation. Vietnam has always been like that. In the past, our national heroes were those who contributed to drive away foreign invaders. But this is the first time that there is no foreign invasion but the aspiration for a mighty and prosperous Vietnam, a strong Vietnam so that no enemy will dare come to invade. And national heroes will be the ones who bring Vietnam to prosperity and mightiness.

This is the great mission of 100 years. And so, more than ever, the ICT field needs solidarity, teamwork, and unanimous sharing to take on big jobs. The ICT associations should solve the problem of cooperation in the industry, which is something we have not done well.

The Ministry of Information and Communications has a mission to lead the ICT industry of Vietnam. Strategic directions, major content were outlined in 2019-2020. That was the postal infrastructure with digital address platform to each household that will ensure the physical flow besides the flow of data. That was the telecommunications infrastructure to become digital infrastructure. That was digital transformation with three pillars of digital government, digital economy and digital society. That was the aim to have Vietnam become a cybersecurity powerhouse to protect Vietnam’s prosperity in cyberspace. To develop 100,000 Vietnamese digital technology enterprises with the mission of Make In Vietnam. To have Vietnam’s ICT enter the world’s top 50 in 2025 and the top 30 in 2030.

As the state management agency, the Ministry of Information and Communications is always interested in and creates all favorable conditions for ICT associations. The year 2021 will be the year of strongly implementing the new strategic directions of the sector. The Ministry of Information and Communications hopes that ICT associations and businesses will actively participate in realizing these strategies.

The year 2021 is the first year of a new period, not only for the ICT industry but also for Vietnam and the world. The year 2021 is not only a new year, but also the first year of a 5-year period for Vietnam to surpass the lower middle income, the first year of a 10-year period to 2030 when Vietnam will become an average income country and the first year of a period of 25 years for Vietnam to become a developed country with high income in 2045.

I hope that ICT associations, clubs and the business community will have a breakthrough in the coming period to make Vietnam a powerful country in ICT, contributing to the realization of the aspiration to build a prosperous and mighty Vietnam in the mid-century. Our ICT sector is the guiding field for Vietnam’s digital economy, and therefore, we must become an ICT powerhouse not in 2045 but in the decade of 2021 – 2030.

Minister Nguyen Manh Hung

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/ict-can-help-vietnam-turn-into-a-dragon-723615.html

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Vietnamese YouTubers claim they no longer produce content but videos still appear

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Most owners of the videos with titles “delete channel” and “last videos” on YouTube are still operating.

Vietnamese YouTubers claim they no longer produce content but videos still appear

Tho Nguyen last month decided to delete or hide all her videos and stop producing YouTube content

Tho Nguyen last month decided to delete or hide all her videos and stop producing YouTube content after the scandal related to the posting of a clip in which she was beseeching a doll to grant luck to students who have to attend upcoming exams.

More recently, ViruSs (Dang Tien Hoang) on April 1 stated he will erase the channel to renew himself. Prior to that, many disreputable YouTubers, including NTN, many times announced the leave. However, their video still appears regularly.

Vu Hung from Hoc Vien YouTube (YouTube Creator Academy) with 150,000 members commented that this is commonly seen, saying that content producers need to play tricks to attract viewers, because the more viewers, the bigger money they earn from ads.

According to Hung, when announcing their retirement from content production, YouTubers can attract old followers who have not accessed their channels for a long time, and now want look again to find out what is going on.

This is a good way to increase the number of interactions for the channels, which have high numbers of subscribers but have seen number of views decreasing because of algorithm changes, consumer behavior, overlapped content scanning, and copyright problems.

According to Hung, the decision of Tho Nguyen to stop producing content and hiding her video clips to avoid negative reports and public pressure, was a wise move.

ViruSs and NTN (Nguyen Thanh Nam) are similar cases. “They stopped producing content on their channels to avoid additional reports,” he said.

And when old channels reappear, content producers can lure high numbers of viewers back and fans will be willing to click ‘follow’ again.

Hung noted that there is a difference between Vietnamese and foreign viewers. Vietnamese viewers are not as choosy when deciding to follow channels. In many cases, they click ‘follow’ just because of the invitations of channels’ owners.

Meanwhile, in YouTubers’ groups, members invite each other to subscribe, and buy views and subscribers. The announcement about content production therefore has little significance.

Nguyen Hai (Rikaki Gaming, 1.62 million subscribers), a creator, said these YouTubers are rich but still have to produce clips to attract views.

“YouTubers will ‘retire’ only if no one is interested in them, and they won’t stop working just because of scandals or criticism,” Hai said. 

Phuong Nguyen

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/vietnamese-youtubers-claim-they-no-longer-produce-content-but-videos-still-appear-727718.html

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Project to implement Paris Agreement in Việt Nam to be sped up

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A traffic jam during rush hour in Thanh Xuân District in Hà Nội. Vehicle emission is one of Việt Nam’s biggest source of pollution. — VNA/ Photo

HÀ NỘI — The Steering Committee of the project ‘Support to Việt Nam for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement’ (VN-SIPA) held its second meeting in Hà Nội yesterday with the participation of representatives from ministries, sectors, and localities.

Addressing the meeting, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Lê Công Thành highlighted the project’s support in implementing Việt Nam’s nationally determined contributions (NDC) and the Paris Agreement on climate change.

To speed up the project, he asked participants to make proposals and discuss the 2021 plan, especially activities relating to State management of climate change and enhancing Việt Nam’s role and responsibility as a signatory to the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Weert Borner, Deputy Ambassador of Germany in Việt Nam, noted Việt Nam was one of the first countries to build an action plan to realise the Paris Agreement and one of the first to submit and update its NDC.

He said the VN-SIPA supports Việt Nam in creating the necessary conditions for the deal, to mitigate the impacts of climate change and bring environmental and socio-economic benefits for the country.

Phạm Văn Tấn, Vice Director of the Climate Change Administration at the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, said as COVID-19 is still a major issue, ministries and localities should prepare alternative measures and speed up the implementation of approved plans.

Kia Fariborz, Chief Advisor of the VN-SIPA project, said last year, Việt Nam completed and updated its NDC report in September, a move lauded by the international community as it was one of the first 20 countries to do so.

The four-year VN-SIPA project was approved by former Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc on April 3, 2019, and has a total cost of 10.3 million euros (US$12.31 million), funded by non-refundable official development assistance (ODA) from Germany. It aims to strengthen the legal framework and national capacity in implementing the Paris Agreement, with the core conducting Việt Nam’s NDC.

So far, it has assisted in the building of a climate change programme in the revised Law on Environmental Protection 2020 as well as climate change management documents and sectoral plans for climate change response. It has defined solutions in the central provinces of Quảng Bình and Hà Tĩnh based on their local ecosystems. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/926003/project-to-implement-paris-agreement-in-viet-nam-to-be-sped-up.html

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Female scientist with PhD in immunology pursues research on rare diseases

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Tran Nguyen Kim Thi is a postdoc majoring in AI usage in medicine at the Huge Kaul Precision Medicine Institute at the University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB) in the US.

Female scientist with PhD in immunology pursues research on rare diseases

She obtained a doctorate in immunology in 2020 with research work on the factors of the immune system that affect chronic lung diseases.

Her research found that in patients suffering from uncommon pulmonary fibrosis of unknown origin, their immune systems have a variety of disorders that lead to immune cells attacking their lungs. The damages that accumulate over time turn into hard scarring that replaces normal lung tissue, impairing the lung’s air exchange function.

“The result of the research has been used by Prof Steven Duncan, my teacher, to apply therapies or drugs that eliminate or inhibit the production of new antibodies to treat patients with severe pulmonary fibrosis,” she said.

“Clinical experiments show very satisfactory results. About 50 percent of serious patients under the treatment of the professor have shown improvements. Some people who seem to be dying can get up and walk,” she said.

However, Thi did not continue the project for her postdoc research. She decided to shift to do research on the application of AI in biomedicine. She no longer carries out experiments at biochemical laboratories, but does mostly programming at the computer.

“There is a bitter truth that the percentage of successful research in biomedicine laboratories, as well as other experimental sciences, is very modest. About 90 percent of projects of new researchers fail. There are researchers who still cannot gain achievements after five years to complete their doctoral course,” Thi said, explaining her decision.

Another reason that led to her shift was that she believed she could help many people more directly and quickly with her current work – using AI in medicine to treat patients suffering from uncommon diseases, than by implementing biomedical projects as she did in the past.

Previously, her research was in severe and uncommon chronic lung diseases, including pulmonary fibrosis of unknown origin which has the rate of 1/10,000 people a year.

Now her research is applied to very rare diseases, with only few individuals in the world have, mostly because of genetic causes. The symptoms of the diseases show very early. Patients’ relatives come to precision medicine institutes to find the answers why their children have the disease.

Liberal education

“I believed that studying at the (liberal arts) school would promote my abilities. If I had studied at a normal school, I would not have followed the path of doing scientific research that I am doing now because of the common thought that women should study economics, trade or finance,”

Tran Nguyen Kim Thi

Fifteen years ago, Thi, who was a ninth grader at a small school in Di Linh, Lam Dong province, decided to leave her hometown for Da Lat City to study at the city’s school for the gifted.

After finishing high school, she passed the entrance exam to the Foreign Trade University, a prestigious school. However, she left the school after one semester, which was a shocking decision in the eyes of her friends and relatives.

She then spent time on learning English, attended standardized tests, prepared essays and searched for information to apply for full scholarships.

Thi chose St John’s College, a liberal arts school, which offered a scholarship of $200,000 for four-year study.

“I believed that studying at the school would promote my abilities. If I had studied at a normal school, I would not have followed the path of doing scientific research that I am doing now because of the common thought that women should study economics, trade or finance,” she said.

When following tertiary education, Thi spent her internship at a lab on immunology because she once suffered from an autoimmune disease.

“When learning about my disease, I read a lot of documents and found it very interesting, so I decided to study immunology in the second year at school,” she recalled.

Thi got a letter of introduction from a teacher, which helped her obtain a scholarship.

When asked if it was hectic doing and studying many things, she admitted that she sometimes felt giddy.

“However, modern society needs people with specialized knowledge and broad knowledge. It would be better if you have deep and broad knowledge. For me, broad understanding both helps society and makes my life more interesting,” she said.

Thi’s life can be seen in her images of a young, healthy woman on her personal page. She travels, does physical exercise, participates in festivals, and has a special passion for dancing.

Because of her appearance and personality, she sometimes has trouble because she “does not look like a researcher”.

“Asian people are thought to study well, work hard, have few opinions, and be reserved. But I don’t look like this,” she explained.

Thi is now striving for a balanced life and doesn’t spend all her time on her career.

“I believe that I will learn all my life. I realize that what I like to do is to learn. But this doesn’t mean that I have to study at school, because there are many ways to learn. You can learn something from an article in a fashion journal,” she said. 

Ngan Anh – Phuong Thu

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/female-scientist-with-phd-in-immunology-pursues-research-on-rare-diseases-727444.html

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