HCM CITY — India and Việt Nam are experiencing an increase in diabetes cases, with a doubling of the number of cases every 10 years, health experts said at a webinar on “India- Việt Nam Thematic Partnership on Diabetes” held on Saturday.
Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Dung, president of HCM City Medical Association, said: “In Việt Nam, 3.5 million people with diabetes were reported in 2015 by the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas, and this number is forecasted to increase to 6.1 million by 2040.”
According to a Health Ministry 2015 survey, the prevalence of diabetes in the 50-69 age group in Việt Nam was 7.7 per cent and was becoming younger.
“Only 31.1 per cent of diabetic patients are diagnosed. Most of them go to the hospital in the late stage. So, early detection helps patients save treatment costs and minimize complications, and we know that complications from diabetes are often very serious and most of the cost of treatment is to treat complications,” Dung said.
Dr Mai Trọng Trí of the endocrinology department at People’s Hospital 115 said: “Diabetic foot syndrome prevalence in Việt Nam is common and increasing.”
Screening is very important to detect the disease early, Trí said, adding: “Multidisciplinary approaches in treatment of the syndrome are done to improve patient’s outcome.”
Three-minute foot exams for diabetic patients in primary and diabetic care clinics in rural regions in Việt Nam have been provided, he added.
Dr Nguyễn Thy Khuê, vice president of HCMC Medical Association and president of Diabetes Association, said that most of the latest medicines to treat diabetes are available in the country and covered by health insurance.
In the country’s rural areas, access to this medicine is limited but those with sufficient financial resources can go to large cities such as Hà Nội and HCM City for treatment, Khuê said.
The cost for diabetes treatment, especially complications such as diabetic foot syndrome, is very high, she added.
One of the most effective treatments is to change lifestyle and exercise, she said.
In the early stages, patients only need to eat the right way and do exercise, she added.
Ambassador of India to Vietnam H.E. Pranay Verma said that India is among the top 10 countries with the highest diabetes incidences in the world, with 77 million patients. One in six people suffers from diabetes.
Indian and Vietnamese doctors are collaborating in treatment, especially for diabetes, Verma said.
Indian doctors said that awareness among the general population is crucial. All diabetics need risk assessment and evaluation for liver involvement. Diabetes as well as liver disease is a “ticking bomb”.
Professor Jayanta Panda of the Srirama Chandra Bhanja Medical College said that the burden of diabetes in the young is significant as over 40 per cent of Indian population is under 29 years old.
Type 1 diabetes was previously thought to be only a form of diabetes in youth, but type 2 diabetes increasingly has been reported among youth, Panda said.
The webinar was held by the Consulate General of India in HCM City and the HCM City Medical Association to share information and experiences among colleagues in Việt Nam and India.
It featured presentations about the early onset of Type 2 Diabetes, fatty liver disease in diabetic patients, risk factors and clinical profiles of Asian diabetic patients with a focus on the similarities between Vietnamese and Indians, and a diabetic foot programme which reflects the endeavours of specialists in Việt Nam to coordinate multidisciplinary action to care for this common complication and improve its prognosis.
The Consulate General of India said this was the first time the Consulate had organised a medical webinar between doctors from India and Việt Nam. More webinars are planned on kidney, heart, liver, brain, spine and other medical subjects.
Vietnam confirms 59 new local Covid-19 cases
Health authorities confirmed 59 new local Covid-19 cases Friday evening, raising the national tally in the fourth wave starting April 27 to 9,173.
Of the new cases, 30 were recorded in HCMC, 19 in Bac Giang, six in Bac Ninh, three in Ha Tinh and one in Hoa Binh.
All the cases in the northern provinces of Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hoa Binh are associated with current outbreaks in the industrial parks there. The cases in HCMC and Ha Tinh are related to the previously confirmed Covid-19 patients.
Vietnam recorded 259 community transmissions in total Friday. Eighty discharges the same day raised the total number of recoveries to 4,733.
Of the 9,173 domestic cases recorded in 41 localities in the latest Covid-19 wave, Bac Giang, neighboring Bac Ninh and HCMC account for 5,083, 1,470 and 1,346, respectively.
Three foreign education quality accreditation centres licensed in Vietnam
Deputy Minister of Education and Training Hoang Minh Son has signed a decision allowing three foreign centres for education quality accreditation to operate in Vietnam.
FPT University completes quality accreditation in line with new assessment standards (Photo: FTU)
Accordingly, the Foundation for International Business Administration Accreditation (FIBAA), the Agency for Quality Assurance (AQAS) and the Accreditation Agency for Study Programmes in Engineering, Informatics, Natural Sciences and Mathematics (ASIIN), which are based in Germany, will operate in Vietnam for five years.
Of the organisations, ASIIN and AQAS have been recognised by the German Accreditation Council.
FIBAA was licensed to implement evaluation and recognition of higher education establishments and programmes in the fields of law, business, management, social science and social and behavioral sciences.
Meanwhile, ASIIN will provide evaluation and recognition of higher education institutions and training programmes specialising in natural sciences, engineering and statistics, computing and information technology, educational science, and teacher training.
AQAS is allowed to evaluate and recognise higher education institutions and training programmes at all levels in line with Vietnam’s regulations./.
HCM City leads national COVID tally on Friday with highest daily increase
HÀ NỘI — HCM City broke its record daily increase of new COVID-19 cases on Friday with 149 locally-transmitted infections. A day earlier, it reported 137 cases, according to the Health Ministry.
Việt Nam confirmed 264 new cases of COVID-19 on Friday, including five imported and 259 locally-transmitted infections.
Among the domestic infections, 149 were found in HCM City, 76 in Bắc Giang, 16 in Bắc Ninh,12 in Bình Dương, three in Hà Tĩnh, two in Hòa Bình and one in Lào Cai. Of them, 232 were detected in quarantine or locked down areas.
So far, the country has recorded 12,414 COVID-19 cases, including 10,755 domestic and 1,669 imported infections. The number of cases since the fourth wave of the pandemic began on April 27 has reached 9,172.
The ministry said as many as 4,733 patients have recovered from COVID-19 so far, as 80 of them were given the all-clear on Friday. Meanwhile the death toll reached 62 as the latest death was reported on Friday afternoon.
Twenty-four provinces have gone 14 days without detecting new cases.
By Friday evening, nearly two million vaccine doses have been administered, with 89,833 people fully vaccinated with two shots. About 14-20 per cent of the vaccinated people experienced post-vaccination reactions, equal to the proportion stated by vaccine producers and the World Health Organization.
Regarding vaccination against COVID-19 for elderly people and people with underlying medical conditions such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity, Dương Thị Hồng, deputy director of the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology said that they were among vulnerable groups facing a high risk of COVID-19 infection, so they needed to get vaccinated. However, the vaccination would be delivered to them only when they were in stable health conditions with health indicators in normal limits, Hồng said.
HCM City’s vaccination drive with nearly 800,000 vaccine doses donated by Japan to Việt Nam would begin on Saturday. —
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