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Mekong Delta faces challenge to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in rice farming

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Rice production is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture, and how to reduce the emissions while still ensuring food security and raising farmers’ income 

in the Mekong Delta is now a hard nut to crack to many.

Mekong Delta faces challenge to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in rice farming hinh anh 1

Rice cultivation emits the most greenhouse gas in agriculture at present.

The key rice farming zone of Vietnam has about 3.9 – 4 million ha under rice and produces 23.8 – 24 million tonnes of the unhusked grain each year, accounting for over half of the total rice farming area and output in the country.

Current farming techniques can help increase productivity and output but also result in more greenhouse gas emissions.

Chairman of the Ho Chi Minh City High Technology Association Dao Ha Trung said the Mekong Delta is tasked with helping guarantee food security, but rice cultivation emits the most greenhouse gas in agriculture.

Le Thanh Tung, Deputy Director of the Crop Production Department at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, said Vietnam has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to the international community, but there remain obstacles and challenges to the realisation of that pledge.

Localities have been focusing on boosting rice productivity and output to achieve fast GDP growth, other economic targets, and guarantee national food security. Given this, they haven’t managed to combine food security, economic development, and social security targets with emission reduction ones. In addition, low-carbon rice production remains costly, making farmers reluctant to adopt the practice, he noted.

Trung held that apart from increasing communications about climate change impacts, State agencies need to change policies and measures for cutting emissions such as applying technology to production and management, instead of merely providing financial support for climate change response.

Fighting climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions are an essential task that must centre on people, he said, adding that without concrete benefits, it is hard to persuade farmers to join hands in low-carbon production.

Therefore, it is necessary to raise income for rice farmers who practice low-carbon cultivation by adopting production chain management so as to control every step in the chain, Trung went on.

Nguyen Van Toan from the research institute for agricultural and rural planning said to reduce about 10 percent of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, it is essential to boost communications to raise farmers’ awareness of the issue. Besides, as farmers are direct producer of the grain, they need to grasp measures for cutting emissions such as turning rice straw into a resource instead of burning it.

About 42 – 45 million tonnes of rice straw is there to be treated in the country every year. If straw is used for different purposes in value chains, it will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, straw mixed with certain substances will become fertiliser, which will save 3.5 trillion VND (over 152 million USD) – a considerable profit for farmers, according to him./.

Source: VNA

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/business/mekong-delta-faces-challenge-to-reducing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-rice-farming-804136.html

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Upgrading the market for the sake of all participants

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An employee passes electronic boards showing share prices inside Hồ Chí Minh Stock Exchange in HCM City. — VNA/ Photo Hữu Khoa

HÀ NỘI — An upgrade to emerging status will not only help the stock market develop quickly, transparently and sustainably, but also attract huge foreign capital inflows, said experts. 

Recently, the Government has directed to purge the market and improve the trading system’s capacity, showing its determination to enhance the quality of the stock market.

The refinement is to protect investors and open a door for the Vietnamese stock market to be upgraded from a frontier to an emerging market.

Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính has taken an interest in the development of the capital market and the stock market, including the matter of upgrading the market. 

During a trip to attend the ASEAN-US Special Summit, on May 16, the PM visited the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) – the largest stock exchange in the world – hoping it supports and shares experience to develop an effective and sustainable stock market in Việt Nam, and successfully build a regional financial centre. 

PM Chính also expected the NYSE and its Vietnamese partners to foster a sustainable, mutually beneficial partnership, contributing to making the Việt Nam-US comprehensive partnership more substantive and effective.

On the occasion, PM Chính witnessed the awarding ceremony of two cooperation documents in the fields of finance, banking and investment funds between Vietnamese and US partners, including a cooperation document between the Vietnamese State Securities Commission (SSC) and the NYSE regarding support to upgrade the country’s stock market and build a mechanism for investors to participate in both stock markets.

Previously, the PM chaired a conference on developing a safe, transparent, efficient and sustainable capital market to stabilise the macro-economy and ensure major balances of the economy.

At the conference, PM Chính also asked the Ministry of Finance to immediately solve the order congestion situation and invest in technological innovation and digital technology application, while urgently implementing measures to upgrade the market from frontier to emerging status to attract investment capital, especially foreign investment.

Dominic Scriven, head of the Việt Nam Business Forum’s (VBF) Capital Markets Working Group, said that the move to purify the market is a great effort and determination from the Government.

As the goal is to build and develop a safe, transparent and sustainable securities market, cleansing the market will ensure the interests of businesses and genuine investors, increase the stock market’s appeal, and attract more investment capital flows both at home and abroad.

Meanwhile, Phạm Lưu Hưng, chief economist of SSI Securities Company (SSI), said that the move to purge the market in recent years raised expectations that the upgrade process will be easier. Hưng hoped that in the next assessment, the Market Rating Organization (MSCI) will note some positive comments about what Việt Nam has done.

According to Minister of Finance Hồ Đức Phớc, the ministry is currently working with international organisations to deploy solutions to upgrade the stock market by 2025 as per the set roadmap.

Huge foreign capital inflows

Analysts believe that the upgrade from frontier to emerging status will be an important driving force for the market.

Zafer Mustafaoglu, World Bank (WB) Practice Manager for Finance, Competitiveness and Innovation (FCI) for East Asia and Pacific, said that the capital market development is a long-term effort, and there is still much work to be done in Việt Nam.

Upgrading to emerging market status is not only an improvement in position, but also signals strong enhancement in quality with a solid market foundation.

Upgrading to an emerging market also attracts the attention of high-ranking international investors to Việt Nam. In the stock market, upgrading to an emerging market could result in an additional US$10 billion in new investment for the country. The first year alone can receive an additional $2-5 billion.

According to Nguyễn Minh Tuần, General Director of AFA Capital Investment JSC, the criteria for upgrading from frontier to emerging status focus on two main factors – size and liquidity of the market (quantitative) and market access (qualitative).

In terms of size and liquidity, there are four criteria which are the number of companies included in the Standard Index, total market capitalisation, floating capitalisation and market liquidity. Việt Nam has almost met three standards, he said. 

The main issue is qualitative standards. In the latest ranking in June 2021, there are nine criteria that the country has not yet met, including the ownership rate, ownership restrictions and equal rights of foreign investors.

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/economy/1194077/upgrading-the-market-for-the-sake-of-all-participants.html

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EVN accelerating projects to gear up for hot season

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EVN workers checks electricity equipment. — VNA/  Photo

HÀ NỘI — Vietnam Electricity (EVN) said it is accelerating power generation and grid projects, especially urgent infrastructure, to ensure supplies in the hot season.

The State-owned group said in the first four months of 2022, the firm and its subsidiaries had started work on 30 projects and put into use 31 grid facilities between 110kV – 500kV.

It cited meteorological forecasting centres as saying that heatwaves this year are likely to appear in the northern and central regions later than usual, but won’t be too severe.

Power demand in the north is unlikely to rise sharply in May, and daily consumption will be around 805 million kWh.

EVN noted that this month, it is working to guarantee supply for production and business activities as well as daily life, especially the 31st Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games 31) and the 15th National Assembly’s third session.

It is maintaining high water levels at multi-purpose hydropower plants in the north, operating thermal power plants in the region, and importing about 540MW of electricity in May.

Its subsidiaries were also requested to ensure power supply in the dry season, ready manpower and equipment for any possible incidents due to natural disasters, and recommend people, agencies and factories use electricity in a safe and economical manner.

In April, the entire EVN system produced 22.62 billion kWh of electricity, up 1.9 per cent year-on-year. That added up to a four-month figure of 85.65 billion kWh, increasing 6.2 per cent. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/economy/1194045/evn-accelerating-projects-to-gear-up-for-hot-season.html

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Deputy Finance Minister Nguyễn Đức Chi takes charge of the State Securities Commission

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Deputy Finance Minister Nguyễn Đức Chi. — Photo vtv.vn

HÀ NỘI — Minister of Finance Hồ Đức Phớc had assigned Deputy Finance Minister Nguyễn Đức Chi to take charge of the State Securities Commission (SSC) from May 19.

In a dispatch to the SSC, Minister Phớc stated that Deputy Minister Chi will manage the commission during the consideration and completion of personnel for the commission.

Earlier on May 18, the Party Central Committee’s Inspection Commission announced the inspection conclusions and Party disciplinary measures on the SSC Party Committee in the 2015-20 tenure and relevant individuals. Right after that, the Ministry of Finance directed the SSC, stock exchanges, the Việt Nam Securities Depository and relevant agencies to review and implement measures to remedy the violations and shortcomings.

Specifically, the ministry dismissed Trần Văn Dũng from the position of the Chairman of the SSC, while giving a warning to Vũ Bằng, former secretary of the SSC Party Committee in the 2015-20 tenure and former SSC Chairman.

Warnings were given to Nguyễn Thành Long, secretary of the Hà Nội Stock Exchange Party Committee; and Nguyễn Sơn, chairman of the management board of the Việt Nam Securities Depository for their wrongdoings during their tenures. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/economy/1194041/deputy-finance-minister-nguyen-duc-chi-takes-charge-of-the-state-securities-commission.html

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