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Mekong Delta to adapt to the climate in recovery from pandemic

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Public officials and experts gathered at the online seminar “Mekong Delta: Adapting to the climate and recovering from the pandemic.” — Photo baochinhphu.vn

HÀ NỘI — Experts and public officials believe that regional connection and agricultural economic development in the Mekong Delta need to be continued, as discussed in a seminar on Thursday.

Addressing the event, Dr. Võ Tòng Xuân, rector of Nam Cần Thơ University, emphasised that the Government’s resolution on the sustainable development of the Mekong Delta in adapting to climate change (Resolution 120) was a timely initiative, especially when climate change has been causing a significant impact on the region and the world. 

“In the four years following Resolution 120, it is evident that provinces, ministries and departments have been moving in the direction of adapting to the climate to develop the Mekong Delta, and the agricultural economy,” said Dr. Xuân.

While acknowledging the efforts of local authorities and people in improving the farming systems, he also noted that transformation remained stagnant in several areas, while farmers still have to figure things out on their own. 

“I hope that in the near future the Government will deploy a more specific plan to ensure the direction of adapting to the climate,” said Dr. Xuân.

“Departments and farmers should also sit down and discuss with businesses of major production outputs for better results following the resolution.”  

According to Nguyễn Đình Thọ, director of the Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, it has been a difficult year for the Mekong Delta and the country due to the impact of COVID-19.

To ensure the implementation of Resolution 120, it is necessary to focus on solutions adapted to the climate and suitable to the environment. 

Việt Nam is currently carrying out the Regional Development Plan to 2030, which is an opportunity to develop integrated planning that is appropriate to the ecosystem and the surrounding landscape. 

The plan is also expected to create favourable conditions for businesses and people in developing a regional connection, especially between HCM City and the southeastern region of the country. 

“Connecting to HCM City is of utmost importance. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment also determined that the priority is to develop infrastructure planning for industrial parks and urban areas that can adapt to change and the ecosystem,” said Thọ.

He also added that if the task was well-executed, public investment would produce great results and can attract numerous resources.

According to Dr. Trần Thục, vice chairman of the Advisory Council for the National Committee on Climate Change, it is necessary to have an integrated master plan for the whole Mekong Delta, which would be implemented in localities and clusters.

Trần Quang Hoài, director-general of Việt Nam Disaster Management Agency (under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development – MARD), also reported that the ministry had been drastically implementing the Government’s directions on adapting to the climate, with agricultural production plan tailored to freshwater, brackish water, and saline water.

“In regard to disaster management, it is a must to put humans at the focus and adapt to the climate. We cannot just build structures everywhere, as many areas are not favourable for construction,” said Hoài.

He also added that the MARD and local and international scientists agreed that infrastructure building must be appropriate to the actual situation in the Mekong Delta and climate change.

The Government had also been working on science-technology programmes regarding disaster management, which includes the Mekong Delta region. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/1107265/mekong-delta-to-adapt-to-the-climate-in-recovery-from-pandemic.html

Sci-tech-environment

Vietnamese spends $1.1 billion on food delivery apps

In Vietnam, overall spending on food delivery services reached $1.1 billion in 2022. As of now, the most popular services are Grab and ShopeeFood.

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According to Momentum Works, Southeast Asian nations’ total expenditure (GMV) on food delivery services in 2022 reached $16.3 billion, up 5% following two years of a delivery boom due to Covid-19.

For the first time in three years, growth in the area was mostly driven by small-scale markets such as the Philippines (up $0.8 billion), Malaysia (up $0.6 billion), and Vietnam (up $0.3 billion).

As Covid-19 became an endemic illness and economies reopened, GMV in bigger markets such as Singapore (down $0.4 billion), Thailand (down $0.4 billion), and Indonesia (down $0.1 billion) dropped.

Grab and ShopeeFood are the two most popular applications in Vietnam, with 45% and 41% of the GMV market share, respectively. The remainder is split between Baemin (12%) and Gojek (2%).

As of the end of 2022 in Southeast Asia, Grab’s GMV is estimated to reach $8.8 billion, accounting for 54% of overall GMV in the area and rising by 16% year on year.

Foodpanda is estimated to contribute $3.1 billion, accounting for 19% of the region’s GMV and reflecting a 9% decrease; Gojek and ShopeeFood still maintain the same GMV level in 2021, reaching $2 billion and $0.9 billion respectively.

Source: ZingNews

Source: https://e.nhipcaudautu.vn/tech/vietnamese-spends-11-billion-on-food-delivery-apps-3350239/

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Sci-tech-environment

Apple to begin producing MacBooks in Vietnam by the mid-2023: Nikkei Asia

The American tech giant Apple plans to shift some MacBook manufacturers to Vietnam for the first time in 2023 as tensions between Washington and Beijing over technology continue to rise.

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According to Nikkei Asia, Apple has contracted with Taiwan’s Foxconn to begin producing MacBooks in the country of Southeast Asia in May 2022.

For all of its key product lines, Apple has been seeking to build production facilities outside of China. Still, the final one, the MacBook, it has taken longer due to the intricate supply chain required for producing laptop computers.

Almost two years ago, the company has planned to move some MacBook manufacturers to Vietnam, where a trial production line has already been set up. 

Apple produces between 20 and 24 million MacBooks annually, with factories situated in the Chinese cities of Chengdu, the Sichuan area, and Shanghai.

For China, the loss of control over MacBook manufacturing represents a general deterioration in its role as the world’s factory. 

Since former U.S. President Donald Trump began a trade war against China, major electronics manufacturers like Apple, HP, Dell, Google, and Meta have all announced at least some preparations to relocate production and sourcing away from the nation.

The majority of data center servers manufactured for companies with U.S. customers, including Google, Meta, Amazon, and Microsoft, are now produced in Taiwan, Mexico, or Thailand.

Apple has regarded China as its most significant assembly base for many years, but in 2022, that successful formula ended. 

Due to a lengthy COVID lockout in the spring, important MacBook and iPhone production facilities in Shanghai experienced significant interruptions. 

Apple issued a warning in November on delays in the premium iPhone 14 Pro and 14 Pro Max’s Christmas deliveries, citing labor shortages caused by the epidemic at its most significant production facility in Zhengzhou, Henan province.

AirPods, which began commercial manufacturing in Vietnam in 2020, served as the catalyst for Apple’s expansion into that country. Nikkei Asia was the first to reveal that the business moved some of the production of Apple Watches and iPads there this year. 

Source: Nikkei Asia

Source: https://e.nhipcaudautu.vn/tech/apple-to-begin-producing-macbooks-in-vietnam-by-the-mid-2023-nikkei-asia-3350198/

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Saigon hi-tech park earns $23 billion from exports

The Saigon Hi-Tech Park (SHTP), home to 162 projects worth over $12 billion, obtained $23 billion from exports in 2022.

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The export turnover was more than $10 billion and $20.9 billion in 2017 and 2021, respectively.

According to Le Thi Bich Loan, deputy head of the SHTP management board, the park has become a trustworthy destination for global high-tech powerhouses with the presence of over 10 international conglomerates in the field, including Intel, Jabil, Rockwell Automation, Nidec, Nipro, Samsung, and Sonion.

Established in 2002, the park has seen its accumulated production value reaching $120 billion so far. It now houses 51 foreign-invested projects worth $10.1 billion.

By 2025, the SHTP aims to become a smart technology park and the core of the interactive and innovative urban area in Ho Chi Minh’s eastern part, contributing to the city’s socio-economic development. In addition, it plans to attract investment of around $3 billion in 50 hi-tech projects and establish at least one global hi-tech enterprise.

To achieve these goals, the park is going to accelerate investment projects for its scientific space with a total surface area of 93ha.

It will increase the link between its enterprises and universities and research institutes in the region, especially the Vietnam National University-HCM City (VNU-HCM), in order to increase the proportion of hi-tech products by domestic companies.

Source: VietnamPlus

Source: https://e.nhipcaudautu.vn/tech/saigon-hi-tech-park-earns-23-billion-from-exports-3349916/

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