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Number of Vietnamese botnet IPs falls sharply

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The number of Vietnam’s botnet IPs has decreased from 2 million to 1.3 million as a result of the 2020 campaign on checking and removing malware nationwide.

The results of the second phase of the campaign have been released by Tran Quang Hung, director of the National Cyber Security Center (NCSC) under the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC).

Number of Vietnamese botnet IPs falls sharply

NCSC’s report showed that over the last three weeks, the campaign has received a great response from the community with over 5 million approaches to the campaign via the web and social networks.

Many individuals and organizations have joined forces to check and remove malware from thousands of infected computers of individuals and businesses, free of charge. The number of individuals and organizations giving feedback to the campaign has reached over 17,000.

From September 18 to October 11, more than 900,000 computers were checked for malware. Malware was found on 300,000 computers and removed, which accounted for one-third of total computers checked.

On October 1, on the website of the campaign at https://khonggianmang.vn/chiendich2020, NCSC displayed a real time map with updates about malware detection in the northern, central and southern regions. This helps measure the results of the large-scale malware removal campaign.

As a campaign for the community targeting individuals and businesses, ‘Checking and removing malware nationwide in 2020’ has been implemented by NCSC in coordination with large firms, both Vietnamese and foreign, including VNPT, Viettel, BKAV, FPT, CMC, Hanoi Telecom, NetNam, SCTV, SPT, Kaspersky, Bitdefender, Eset, F-Secure, FireEye and Group IB.

Under the campaign, launched on September 18 and implemented on a large scale, the tools examine computers and remove malicious code to ensure safety for users in Vietnam’s cyberspace, and to promote the digital transformation of the country.

Malware prevention software products are updated and available for free use through https://khonggianmang.vn.

One of the goals of the 2020 nationwide campaign on checking and removing malware is a 50 percent reduction of malware infection rate, and 50 percent reduction of IP addresses in 10 popular botnet networks.

NCSC cited surveys by security firms as showing that malware infections in Vietnam have decreased recently, but still are higher than in many other countries.

Statistics showed that in mid-September, Vietnam had 16 million IPv4 addresses, including 3 million IP addresses often found on black lists of many international organizations, and 2 million IP addresses in large botnets.

Dr Pham Anh Tuan, deputy director of the Vietnam Institute of Digital Transformation and Innovation, said in the period of digital transformation, data are valuable assets, but there are latent security risks.

He praised the malware removal campaign because of its practicality which helps heighten awareness about information security. 

Trong Dat

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/number-of-vietnamese-botnet-ips-falls-sharply-680880.html

Sci-tech-environment

What cause disasters in central Vietnam?

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Many people have died in the central region, thousands of people are living outdoors, and infrastructure has been destroyed by floods and landslides. Why does the central region suffer from disasters every year?

Many people have died in the central region, thousands of people are living outdoors, and infrastructure has been destroyed by floods and landslides. Why does the central region suffer from disasters every year? 

Objective reasons

Thủ phạm gây thảm họa ở miền Trung

Prolonged heavy rains cause water levels in Quang Binh’s rivers to rise, inundating more than 71,000 houses. Photo: Thanh Tung

In the central region, with its typical characteristics of heavy rains and floods, the river bed is steep and narrow, and the river mouth is alluvial and changes each year. There are many weak geological areas… The area often suffers great losses during the annual flood season. 

The total cumulative rainfall from October 15 to October 19 was very high. In the provinces from Thanh Hoa to Nghe An, rainfall was from 260-220 mm. It was 450-840 mm in the provinces from Ha Tinh to Thua Thien – Hue, and 80-115 mm in the southern part of the central region (190-320 mm in the provinces from Da Nang to Quang Ngai).

Subjective reasons 

Scientists have warned that humans will have to pay high costs for the destruction of nature. The lack of a plan for sustainable socio-economic development, which causes chaos in building infrastructure, has made the task of preventing natural disasters more difficult.

Thủ phạm gây thảm họa ở miền Trung

A seriously eroded road in Huong Hoa district, Quang Tri province on October 23. Photo: Phan Vinh

Weather forecasts and warnings have not kept up with unusual weather developments. The construction of roads that are perpendicular to the flow, with insufficient apertures for drainage, causes great fluctuation in the water levels between regions. Unreasonable hydropower development and infrastructure construction, and deforestation also contribute significantly to natural disasters. 

In hydropower planning studies, the task of flood reduction and supplying additional water to the downstream during the dry season has been considered. In fact, some hydropower reservoirs have partly performed this task, such as Trung Son reservoir on the Ma river (150 million m3), Hua Na reservoir on the Chu river (100 million m3), Ban Ve reservoir on the Ca river in Nghe An province (300 million m3), Quang Tri reservoir on the Rao Quán river (30 million m3), and Binh Dien reservoir on the Huu Trach river (70 million m3). 

For small and medium hydropower projects, as they are mainly located on tributary of branch rivers or streams with small catchment areas and large slopes, the reservoir capacity is very small, so the flood reduction effect is negligible. 

The construction of hydropower projects requires conversion of the use of certain areas of forested land. For these projects, the investor must fulfill the obligation of planting forests to compensate for the forest land moved for hydropower projects, according to a circular issued in 2019 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. 

According to the General Department of Forestry under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, by September 2019, 30,305 hectares of forest of this kind had been planted. However, planted forests are not as effective in protecting the environment as natural forests. 

Solutions

Agencies from the central to local levels need to review and incorporate the task of natural disaster prevention into the general planning of the sectors and the overall plan, and improve the quality of weather forecasting and warnings, as well as proactively relocate people to safe areas before natural disasters occur. 

Reviewing construction standards to respond to disasters is another solution. The infrastructure, especially roads, must have enough apertures for flood drainage. Currently, in addition to the single-lake operation with full operating requirements in the flooding and dry seasons, local governments should ask small and medium hydropower reservoirs in the same basin to coordinate operations to enhance safety in the flood season, in line with demand for water exploitation and use in the dry season for the downstream. 

Implementing the National Assembly’s resolution 62 in 2014 on strengthening the management of planning, investment in construction, and operation of hydropower projects, and the Government’s resolution on an Action Plan in response to resolution 62, the Ministry of Industry and Trade issued a plan that removed 8 ladder hydropower projects, 472 small hydropower projects and 213 potential locations for hydroelectricity from hydropower development planning. These are projects that occupy a lot of land, have great impact on the environment and society, or have low economic efficiency. 

The ministry is not considering supplementing the planning of small-scale hydropower projects or any hydropower projects that occupy natural forest land.

Thủ phạm gây thảm họa ở miền Trung

Heavy rains cause floods and landslides on hilly lands. Photo: Phan Vinh

The flood drainage capacity of the central coastal residential areas should be enhanced and the flood resistance of river dike systems must be improved. 

Other solutions include: prevent floods to protect people in river basins, ensuring production of summer-autumn and winter-spring crops, with a flood frequency of 5-10% (equivalent to floods occurring every 10-20 years); consolidate dikes of the Ma, Chu, Ca and La rivers to withstand floods after 2020; strengthen other river dikes from Ha Tinh to Thua Thien – Hue provinces to combat summer-autumn and late floods, actively prevent and adapt to main-season floods; prevent early floods and drain late floods to ensure production of the winter-spring and summer-autumn crops, with a rate of 5-10% for the south central region; and  study and implement solutions to stabilize the river bed, regulate rivers, and combat sedimentation at estuaries of Thu Bon, Ba, Lai Giang, Tra Khuc, Tra Cau, Ban Thach and Cai Nha Trang rivers; 

Also, consolidate and improve flood resistance capability in major river basins in the North Central region with a flood control level after 2020 of <1% for Huong and Ca rivers and <7% for Huong river; proactively prevent, avoid and adapt to floods to protect people in river basins of the South Central Coast, the Central Highlands, and the Southeast, ensuring production in the Summer-Autumn and Winter-Spring crops, with flood frequency of 5% to 10%. 

For the South Central region, effectively regulate reservoirs to supply water to the downstream area; rationally operate the reservoir system in the river basin to ensure safety for downstream, serving daily life, production and natural disaster prevention; prevent, avoid and adapt to main-season floods; prevent early and late floods in service of winter-spring and summer-autumn crop production; increase the drainage capacity of drainage axes, to study solutions to overcome and fill up river and sea estuaries to drain floods. 

Also, make 1:25000 maps to classify risks of floods, earthquakes, landslides and forest fires in key areas. 

Depending on the level of the forecasted risk, district-level authorities need to establish a stockpile of essentials, at least instant noodles and drinking water, alum to settle the cloudy water, and water disinfecting tablets so that people in disaster affected areas can treat available water sources. 

When there is no military conflict, the army does rescue tasks very well, so the army should have a professional rescue force, which will coordinate with the rescue force of the civilian side to save people when natural disasters occur. The destructive power of nature can be terrible, while human power is very small, so we are only able to minimize, proactively prevent natural disasters, not combat natural disasters, especially in the central region. 

It is necessary to establish response instructions and organize propaganda for relevant units and companies. Each related hydropower, irrigation project, and construction project in the mountainous and forest region… needs to have an incident response process. 

In order to proactively prevent natural disasters effectively, the government and relevant agencies need to develop a unified action plan based on a common vision: “Effective disaster management, wise use of resources, respond to climate change and sea level rise flexibly, for a stable and prosperous economy, diverse and sustainable environment.” 

To Van Truong

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/what-cause-disasters-in-central-vietnam-683865.html

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ITU Digital World 2020 leaves meaningful messages about a new world

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The 3-day ITU Digital World 2020 closed on October 23, leaving key messages about a new world – the digital world.

ITU Digital World 2020 – the world’s largest event in telecommunications and IT – is an annual event held by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Formerly known as the ITU Telecom World, this year it was organized by Vietnam under a new name – ITU Digital World 2020. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, this was the first time in ITU’s history that the event was held online, using Vietnamese technology at the “Make-in-Vietnam” platform at https://digitalworld2020.vn.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Many meaningful messages about a new world were shared at the ITU Digital World 2020. Photo: Le Anh Dung 

The event attracted the participation of 30 ministers, 20 vice ministers, and top government officials and leading ICT experts from over 50 countries, who made significant comments and suggestions for the development of the world telecom industry in the future. 

Digital transformation to help world overcome the pandemic 

At the opening session, Vietnamese Minister of Information & Communications Nguyen Manh Hung, on behalf of the host country, confirmed that the new name – ITU Digital World 2020 – reflected the powerful combination of telecommunications, IT and digital technology. 

He said that the world’s development will be driven by digital technology and the annual ITU Digital World will help promote the development and application of digital technologies. That was why Vietnam had proposed changing the name of the event from ITU Telecom World to ITU Digital World.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Minister of Information and Communication Nguyen Manh Hung. Photo: Trong Dat

At the ITU Ministerial Roundtables, a key part of ITU Digital World 2020, top officials of the ICT industry throughout the world discussed the role of ICTs in Covid-19 pandemic response and digital strategic planning during and after the pandemic and set the orientation for cooperation between ITU and its member countries in implementing digital transformation programs. 

They emphasized that IT is increasingly proving its role in helping the world respond to the Covid-19 pandemic. Thanks to IT infrastructure, the world can still operate, while economic and social flows are not interrupted. In the pandemic, the Internet has become the most effective tool for ensuring the connection of people despite social distancing. 

The pandemic has also created opportunities to promote IT and to digitize production, service and commercial activities. Digital transformation is gradually becoming an irreversible trend in the world and offers every nation, every economy, and every organization and individual unprecedented opportunities. 

The world and the challenges for narrowing the digital gap 

IT plays an important role in eliminating social and economic gaps. However, in the 47 least developed countries in the world, about 20% of the population are not connected to the Internet due to lack of infrastructure and expensive service costs.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

The development of the global telecommunications industry was discussed by many experts at ITU Digital World 2020. Photo: Trong Dat

In the crisis triggered by Covid-19, there are still millions of people around the world with no access to healthcare, education services, etc. due to geographical distances. This gap will be gradually narrowed if they have access to telecommunications infrastructure. Therefore, it is necessary to bring Internet access opportunities to remote and disadvantaged areas. 

This is the moment for the world to join hands to speed up broadband coverage and narrow the digital gap by increasing user outreach and technology availability. 

Governments around the world can realize this by introducing policies to lure investment, by encouraging telecom network operators to expand coverage and provide services at affordable costs, and manufacturers to launch low-cost models of equipment, and by improving people’s digital skills and promoting online education. 

5G creates resurgence for the telecommunications industry 

Representatives of the world’s leading ICT and telecom corporations also discussed the future of 5G and how to deploy this technology. 

They said that 5G creates an information revolution, not only an upgrade in technology. This is proven clearly when we see the difference between 4G and 5G. While 4G helps connect people together, 5G is used to connect everything.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

ITU Digital World 2020 was held online for the first time. Photo: Trong Dat

Over the next five years, more than 1 billion people around the world will use mobile data with the average monthly flow 4-5 times higher than the current rate. 5G is an effective technology to meet that need. 

In terms of bandwidth, thanks to 5G, there will be no limits for at least the next few years. 5G technology will be the key to the power of calculation and automation of factories. In that context, the telecommunications industry needs to take measures to promote an open ecosystem. Along with the breakthrough impacts of 5G, governments should see the mobile ecosystem worth over US$1 trillion as an engine for growth. 

From a technology perspective, the world’s leading telecom experts agreed that it will take 5G a few years to develop. However, this technology will probably become the common foundation to promote the world’s recovery after the Covid-19 pandemic and to enter the new-normal state. 

Cybersecurity – a global issue 

Security experts said that the world is facing a major threat related to cybersecurity, with the increase of cyberattacks in both number and scale. 

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the number of cyberattacks rose by 60% over the same period, targeting more on the elderly and children, the most vulnerable subjects. The number of phishing cases was also on the rise. Fake and malicious news become tools to disperse malicious code and collect data. This is happening during the boom of IoT devices, which may be on the radar of cybercriminals.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Mr. Hoang Minh Tien, Deputy Director of the Department of Information Security (Ministry of Information and Communications), speaks at the session on information security of the ITU Digital World 2020. Photo: Trong Dat 

However, in many places, people are focusing on using technology and neglecting cybersecurity concerns. Many countries have awareness of IT application but lack national strategies for cybersecurity. 

To fight cybercriminals, it is a must to have an ecosystem of cybersecurity, rather than single actions. These challenges offer an opportunity for governments and the private sector to work together and for global cooperation to solve common issues. 

National information security forces also need a mechanism to share information and to promote the application of new technology such as machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) in cybersecurity. In addition, there should be measures to raise awareness about cybersecurity. 

Experts said that cybersecurity regulations and guidelines should take a top-down and bottom-up approach. Governments should issue regulations on cybersecurity implementations while businesses can also have their own regulations on this regard. 

Everyone benefits from ICT technology 

At the closing session, Mr. Houlin Zhao, ITU Secretary General, congratulated Vietnam, the host country, for successfully organizing the ITU Digital World 2020. He praised Vietnam’s initiative on renaming and organizing the event online.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Mr. Houlin Zhao – ITU Secretary General – praised Vietnam as a shining example in ICT development. Photo: Trong Dat

He emphasized that during the ITU Digital World 2020, ICT ministers of ITU member countries made strong messages about cooperation and innovation. He said he believed that the post-Covid-19 world will become better. The public and private sectors will cooperate with each other and work with the international community to promote the development of the ICT industry. In that future, all people will benefit from the common development of ICT and no one will be left behind.

Trong Dat

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/itu-digital-world-2020-leaves-meaningful-messages-about-a-new-world-683735.html

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ITU Digital World 2020 and profound messages about a new world

Published

on

The 3-day ITU Digital World 2020 has closed, leaving key messages about a new world – the digital world.

ITU Digital World 2020 – the world’s largest event in telecommunications and IT – is an annual event held by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Formerly known as the ITU Telecom World, this year it was organized by Vietnam under a new name – ITU Digital World 2020. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, this is also the first time in ITU’s history that the event was held online, using Vietnamese technology at the “Make-in-Vietnam” platform at https://digitalworld2020.vn.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Many profound messages about a new world have been shared by the ITU Digital World 2020. Photo: Le Anh Dung

The event attracted the participation of 30 ministers, 20 vice ministers, top government officials and leading ICT experts from over 50 countries, who made significant comments and suggestions for the development of the world telecom industry in the future. 

Digital transformation to help the world overcome the pandemic 

At the opening session, Vietnamese Minister of Information & Communications Nguyen Manh Hung, on behalf of the host country, confirmed that the new name – ITU Digital World 2020 – reflected the powerful combination of telecommunications, IT and digital technology. 

He believed that the world’s development will be driven by digital technology and the annual ITU Digital World will help promote the development and application of digital technologies. That was why Vietnam had proposed to change the name of the event from ITU Telecom World to ITU Digital World.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Minister of Information and Communication Nguyen Manh Hung. Photo: Trong Dat

At the ITU Ministerial Roundtables, a key part of ITU Digital World 2020, top officials of the ICT industry throughout the world discussed the role of ICTs in Covid-19 pandemic response and digital strategic planning during and after the pandemic and set the orientation for cooperation between ITU and its member countries in implementing digital transformation programs. 

They emphasized that IT is increasingly proving its role in helping the world respond to the Covid-19 pandemic. Thanks to IT infrastructure, the world can still operate while the economic and social flows are not interrupted. In the pandemic, the Internet has become the most effective tool for ensuring the connection of people despite social distancing. 

The pandemic also creates opportunities to promote IT and to digitize production, service and commercial activities. Digital transformation gradually becomes an irreversible trend in the world and offers every nation, every economy, every organization and individual unprecedented opportunities. 

The world and the challenges for narrowing the digital gap 

IT plays an important role in eliminating social and economic gaps. However, in the 47 least developed countries in the world, about 20% of the population is not connected to the Internet due to lack of infrastructure and expensive service cost.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

The development of the global telecommunications industry is discussed by many experts at ITU Digital World 2020. Photo: Trong Dat

In the crisis triggered by Covid-19, there are still millions of people around the world having no access to healthcare, education services, etc. due to geographical distances. This gap will be gradually narrowed if they have access to telecommunications infrastructure. Therefore, it is necessary to bring Internet access opportunities to remote and disadvantaged areas. 

This is the moment for the world to join hands to speed up broadband coverage and narrow the digital gap by increasing user outreach and technology availability. 

Governments around the world can realize this by introducing policies to lure investment, by encouraging telecom network operators to expand coverage and provide services at affordable costs, and manufacturers to launch low-cost models of equipment, and by improving people’s digital skills and promoting online education. 

5G creates resurgence for the telecommunications industry 

Representatives of the world’s leading ICT and telecom corporations also discussed the future of 5G and how to deploy this technology. 

They said that 5G creates an information revolution, not only an upgrade in technology. This is proven clearly when we see the difference between 4G and 5G. While 4G helps connect people together, 5G is used to connect everything.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

ITU Digital World 2020 was held online for the first time. Photo: Trong Dat

Over the next five years, more than 1 billion people around the world will use mobile data with the average monthly flow 4-5 times higher than the current rate. 5G is an effective technology to meet that need. 

In terms of bandwidth, thanks to 5G, there will be no limits for at least the next few years. 5G technology will be the key to the power of calculation and automation of factories. In that context, the telecommunications industry needs to take measure to promote an open ecosystem. Along with the breakthrough impacts of 5G, governments should see the mobile ecosystem worth over US$1 trillion as an engine for growth. 

From a technology perspective, the world’s leading telecom experts agreed that it will take 5G a few years to develop. However, this technology will probably become the common foundation to promote the world’s recovery after the Covid-19 pandemic and to enter the new-normal state. 

Cybersecurity – a global issue 

Security experts said that the world is facing a major threat related to cybersecurity, with the increase of cyberattacks in both number and scale. 

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the number of cyberattacks rose by 60% over the same period, targeting more on the elderly and children, the most vulnerable subjects. The number of phishing cases was also on the rise. Fake and malicious news become tools to disperse malicious code and collect data. This happens during the boom of IoT devices, which may be on the radar of cybercriminals.

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Mr. Hoang Minh Tien – Deputy Director of the Department of Information Security (Ministry of Information and Communications) spoke at the session on information security of the ITU Digital World 2020. Photo: Trong Dat

However, in many places, people are just focusing on using technology and neglecting cybersecurity concerns. Many countries have awareness of IT application but lack national strategies for cybersecurity. 

To fight cybercriminals, it is a must to have an ecosystem of cybersecurity, rather than single actions. These challenges offer an opportunity for governments and the private sector to work together and for global cooperation to solve common issues. 

National information security forces also need a mechanism to share information and to promote the application of new technology such as machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) in cybersecurity. In addition, there should be measures to raise awareness about cybersecurity. 

Experts said that cybersecurity regulations and guidelines should take a top-down and bottom-up approach. Governments should issue regulations on cybersecurity implementations while businesses can also have their own regulations on this regard. 

Everyone benefits from ICT technology 

At the closing session, Mr. Houlin Zhao – ITU Secretary General – congratulated Vietnam, the host country, for successfully organizing the ITU Digital World 2020. He highly appreciated Vietnam’s initiative on renaming and organizing the event online. 

Những thông điệp sâu sắc về một thế giới mới từ ITU Digital World 2020

Mr. Houlin Zhao – ITU Secretary General – praised Vietnam as a shining example in ICT development. Photo: Trong Dat

He emphasized that during the ITU Digital World 2020, ICT ministers of ITU member countries made strong messages about cooperation and innovation. He believed that the post-Covid-19 world will become better. The public and private sectors will cooperate with each other and with the international community to promote the development of the ICT industry. In that future, all people will benefit from the common development of ICT and no one will be left behind. 

Trong Dat

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/itu-digital-world-2020-and-profound-messages-about-a-new-world-683735.html

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