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Revised law focuses on keeping the environment clean

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Minister of Environment Trần Hồng Hà

Minister of Environment Trần Hồng Hà talks to BNEWS about Việt Nam’s efforts to protect the environment, particularly air and water.

What are the new points in the revised Law on Environmental Protection?

The latest revised Law on Environmental Protection was adopted at the 14th session of the National Assembly Legislature. The law has 16 chapters with 141 articles. I think it is much more comprehensive than the law adopted in 2014. An important principle in the latest version is to create a comprehensive and harmonised Law on Environmental Protection. In other words, environmental issues will be addressed towards the objectives of active prevention and management.

We are confident that under the 2020 revised Law on Environmental Protection, the general public will exercise their rights and responsibilities in the course of implementing the law.

What’s more important is the new law introduces a set of management tools in the field of environmental protection. Under the new law, each enterprise will have to create its own environmental monitoring unit.

I’m confident that if the law is implemented well, we’ll achieve the targets of using our natural resources economically and more efficiently to develop a circular economy.

What are the next steps the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment will do to make the law a reality?

The law has 141 articles and it focuses on 12 main groups of policies. Under the law, a strong decentralisation from the central Government down to grassroots level have been well described.

The law will come into force on January 1, 2022.

Before then we will be working with agencies and experts to launch a mass communications campaign to raise public awareness on protecting the environment, particularly water resources and natural forests.

How will the public environmental impact assessment be made after the Law is passed?

The law clearly stipulates the information needs to be disclosed, who is responsible for disclosing it, and the timing of the disclosure. Business owners have to be responsible for environmental impact assessment. State agencies set out the required standards and regulations of management for the project.

So when starting an investment project, along with feasibility preparation and technical design, businesses must also conduct environmental impact assessments. They will have to submit the document to the local authorities or the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and publish it on the business portal. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment will publish the document for reference and consultation on the Ministry’s website.

The content of the public information will include the members of an appraising council, the appraisal results of the council and, if necessary, the environmental impact assessment report, as well as issues that the ministry deems necessary for consultation with experts.

How will these environmental policies be reflected in Government decrees?

The evaluation will be based on three key criteria: the type of waste; the use of natural resources and the impacts on the natural environment, particularly in residential areas, along with humans, the marine environment, biodiversity, biosphere reserves and natural heritage sites.

Of course, the scope and scale of the assessment depend on each type of project and that will be stated clearly in the project licence.

In the past, there were many types of licenses, such as licenses for discharging wastewater, included in the Law on Water Resources, the Law on Environmental Protection, and the Law on Irrigation. From now on, only one agency is responsible for environmental impact assessment and issuing licences.

Procedures will be reduced by about 50 per cent and compliance costs are also reduced. Businesses and people will benefit from this.

From the point of view of the environmental management agency, if there is already pollution, it is absolutely forbidden to discharge any more. In this law, for polluted rivers like Nhuệ and Đáy rivers, relocation will have to be conducted and there will absolutely no more discharge. The point is not to let the situation get worse. — 

 

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/809582/revised-law-focuses-on-keeping-the-environment-clean.html

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Da Nang monkeys flood city in search of food

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Hundreds of monkeys from the Son Tra Peninsula in Danang City have recently flocked into the city to seek food.

A monkey climbs on the car on a street in Danang.

The monkeys used to gather at Linh Ung Pagoda to beg for food from visitors in Son Tra Peninsula. But now they have flocked to the city streets. The monkeys have got used to humans and many of them casually rummage through the bags of visitors to find food. When no-one is around they go to rubbish sites.

Some of the monkeys have been killed and injured in traffic accidents when running across the streets.

The monkeys are no afraid of tourists.

A photographer in the area, Nguyen Van Tuan, said children and women might be in danger if they were surrounded by the monkeys. However, several visitors have been entertained by the animals and teased the monkeys.

“They have used food to encourage the monkeys to get closer to them but then would take the food away,” Tuan said. “This has angered the monkeys and they have attacked visitors.”


Son Tra Peninsula and Danang Beaches Management Board has put up warning signs asking visitors to not feed wild animals at several locations. Dtinews/Tienphong

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/da-nang-monkeys-flood-city-in-search-of-food-694247.html

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HCM City needs VND29 trillion for solid waste treatment

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HCMC will need nearly VND29 trillion in the next five years to implement a solid waste treatment scheme, which is aimed at enhancing the management, classification, collection, and recycling of solid waste in the city.

HCM City needs VND29 trillion for solid waste treatment
Waste collection vehicles are seen on a street in HCMC. The city will need nearly VND29 trillion in the next five years to implement a solid waste treatment scheme – Photo: TNO

The city’s Department of Natural Resources and Environment has just sent to the municipal government a scheme to treat solid waste by 2025 with a vision toward 2050. The scheme will be sent to the Ministry of Construction for appraisal and then to the Prime Minister for approval after it receives a green light from the city government.

The scheme will be financed by the city’s budget, official development assistance loans, and other private sources. Of the total funding, approximately VND14.5 trillion will be used for technology transfer activities to treat solid waste, VND5 trillion for building a waste treatment plant, VND3 trillion for developing waste transfer stations, VND1.2 trillion for setting up waste collection points along roads and VND500 billion for arranging waste collector teams.

According to goals set by the HCMC Department of Natural Resources and Environment, all industrial and medical waste shall be collected and treated by 2025; 90% of construction waste will be treated, with 60% recycled. By 2023, 60% of households in the city are expected to sort waste at source and the figure could jump up yearly.

Around 9,300 tons of household waste are daily discharged in the city. In February this year, the municipal government passed an adjusted plan to classify waste at source into two groups: recyclable and the rest, instead of the previous three groups: organic, inorganic, recyclable. The change was made to be in line with the waste-to-energy technology currently adopted by the city and to reduce landfill waste.  SGT

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/hcm-city-needs-vnd29-trillion-for-solid-waste-treatment-693480.html

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Vietnam ready to commercialize 5G by 2021

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Commercializing 5G by 2021 is a target for Vietnam to implement the national digital transformation.

Vietnam will universalize 5G through producing 5G devices with quality and reasonable prices in 2021 as developing 5G network is one of the key directions on improving the capacity of digital infrastructure for national digital transformation, according to Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung.

The use of 5G handsets produced by Vietnam is a measure to help enhance network security and safety. To implement this, one of the solutions is to research and master the design and manufacture of 5G network equipment and chips.

Viettel Group’s Viettel High Tech Industries Corporation and Vingroup’s VinSmart Research and Manufacture JSC in October signed a cooperation agreement on the development of a 5G gNodeB base station system.

Earlier, the first device incorporating 5G technology produced by Vietnam was successfully tested. According to the Center for Telecommunications Quality and Measurement under the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC), Vsmart Aris 5G had been tested many times and gave positive results.

Vietnam ready to commercialize 5G by 2021
5G speed on Vsmart smartphones using Sub6 band is nearly 8 times higher than 4G.

Through many technical tests, 5G speed on Vsmart smartphones using Sub6 band is nearly 8 times higher than 4G and promises to continue to increase when VinSmart applies mmWave band in the coming time.

The successful development of the Vsmart Aris 5G smartphone shows that Vietnam is ready to master advanced technologies. This is the basis for asserting that the country can completely accelerate in the Industrial Revolution 4.0.

Besides, the MIC has recently allowed two mobile operators, Viettel and MobiFone, to test and commercialize 5G in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City as it is a good foundation to bring Vietnam into the group of the leading countries in the world in deploying 5G.

Unlike the previous test which was heavily technical, the target audience of this test was mobile subscribers. This is an important test to help local operators evaluate the technology and the market before officially implementing commercialization of 5G in Vietnam.

These are all concrete steps that show Vietnam’s approach to 5G development towards mass commercialization by 2021.

Mr. Mani Manimohan, head of Digital Infrastructure Policy and Regulations at GSMA, predicted that over the next 5 years, more than 1 billion people worldwide will use mobile data which average consumption per month is 4-5 times more than previously. Because 5G is an effective technology to meet that need.

In addition to users, industries are also in need of 5G applications. This will be the key to the computing power and automation of factories. In addition, Mr. Manihohan from GSMA said that governments should see the mobile ecosystem with a scale of more than US$1 trillion as a driving force for development.

Meanwhile, Mr. Denis Brunetti, president of Ericsson Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos, said that 5G will change all industries. Manufacturing, agriculture, and healthcare industries will change drastically thanks to the presence of robots and 5G information transmission systems. He believes that Vietnam possesses the essentials to develop science and information technology and expects Vietnam will become a developed economy by 2045.  Hanoitimes 

Nhat Minh – Ha Thanh

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/vietnam-ready-to-commercialize-5g-by-2021-693503.html

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