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Science, technology, innovation pushed for economic development

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Scientific research in universities needed pushing up to create a high-qualified human resource for the industrialised economy. Photo nhandan.vn

HÀ NỘI – Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Đức Đam has signed Decision No. 569/QĐ-TTg dated May 11 issuing a strategy for scientific-technological development and Innovation to 2030.

Accordingly, science, technology and innovation will further contribute to economic growth through scientific research and technological development activities of research institutes and universities.

Innovation activities will also help improve management and organisational capacity in enterprises.

The specific objective of the strategy is that science, technology and innovation play an important role in developing spearhead industries, especially the processing and manufacturing industry, making an important contribution to the restructuring of the economy towards modernisation and industrialisation by 2030 as well as take advantage of opportunities of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

By 2030, the proportion of the value of high-tech industrial products in the processing and manufacturing industries will reach at least 45 per cent of the total economy.

One of the main tasks and solutions for the development of science and technology and innovation is to build a national innovation system.

Specifically, a national innovation ecosystem closely linked with the region and the world is needed.

It is necessary to develop innovation ecosystems in industries, agriculture and services associated with domestic and global value chains, in which large enterprises act as a key role in leading innovation activities. State management agencies need to create a favourable institutional environment and policies so as to promote linkages between enterprises, research institutes, universities and organisations in research, application and innovation activities.

A system of national and regional innovation centres and start-up centres needs to be set up to create innovation hubs linking with high-tech zones, residential areas, financial centres, venture capital funds, universities and research institutes.

It is also essential to vigorously deploy open innovation platforms and networks in order to attract all domestic and foreign investment resources to create new technologies, new products, and new businesses.

Human resources

Other key tasks and solutions of the strategy are to develop human resources for science, technology and innovation with high qualifications and creative capacity.

Therefore, it must strengthen training in science and technology, computer skills, foreign languages, and creative design capacity associated with practical projects in high schools, especially through STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) and STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts, and math) training forms.

Orientation of science and engineering careers in schools and universities should further promoted along with reforming training programmes for science and technology in universities to meet the requirements of the labour market.

The Government should quickly build up a team of leading scientists, to step by step raise the standards of scientists in line with the standards in developed countries.

Under the strategy, two-way human resource transfer between the public and private sectors is also encouraged.

It also needs proper mechanisms and policies to attract highly qualified human resources from abroad and overseas Vietnamese to participate in domestic science, technology and innovation activities and develop networks to connect the overseas Vietnamese community of scientists to work in Việt Nam.

Honouring outstanding intellectuals

Amid the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the Party has defined that science-technology and innovation is a strategic breakthrough for national development, and the contingent of scientists is the core of this process, stated President Nguyễn Xuân Phúc at a ceremony held in Hà Nội on Saturday to honour 106 outstanding intellectuals in the field of science and technology in 2022.

“The dream of a prosperous Việt Nam can only be realised under the guidance of the light of knowledge,” he said. 

Addressing the event held by the Việt Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA), the State leader highlighted the great attention that the Party and State have given to the development of science, technology and innovation as well as intellectuals in the field.

He hailed the VUSTA’s role in connecting Vietnamese scientists inside and outside the country over the past 40 years, significantly contributing to the country’s socio-economic development, and political and security-defence stability.

He noted that so far, the union has gathered more than 3.7 million experts, including 2.2 million in the field of science and technology, accounting for 32.5 per cent of the total intellectuals of the country.

The contingent of scientists have built up the national innovative capacity, the President said, noting that last year, Việt Nam became one of the top 45 leading countries in the world in terms of innovation, and took the lead in the list of middle-income economies in Global Innovation Index (GII).

He asked the VUSTA, as the representative body for scientists and intellectuals, and an important part of the country’s political system, should play a greater role in giving advice to the Party, State and Government on science-technology and innovation policies as well as financial mechanisms to better unite Vietnamese intellectuals, contributing to successfully realise national development goals in the new period.

At the ceremony, President Phúc, National Assembly Deputy Chairman Nguyễn Đức Hải and VUSTA leaders presented the title of Outstanding Science and Technology Intellectual to the 106 exemplary intellectuals. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/1194119/science-technology-innovation-pushed-for-economic-development.html

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Hanoi streets flooded by massive rainstorm

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A downpour with a massive volume of rain battered Hanoi on Monday evening and resulted in large-scale flooding that lasted until late at night.

Information from the Hanoi Sewerage and Drainage Company showed that the downpour lashed the capital city from 5:00 pm to 7:00 pm, while showers lingered until late at night.

The highest rainfall was recorded at 245 millimeters in Dong Anh District, while rain volumes of 115 to 190 millimeters were reported in Bac Tu Liem, Nam Tu Liem, and Cau Giay Districts.

People travel in heavy rain on a street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

People travel in heavy rain on a street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

The rain caused serious flooding on many streets in multiple districts.

Among them, streets such as Thuy Khue, Do Duc Duc, Vuong Thua Vu, Nguyen Trai, Hoa Bang, Phan Van Truong, Minh Khai, and Hoa Bang were submerged under rainwater as high as 0.2-0.3 meters.

The inundation posed a lot of challenges for commuters as it caused numerous motorbikes and cars to break down.

A resident pushes a broken-down motorbike on a flooded street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

A resident pushes a broken-down motorbike on a flooded street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

On Thanh Nien Street, a tree was uprooted by strong gusts and fell onto a car, but no one was harmed in the incident.

The flooding was so serious that multiple streets in Cau Giay, Nam Tu Liem, Tay Ho, Ba Dinh, and Ha Dong Districts were still submerged as of Monday night.

Traffic congestion and flooding occur at the Lieu Gia-Dao Tan Intersection in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

Traffic congestion and flooding occur at the Lieu Giai-Dao Tan Intersection in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

Duong Dinh Nghe Street in Hanoi is still submerged as of 9:20 pm on July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Duong Dinh Nghe Street in Hanoi was still submerged as of 9:20 pm on July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

A resident rides a motorbike on a flooded street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

A resident rides a motorbike on a flooded street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Motorbikes break down due to the serious flooding in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Motorbikes break down due to the serious flooding in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Motorbikes break down due to the serious flooding in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Motorbikes break down due to the serious flooding in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

An uprooted tree falls on a car on Thanh Nien Street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

An uprooted tree falls on a car on Thanh Nien Street in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Nam Tran / Tien Phong

A serious traffic jam in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

A serious traffic jam in Hanoi, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Employees of the Hanoi Sewerage and Drainage Company are mobilized to alleviate the flooding, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Employees of the Hanoi Sewerage and Drainage Company are mobilized to alleviate the flooding, July 5, 2022. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20220706/hanoi-streets-flooded-by-massive-rainstorm/67966.html

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Hanoi to build $4.3mn road tunnel through Red River dyke

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The Hanoi People’s Committee has approved the feasibility report for a project to develop a road tunnel passing through the Red River dyke system and Tran Quang Khai Street in Hoan Kiem District with at an estimated cost of VND100 billion (US$4.3 million).

As per the feasibility report, the road tunnel project, connecting Tran Nguyen Han and Chuong Duong Do Streets, will allow both pedestrians and vehicles to pass through when it is in place. 

The project is expected to help ease traffic congestion in the area and ensure safety for road users.

The investor of the project is the People’s Committee of Hoan Kiem District. 

The tunnel project was designed to be 18.25 meters wide, 3.2 meters high, and 15.7 meters long.

The outside of the body and arches of the tunnel will be decorated to match the surrounding architecture.

Two lanes of the elevated section of Tran Quang Khai Street passing through the peak of the tunnel will be expanded. 

The elevated section of the street will be connected to Chuong Duong Do Street and a section of Tran Quang Khai Street on the ground. 

The project will be conducted from 2022 to 2024.

The tunnel project was originally meant to be completed on October 10, 2019 to celebrate the capital’s liberation (October 10, 1954) when the People’s Committee of Hoan Kiem District was chosen as the investor in 2018. 

On October 19, 2015, the Hanoi administration issued a statement negotiating with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on the design of the tunnel project linking Tran Nguyen Han and Chuong Duong Do Streets. 

The project was planned to be mainly developed southward to minimize site clearance.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20220706/hanoi-to-build-43mn-road-tunnel-through-red-river-dyke/67965.html

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Construction waste dumping recurs in Hanoi

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Waste from construction projects is being abandoned without permission at vacant lots in many districts across Hanoi as the issue remains unresolved.

The waste varies from debris and rocks to used furniture.

Wherever it piles up, household waste follows suit just a few days later.

“On sunny days, the stench permeates my store, while on rainy days, the dumped garbage bags float on the road,” said Nguyen Hoang Anh, the 42-year-old owner of a beer store on Duong Dinh Nghe Street in Cau Giay District. 

“We tried to find the litterers but could not catch them because they often dump the waste before dawn when few people are on the street.”

Construction waste is dumped at an empty field along Duong Dinh Nghe Street in Cau Giay District, Hanoi. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Construction waste is dumped at an empty field along Duong Dinh Nghe Street in Cau Giay District, Hanoi. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

It is not only the empty land on Duong Dinh Nghe Street and those belonging to the nearby Nam Trung residential area, but many other vacant lots in Ba Dinh, Nam Tu Liem, Bac Tu Liem, and Hoang Mai Districts have also been forced into garbage dumps by litterers.

Hang, who has worked as a sanitation worker in Hanoi for ten years, said that she and her colleagues had no choice but to collect the dumped construction waste though that is not a part of their job.

“There are days that we have to collect several metric tons of construction waste,” Hang said.

“But that is without extra pay.”

Construction waste is dumped at an empty field along Pham Hung Street in Nam Tu Liem District, Hanoi. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Construction waste is dumped at an empty field along Pham Hung Street in Nam Tu Liem District, Hanoi. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

“Hanoi still does not have a construction waste treatment plant,” a representative of the municipal construction department told Tien Phong (Youth) newspaper during a discussion on Monday.

The process of handling construction waste includes crushing them, with the authorities still pondering how to use the output of the crushing stage, according to the officer.

Sanitation workers collect construction waste in Hanoi. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

Sanitation workers collect construction waste in Hanoi. Photo: Q. The / Tien Phong

In the meantime, the municipal People’s Committee has passed the responsibility of tackling construction waste dumping down to district-level administrations.

While newspapers have often reported the dumping and had district-level leaders pledge to solve the issue, piles of construction waste reappear every time.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20220706/construction-waste-dumping-recurs-in-hanoi/67963.html

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