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Smart cities: ‘one size does not fit all’



Urban digital transformation and smart city development have become indispensable. Every city dweller has become a smart environment sensor. Just after three months, the streets in Hue City have become unprecedentedly clean.

People are the center

Countries are becoming digital economies and societies with the support of digital technology which improves management efficiency, develops businesses, and enhances people’s lives.

Smart cities: 'one size does not fit all'

Deputy Minister of Science and Technology Bui The Duy said in 2020, when all countries are facing great challenges from the Covid-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC), together with telcos, have gained certain achievements in fighting the epidemic and helping people have normal lives both during the social distancing time and the ‘new normal’ period.

Vietnam has been making every effort for many years and facing difficulties to deploy digital technology, and organize online teaching and meetings.

However, just two months after the pandemic broke out, all students in Vietnam could access online learning. This shows the strong development of telecom services and the application of digital transformation in the country.

Duy said that digital technology is developing rapidly in cities, but also in rural areas.

“Despite a lot of difficulties, we have 4G throughout the country and can see images of students in remote areas studying online without interruption,” Duy said.

Urban digital transformation and smart cities are similar phenomena that take place at the local level.

Quang Ninh province, which pioneers the country in e-government, has applied the FT.eGov 4.0 solution, deploying an infrastructure platform and operating a database platform for e-government; creating an interconnected working environment for administrative agencies; and building a modern Public Administration Service Center.

The platform has helped reduce 40 percent of travel time and save VND30 billion a year for the provincial budget.

Urban digital transformation and smart city development have become indispensable. Every city dweller has become a smart environment sensor. Just after three months, the streets in Hue City have become unprecedentedly clean.

Meanwhile, HCM City’s local government service platform (LGSP) is considered one of the fundamental components of the City E-Government Architecture, built with 100 percent readiness to serve the basic needs of a smart city.

To date, 22 units have connected to the system, with 200,000 records connected, 6,260 GB of data integrated, and nearly 12 million users authenticated and identified.

Management agencies only need one officer to supervise the platform and just more than one hour to make a report, instead of two workers who have to work full time for four days to process all GB of data.

It is expected that 70 percent of total population around the world will live in urban areas by 2050. Urban digital transformation and smart city development is indispensable.

No one shirt fits all

Talking about solutions to develop smart cities, Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung said cities now have a lot of problems but they differ among cities.

Hue, for example, is a tourism city. Therefore, making the streets green and clean is its top priority.

And they do this with an app called ‘market reflection’. People take pictures of problems on the streets and report to the authorities for quick reaction. As such, every city dweller has turned into a smart sensor. Just after three months of application, Hue’s streets have become cleaner than ever before.

Meanwhile, Bac Ninh is an industrial city with industrial zones and migrant workers from many cities, so it has to deal with problems in social order and security. The municipal authorities installed a camera system, and the situation has improved considerably.

Local newspapers reported that a boy was rescued from kidnappers within 24 hours thanks to the camera system.

The problems that HCM City authorities have prioritized deal with traffic jams and floods.

Truong Gia Binh, Chair of FPT Group, the largest Vietnamese IT firm, said that developing smart cities is the only smart choice for the nation’s socio-economic development.

Businesses will have favorable conditions to carry out digital transformation and develop in a sustainable way. Meanwhile, the state will have effective management methods and people will have the best environment to live and work in.

In building e-government and striving for smart cities, the benefits for people and sustainable development must be the center. No one is outside the race.

The FPT leader believes that programs on urban digital transformation and smart cities should not start from urban planning, but from a socio-economic development strategy with four major parts – strategy planning, institutional structure building, policies, and technological platform development.

Of these, a digital technology platform with open data architecture as the core, interconnections, and real-time processing will act as the operating center and an analytical tool for the urban digital transformation strategy and sustainable smart city. 

Duy Anh



Vietnam masters 90 percent of ecosystem of cyber security products



Vietnam has to date mastered about 90 percent of the ecosystem of cyber security products serving Party and State agencies, and is likely to be one among few countries mastering 100 percent of the ecosystem, 

Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung has said.

Vietnam masters 90 percent of ecosystem of cyber security products hinh anh 1

Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung 

Speaking at the Vietnam Information Security Day 2020 International Conference and Exhibition on December 2, Minister Hung said that Vietnam must assert national sovereignty and prosperity on cyberspace and everyone has the responsibility to protect that environment.

To make the safety of the country’s IT system, products and services be assured at the highest level, Vietnam has to have competent experts on this field.

President of the Vietnam Information Security Association Nguyen Thanh Hung (VNISA) said that cyber security with “Make in Vietnam” technologies is a key factor in national digital transformation.

The event, themed “Cybersecurity Ecosystem Make in Vietnam – Key Success Factor for National Digital Transformation,” aimed at connecting cyber security businesses, units using cyber security products and services, and policymaking agencies so as to better handle issues related to cyber security of all individuals, organisations and businesses by Vietnamese people’s solutions, Hung stated.

He also emphasised the need for relevant agencies, organisations, enterprises and associations to join hands in training more experts on cyber security and safety.

Representatives from many businesses shared opinions on issues involved in digital platforms and solutions available in Vietnam.

They said that Vietnam is lacking senior experts on cyber security and safety.

On the day, the organising board announced “Make in Vietnam” Cloud platforms./.VNA


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Da Nang monkeys flood city in search of food



Hundreds of monkeys from the Son Tra Peninsula in Danang City have recently flocked into the city to seek food.

A monkey climbs on the car on a street in Danang.

The monkeys used to gather at Linh Ung Pagoda to beg for food from visitors in Son Tra Peninsula. But now they have flocked to the city streets. The monkeys have got used to humans and many of them casually rummage through the bags of visitors to find food. When no-one is around they go to rubbish sites.

Some of the monkeys have been killed and injured in traffic accidents when running across the streets.

The monkeys are no afraid of tourists.

A photographer in the area, Nguyen Van Tuan, said children and women might be in danger if they were surrounded by the monkeys. However, several visitors have been entertained by the animals and teased the monkeys.

“They have used food to encourage the monkeys to get closer to them but then would take the food away,” Tuan said. “This has angered the monkeys and they have attacked visitors.”

Son Tra Peninsula and Danang Beaches Management Board has put up warning signs asking visitors to not feed wild animals at several locations. Dtinews/Tienphong


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HCM City needs VND29 trillion for solid waste treatment



HCMC will need nearly VND29 trillion in the next five years to implement a solid waste treatment scheme, which is aimed at enhancing the management, classification, collection, and recycling of solid waste in the city.

HCM City needs VND29 trillion for solid waste treatment
Waste collection vehicles are seen on a street in HCMC. The city will need nearly VND29 trillion in the next five years to implement a solid waste treatment scheme – Photo: TNO

The city’s Department of Natural Resources and Environment has just sent to the municipal government a scheme to treat solid waste by 2025 with a vision toward 2050. The scheme will be sent to the Ministry of Construction for appraisal and then to the Prime Minister for approval after it receives a green light from the city government.

The scheme will be financed by the city’s budget, official development assistance loans, and other private sources. Of the total funding, approximately VND14.5 trillion will be used for technology transfer activities to treat solid waste, VND5 trillion for building a waste treatment plant, VND3 trillion for developing waste transfer stations, VND1.2 trillion for setting up waste collection points along roads and VND500 billion for arranging waste collector teams.

According to goals set by the HCMC Department of Natural Resources and Environment, all industrial and medical waste shall be collected and treated by 2025; 90% of construction waste will be treated, with 60% recycled. By 2023, 60% of households in the city are expected to sort waste at source and the figure could jump up yearly.

Around 9,300 tons of household waste are daily discharged in the city. In February this year, the municipal government passed an adjusted plan to classify waste at source into two groups: recyclable and the rest, instead of the previous three groups: organic, inorganic, recyclable. The change was made to be in line with the waste-to-energy technology currently adopted by the city and to reduce landfill waste.  SGT


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