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Students must be ready for changes amid Industry 4.0: education official



Students a class of the Hà Nội University of Science and Technology, one of the leading universities in Việt Nam. — VNA/ Photo Thanh Tùng 

Associate Prof. Nguyễn Văn Nhã, former head of training department of the Việt Nam National University Hà Nội, talks to Thế giới & Việt Nam (World & Việt Nam) newspaper about the impacts of digital transformation in the education and training sector

How has digital transformation influenced career orientation for students?

First, it should be made clear that digital transformation is a natural thing in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0). This has become a strategy in many businesses and organisations both locally and internationally. Nearly 90 per cent of Vietnamese businesses have started digital transformation and they are at different stages now, from research to implementation.

More than 30 per cent of business leaders surveyed consider digital transformation life-and-death for their companies and the development of society. More importantly, Industry 4.0 has had deep and wide impacts on all aspects of social life as well as economic, security and defence development.

Education must also change in accordance with this trend. Changes in teaching methods, changes in textbooks, STEM application, experience and creative teaching are among the examples.

Career orientation for students must also be changed and adjusted.

Amid global integration, what are the challenges and opportunities for the education and training sector?

This is a good question for not only this sector but each of us. The opportunities to develop, especially for businesses, are inevitable. We have rapid and precise updates thanks to the modern information system, social networks and supercomputers, besides consistent and timely reports of e-government.

There are also products and services beyond our imagination.

The efficiency and competitiveness of businesses change every day and help push rapidness and innovation.

Digital transformation is not only about technological innovation but also about culture and people. Through digitising learning, both teachers and students can improve their skills with the shared goal of creating more attractive and effective education procedures.

For example, we have global learners, e-learning, effective learning modules and high-quality teacher and lecturer training.

In recent years, the education and training sector has paid attention and pioneered in applying information and technology in many activities. On April 24, Việt Nam National University HCM City launched its Artificial Intelligence Research and Application Centre. This is a positive sign for teachers and students to have practical experience in accessing advanced technology.

With regards to challenges, I often share with pupils and students that when the world is flatter in terms of science and technology, it also becomes rougher in income and the gap between the rich and the poor.

In the history of the four industrial revolutions of humankind, Việt Nam lagged behind and was slow in innovation. We need to be faster and push innovation and creativity to have more breakthroughs. If we just imitate others, we will always lag behind.

The training programmes of many education institutions fail to meet the requirements of the labour market. Is this one of the reasons for graduate unemployment?

The core reason leading to the current unemployment among bachelor and master degree holders is that we lack capable teachers and managers.

In higher education, it is hard to find someone that is good at all three aspects: training, research and management. There are many who have acquired several degrees, qualifications and diplomas but still have limited capacity.

Many businesses are strengthening training for staff at the managerial level to catch up with the development and the new era of management.

I think the education and training sector, instead of calling for teachers to be more passionate about innovation, should offer them opportunities to be trained both in Việt Nam and abroad.

The sector should also pay more attention to improving their lives. This is one of the most effective measures to improve the quality of education and training as well as reduce unemployment among graduates.

On the one hand, we have advanced universities that are listed among the top 500 or 1,000 universities in the region and the world. Many teachers and lecturers are very passionate and dedicated to their career, innovation and the development of this sector.

On the other hand, we also have those that lag behind which are slow in innovation and changes. They waste the resources of parents and students. Therefore, we need to have measures to tackle this problem. But it is not simple at all, it is challenging like fighting against corruption.

But with digital transformation along with increasingly updated and trustworthy information channels, there will be positive changes in this sector.

Many students seek well-paid jobs but when they graduate, these jobs may change. What is your advice for young people now?

We are living in the era of advanced technology, volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity.

Many jobs will disappear and there will be many new jobs created. We have been seeing this happen. Therefore young people should be ready for changes and unexpected things. Successful people are those who are always ready and well-prepared for new things.

Opportunities are there for everyone but not many are ready for challenges and able to overcome them to achieve success.

High-earning jobs are one of the legitimate demands of people. However, money is only a means in our life but shouldn’t be the purpose.

It doesn’t matter what role you have in this life. It is the passion and willingness to dedicate that matter. In the end, you will be a happy person. Sometimes, it is the profession that chooses you, not that you chooses it. —



HCMC reports another coronavirus case



HCMC reports another coronavirus case

The building where two Covid-19 suspects work on Pasteur Street, HCMC’s District 3 is isolated on May 18, 2021. Photo by VnExpress/Huu Khoa.

A woman working with a man who tested positive for the new coronavirus on Tuesday morning has also got infected, HCMC Health Department announced.

Her first test result arrived as positive Tuesday night after the city tracked down 59 people who have had contact with the 35-year-old man who lives in Thu Duc City, works at an auditing company District 3, and has tested positive at least twice.

According to the city’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the woman, 34, lives in Tan Kieng Ward of District 7 and also works at the auditing company.

She had visited northern Hai Phong City, a coronavirus hotspot, from April 24 to May 5.

She flew back to HCMC on May 5 on Vietnam Airlines flight VN1179 and ran a fever three days later. She bought medicine to treat herself and did not have her health checked at any healthcare facilities.

She took sick leave for three days after that and returned to work on May 11.

The city is tracing down passengers on the flight and people that have come into close contact with her.

The Thu Duc man has not been recorded by the Health Ministry as a Covid-19 patient.

He had visited Vinmec Hospital on Monday for symptoms including fever, coughing and sore throat and then his samples were taken for testing.

His mother, wife and two children who live with him have tested negative at least once.

For the ongoing Covid-19 wave that broke out in Vietnam three weeks ago, the health ministry has confirmed just one patient in HCMC. No new local transmission has been linked to the city for 75 days.

Nationwide, the new wave has seen 1,473 cases recorded in 28 cities and provinces.


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New Covid-19 cases continue to surge in Bac Giang



A medical worker handles test tubes containing samples for Covid-19 testing. Vietnam reported 48 new domestic Covid-19 cases on Tuesday evening – PHOTO: MINISTRY OF HEALTH

HCMC – Thirty-three out of 48 new domestic Covid-19 cases confirmed this evening, May 18, were detected in Bac Giang, keeping the northern province the biggest Covid-19 hotspot in the fourth Covid-19 wave.

The new cases in the province are people that had close contact with Covid-19 patients and had been quarantined before testing positive.

The province accounted for more than half of today’s Covid-19 tally, with 96 cases out of the country’s total of 152.

Among the remaining cases, 13 were reported in Bac Ninh Province, while Dien Bien and Thai Binh provinces had one case each. They were detected at quarantine centers or areas that are currently under lockdown.

Up to now, Vietnam has reported 4,512 Covid-19 cases, including 1,473 domestic infections in 28 cities and provinces in the latest outbreak starting late last month.

Bac Giang and Bac Ninh have been hit the hardest by the fourth Covid-19 wave, with 507 and 306 cases to date, respectively.

The Ministry of Health has asked some frontline hospitals and the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology to help Bac Giang Province with Covid-19 testing. The province is now capable of performing some 1,500 Covid-19 tests a day.

Many localities such as Hanoi, Quang Ninh, Yen Bai and Hai Duong have sent medical workers and equipment to Bac Giang to help the province fight off Covid-19.

For Bac Ninh Province, the Health Ministry has asked Bach Mai Hospital to send experts and mechanical ventilators to Bac Ninh Province General Hospital to assist the hospital in treating Covid-19 patients and restrict sending patients to the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases.


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Married Vietnamese couple probed for trading large amount of personal data



Vietnam’s Ministry of Public Security has initiated legal proceedings against a married couple who own an IT company for collecting and trading a large amount of personal data.

Officers confirmed on Monday they had begun probing Du Anh Quy, 33, and his wife – 29-year-old Lai Thi Phuong – for illegally exploiting information on computer and telecommunications networks.

Fifteen others are also being investigated for being involved in a ring that appropriated and traded a large amount of data in many provinces and cities.

Police investigation showed that VNIT TECH, owned by Quy and Phuong, operated in the field of information technology.

Since 2020, the couple had illegally collected, appropriated, and purchased nearly 1,300GB of data containing information of individuals and organizations nationwide.

The personal data relates to many fields, namely electricity service customers, parents, students, bank customers, business registration information, state agency personnel, insurance, household registration, telecommunications data, mobile phone subscribers, electronics customers, and customers of real estate projects, among others.

Lai Thi Phuong is in this photo provided by police officers.

Lai Thi Phuong is shown in this photo provided by police officers.

The data was publicly sold on many websites, accounts, pages, and groups on social networks such as Facebook, Zalo, and Telegram, as well as hacker forums.

Members of the ring also offered warranty policy and the capacity to update and extract the data at the request of buyers.

The data was collected from many sources and by many different methods, including by taking advantage of administration rights of information systems at some agencies and businesses.

Many buyers were individuals and businesses operating in such fields as insurance, foreign language teaching, and real estate, according to police officers.

Businesses that owned the stolen data showed the lack of responsibility in the management of their customers’ information and data, the officers said.

They also took no action although their customers’ information and data were sold publicly for a long time.

Some of them showed signs of providing customers’ information and data for a third party for illicit profits, officers stated.

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