The audit results of water resource management in the Mekong River basin show that the amount of water upstream of the river to the Cuu Long (Mekong Delta) has decreased sharply.
Saltwater intrusion and polluted canals have adversely affected the Mekong Delta region.
|The Mekong River faces a serious water shortage.|
The state audit agencies of three out of six countries in the Mekong River basin, including Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar, with professional and technical support from the State Audits of Malaysia, Indonesia, the World Bank (WB) and the Canadian Auditing and Accountability Fund (CAAF), have jointly audited the management of water resources in the Mekong River Basin.
The audit was carried out at four ministries and central agencies including the Vietnam Mekong River Commission, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and 12 provinces and cities in the Mekong River basin, including: An Giang, Dong Thap, Tien Giang, Soc Trang, Can Tho, Tra Vinh, Ca Mau, Hau Giang, Ben Tre, Gia Lai, Kon Tum and Dak Lak.
Implemented from March 3 to April 29, 2021, the audit assessed the management of water resources and Vietnam’s compliance with international commitments in the management, use and protection of water resources of the Mekong River basin, associated with the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and identified negative impacts due to the reduction of water resources of the Mekong River in Vietnam in the period 2016-2020.
The audit results show that the inadequacies and limitations in water resource management combined with climate change factors and the increase of water exploitation in the upstream countries have led to negative impacts on Vietnam, especially in the Mekong Delta. This area of more than 17.3 million people provides over 50% of rice production, 65% of aquatic production, and 70% of fruit production of Vietnam.
Specifically, the amount of water from upstream to the Mekong Delta in 2020 decreased by 157 billion m3 compared to 2011, while the amount of sediment fell by 14 million tons compared to 2017 (37%).
Many localities reported a decline in the number of species and the number of individuals of many species of creatures and aquatic species of the Mekong River. As a result, hundreds of thousands of workers had to leave their hometowns and their traditional jobs to look for jobs in big cities and urban areas.
Based on the audit results, the State Audit of Vietnam has proposed that the Vietnam Mekong River Commission assume the prime responsibility for and coordinate with relevant ministries, agencies and localities to develop technical documents/guidelines on monitoring the use of water on tributaries; maintain minimal flows (on the mainstream and tributaries of the Mekong River); and develop specific provisions and sanctions to resolve disputes over disagreements between member countries in the management and use of water in the Mekong River basin.
In addition, the Vietnam Mekong River Commission is asked to promote the Mekong River Commission (MRC) to implement the transfer of monitoring systems (fisheries, ecosystem health, silt…) and for the member countries to effectively operate these systems, in order to ensure a database for integrated management of water resources throughout the Mekong River Basin.
Netflix denies purchase of phimmoi domain name
Vietnamese users were surprised when they were redirected to Netflix.com when they tried to access phimmoi.net, a website that provides pirated movies.
When typing or copying the URL of phimmoi.net on Facebook, the social network’s function of previewing content also gave images of Netflix.
It’s unclear why the users of phimmoi, an unlicensed website, were redirected to a provider of copyrighted films. Phimmoi was listed among the top 20 websites with the highest number of visits in Vietnam, about 60-100 million a month. Netflix only provides copyrighted products, to 150,000 users in the country.
In late August, the investigation agency of the HCM City Police filed charges in a criminal case over copyright infringement related to phimmoi.net.
Investigators found that since 2014, one man in Lam Dong province has been operating a website showing movies for free on the internet. He hired two individuals with high IT qualifications in Dong Nai province to develop, administer and operate the website.
The team copied, exploited, used, broadcasted and disseminated movie products to the public without the consent of copyright holders. Phimmoi was also engaged in illegally advertising products and services on copyrighted films in order to gain illicit profits, which were large amounts of money.
This is the first criminal prosecution case against a website providing pirated movies in Vietnam. After phimmoi.net was blocked, the owner of the website continued providing services with other domain names, such as Phimmoiz.net, Phimmoizz.net, iphimmoi.net or ephimmoi.net most recently, maintaining illegal activities.
The information about redirection to Netflix.com caused a rumor hat Netflix had bought the phimmoi.net domain name.
However, a spokesman for Netflix, contacted by VietNamNet, denied this. “No business of Netflix has bought the phimmoi.net’s domain name,” the spokesman said.
On November 30, it was impossible to access phimmoi.net, even with a VPN. However, when typing the URL of phimmoi.net on Facebook, one still could see the information about Netflix’s website on previewed links.
In related news, in mid-November, Netflix announced the launch of free Netflix package reserved for Vietnamese users. Vietnam is the first market in Asia and one of a few markets in the world where Netflix is offering a free package.
This service package is specifically offered to Android users. Users need to be over 18 years old and have never had Netflix accounts to be eligible. They just need to register via phone or email.
Vietnam DX Summit: Vietnam’s awareness of digital transformation enhanced
Awareness of digital transformation has been enhanced and digital transformation has been seen in activities of the Government and socio-economic sectors, heard the Vietnam DX Summit 2021, which opened on December 1.
According to Deputy Minister Nguyen Huy Dung, digital transformation has become a new driving force to promote socio-economic development, contributing to the fight against the epidemic and economic recovery.
The event is held online by the Vietnam Software and IT services (VINASA) in collaboration with several units, and is broadcast on media platforms for three days. This is an opportunity for ministries, sectors, localities and businesses to exchange ideas, and discuss and propose solutions to make Vietnam go faster on the national digital transformation journey.
Deputy Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Huy Dung said that 2021 is the first year implementing the socio-economic development plan for 2021-2025, and also the year Vietnam has to face many difficulties and challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. In the current context, digital transformation has become an inevitable trend and a new driving force to promote socio-economic development, thus contributing to driving back the pandemic.
VINASA President Nguyen Van Khoa said that digital transformation is creating unprecedented changes in all areas of the country’s socio-economic life.
At the national level, the National Committee for Digital Transformation has been established on the basis of consolidating the National Committee on E-Government, making Vietnam one of the few countries in the world with the Prime Minister being the Chairman of the National Committee for Digital Transformation.
Dung shared that the Ministry of Information and Communications submitted to the Government a draft strategy for the development of digital economy and digital society, which is expected to be approved within this month.
The Vietnamese Government considers digital infrastructure, data infrastructure and national digital platforms key factors and is trying to accelerate the implementation of the national digital transformation roadmap, he added.
Within the framework of the summit, digital transformation-related issues in key industries such as finance, banking, health care, agriculture, transportation-logistics, real estate, industrial production and information security will be discussed in detail in seminars and Q&A sessions. In addition, consultation sessions and an exhibition featuring outstanding digital solutions will be held as well./.
Vietnam has yet to receive signal from NanoDragon satellite
Two out of nine satellites have yet to receive signal from the earth station 22 days after they were launched into orbit, said Deputy General Director of the Vietnam National Space Centre (VNSC) Le Xuan Huy.
NanoDragon satellite is developed by a group of scientists from the Vietnam Space Center (VNSC).
They are ARICA test satellite developed by Aoyama Gakuin University of Japan and Vietnam’s NanoDragon satellite.
Studied, designed and manufactured in Vietnam, NanoDragon was successfully launched into outer space at a height of 560km from the Uchinoura Space Centre in Japan’s Kagoshima prefecture on November 9.
Before the launch, NanoDragon underwent four rounds of safety inspection by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) with the strictest standards and important environment, shock and functional tests. It also passed rounds of examination in Vietnam and was sent to Japan for launching under JAXA’s plan on August 6.
All tests in Japan were closely monitored by its developer VNSC, the Kyushu Institute of Technology, JAXA, High-Reliability Engineering and Components Corporation (HIREC) and MEISEI – partner of VNSC in Japan and supplier of test equipment for NanoDragon.
VNSC also discussed eventualities that could happen to NanoDragon and sought measures with MEISEI and JAXA, Huy said, adding that VNSC’s engineers are actively seeking signal from the satellite./.
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