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Three major highlights in the upcoming general election: NA Secretary




Panels on the election of deputies to the National Assembly and People’s Councils of all levels for the 2021-26 tenure in the northern city of Hoà Bình. — VNA/ Photo Trọng Đạt

National Assembly (NA) General Secretary Bùi Văn Cường talks to the Việt Nam Government Portal (VGP) on the preparations and highlights of the upcoming election of deputies to the National Assembly and People’s Councils of all levels for the 2021-26 tenure.

With barely a month remaining until the general election, how are the preparations coming on so far?

As per the Politburo’s instructions in Directive No. 45-CT/TW, authorities from central to local levels have issued documents guiding the electoral preparations, covering issues such as the composition, number, and structure of NA deputies and representatives at People’s Councils at all levels to issues such as professional guidance, communication and publishing information, and ensuring security for the election.

Up to now, three rounds of consultations have been completed as well as an official list of people who are eligible and qualified to run for seats at the NA and People’s Council at all levels for the term 2021-26.

After the 3rd consultation conference, the National Election Council (NEC) has submitted the list of candidates nominated by the central agencies to their respective localities so that the provincial election committee would post the list of candidates in each constituency.

To ensure that the election preparations in localities are conducted legally, democratically, economically, and safely, the Standing Committee of the NA and NEC have issued a plan on supervision, which is held mostly from March to before the date of the election (May 23, 2021).

So far, 14 working groups have been sent to 40 localities to assess the preparations and evaluation of all 63 localities are expected to wrap up before May 20.

All contents related to the preparation of elections are considered and discussed by the NA in accordance with the principles of democratic centralism and majority decision. Since the start of the election cycle, the NEC has conducted a total of five plenary sessions.

What are the notable highlights in this election?

I would say that there are three major new highlights in this election.

First, preparations are being conducted quite early, including the leadership and the members of the NEC along with the subcommittees, have started earlier than previous elections, which help arrive at timely completion of core basis for the implementation of the preparations for the election.

The second major highlight is the new regulations in the make-up and the number of NA deputies and People’s Council representatives in line with the Law on the Organisation of the National Assembly (revised in 2020) and the Law on the Organisation of Local Administrations (revised in 2019). Accordingly, the number of full-time NA deputies has gone up 40 per cent of the total, while the number of representatives at the People’s Councils decreases by five to ten depending on each level of government and each type of administrative unit. The eligible age has also been reworked to accommodate the labour ministry’s new roadmap on retirement age provided in the Labour Code 2019 (which takes effect on January 1, 2021).

Third, the election is held while the threats of COVID-19 outbreaks are still very present and preparations have been made accordingly. Evaluation of the preparations in localities showed that even though they have planned for scenarios when there is local outbreaks, the prevention and control efforts still need to be prioritised and guards must not be let down to ensure the election is held safely and efficiently. This has been the first time health protocols have been integrated into security preparations.

The increase in full-time NA deputies is expected to help improve the quality of the NA. What are your thoughts on this?

NA deputies are the key factor deciding the performance of the parliament and the increase from 35 to 40 per cent with regards to full-time deputies aims to enhance the capacity of the NA.

However, in addition to increasing the number, the quality of these full-time deputies should also be a priority. Personnel planning issues have been discussed and prepared by the Party Committee of the NA on an annual basis with the principle of “dynamic” and “open” to let NA bodies enjoy certain initiatives and freedoms in the selection of the full-time deputies for the 15th tenure, but still the selection is carefully and meticulously done to ensure standards and regulations are met.

An instruction document on personnel for the 15th-tenure NA and People’s Committee released earlier this year from the Party Central Organisation Commission stated that other general standards for NA deputies, the full-time deputies must also meet criteria on education (holding a bachelor’s degree or above), age, health, and working positions, etc.

Could you tell us the expectations and duties placed on the NA deputies to contribute to the realisation of the aspirations for 2045, and guiding Việt Nam to the group of prosperous, developed nations?

There are two more decades left until 2045, a major milestone, or five working tenures of elected representatives.

To realise the development goals in 2045, the stepping stones must be laid by the incoming deputies.

The first and foremost task of each NA deputy is to perform the function of representing the people and the local voters who elect them to the post, as well as representing the people of the entire country. The task of a NA deputy is also to properly and well perform the responsibility of keeping in close contacts with the constituency, regularly meet with voters to listen to their opinions and expectations and concerns, and honestly and timely convey them to the parliament. NA deputies are also expected to receive, study, and request competent agencies to deal with voters’ petitions, complaints and denunciations, follow up and facilitate the settlement. They also have the duty to inform the constituency of their activities and are subject to their supervision.

In addition, NA deputies must be constantly improving their professional capacity, political and bravery mettle/fortitude in order to concretise the Party’s policies and resolutions in law building, supreme supervision, and decisions in the country’s major affairs, and to coordinate with State agencies in formulating national policies on socio-economic development, upholding national defence and security, and social security issues for the people nationwide. —



Việt Nam attends IPU’s virtual meeting on peace, security issues



Vietnamese delegates at the meeting. Photo

HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam has praised the efforts of the international community, including the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), in raising awareness and actions of parliaments, governments and people about peace and security issues caused by climate change, said permanent member of the Vietnamese National Assembly (NA)’s Committee for External Relations Lê Thu Hà.

She was speaking at a meeting of the IPU’s Standing Committee on Peace and Security held virtually in Geneva on Monday, with representatives from 35 countries taking part.

In order to improve the efficiency of multilateral cooperation, especially increasing the role of parliaments and the IPU in face of threats and conflicts related to climate change, the Vietnamese representative suggested parliaments continue maintaining strong political commitments and carry out specific actions in the spirit of respecting international law, making practical contributions to global agendas on climate change prevention for the world peace and security.

Việt Nam also highlighted the urgent need to provide support to developing countries to access financial resources, improve response capacity, develop new technologies and green energy, build effective and quality infrastructure in combination with generating jobs in adaptation to climate change.

Việt Nam believes that responding to climate change needs to be suitable to conditions of each country, and be integrated into national development strategies and plans on the basis of inclusive development and equality, placing the people at the centre, and further supporting the poor, disadvantaged people, women, and children. It is also necessary to have a national mechanism for monitoring and evaluating the implementation results and the improvement of climate change response capacity.

Parliaments of member countries need to make more effort to establish specific, synchronous and substantive policies and laws for their national and global climate change issues. Việt Nam suggested the IPU set up global initiatives and programmes on developing a low-emission economy to create a foundation for policy dialogue, experience sharing and capacity building for countries, as well as the conditions to encourage private investment in sectors with low greenhouse gas emissions.

The Vietnamese NA call for participating parliaments to urge their governments to fulfil their post-2020 responsibility in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and making financial contributions, if they have yet to complete the mission; and to conduct post-2020 obligations.

The NA also recommended parliaments actively restore economic development and relief activities to help those severely affected by climate change, ensuring that no one is left behind. Also needed is the transformation of development models towards low carbon emissions to ensure sustainable recovery and create new jobs for workers via the promotion of digital transformation, renewable energy, smart agriculture, smart transportation and the establishment of a circular economy.

Participants at the event also adopted a resolution on parliamentary policy to improve peace and security against threats and conflicts caused by climate change and natural disasters. —


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Việt Nam calls for use of emerging technologies for correct purposes



Ambassador Phạm Hải Anh, deputy head of the Vietnamese mission to the United Nations. VNA. Photo

HÀ NỘI — Ambassador Phạm Hải Anh, deputy head of the Vietnamese mission to the United Nations, called for the use of emerging technologies for the correct purposes at the UN Security Council (UNSC)’s video meeting on ‘The Impact of Emerging Technologies on International Peace and Security’ on Monday.

Addressing the event, which was initiated by the Permanent Missions of China and Egypt, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa and the UAE to the UN, the Vietnamese diplomat said emerging technologies helped promote co-operation and development, and contributed to tackling pressing global issues such as climate change, renewable energy, disease prevention, terrorism and food security.

The UNSC had used emerging technologies such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to protect civilians and ensure security and safety for peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Central Africa, and Mali, as well as investigate IS crimes in Iraq, he said.

The research, development and use of new technologies must be for the purposes of peace and development of mankind, in line with international law, the UN Charter, and meet the interests of developing countries, he stressed. 

To achieve these goals, countries needed a comprehensive, transparent and constructive approach at all UN forums, he said.


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Election preparations ready for voters to go to the polls



Preparations have been completed in all constituencies nationwide for over 69 million voters to elect deputies to the 15th National Assembly (NA) and all-level People’s Councils for the 2021 – 2026 tenure on May 23.

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Posters on the elections of deputies to the 15th NA and all-level People’s Councils for the 2021-2026 tenure (Photo: VNA)

In its report, the Government noted that despite complicated and unpredictable COVID-19 developments, thanks to the drastic and timely directions and the close coordination between the National Election Council, the NA Standing Committee, the Government, the Prime Minister, the Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee, and local Party committees and authorities, election preparations have been carried out in conformity with the Politburo’s directions and legal regulations.

Minister of Home Affairs Pham Thi Thanh Tra said to gear up for the elections, organisations in charge of the voting have been set up in localities, with 63 election committees at the provincial level, 682 others at the district level, and 10,134 at the communal level.

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Police officers of Hanoi’s Ba Dinh district check the preparations for the elections (Photo: VNA)

As many as 84,767 election groups have been established in constituencies across the country. Localities’ data show that there are 69,198,594 voters in the coming elections.

Meanwhile, the official list of candidates in the NA election consists of 866 people, including 203 from central agencies, 663 from localities, and nine self-nominated. The new parliament will have 500 deputies.

There are 6,201 candidates in the election of deputies to provincial-level People’s Councils, including 18 self-nominated. Among them, 3,727 are set to be selected.

So far, the National Election Council has agreed to early voting in some constituencies with certain disadvantages in 15 provincial-level localities, namely Hai Phong, Can Tho, Ca Mau, Quang Binh, Khanh Hoa, Quang Nam, Ba Ria – Vung Tau, Binh Dinh, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Kon Tum, Hau Giang, Kien Giang, Nghe An, and Bac Lieu./. VNA


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