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Two children drown in southern Vietnamese province over babysitter negligence

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Two little children drowned in a pond in the southern Vietnamese province of Binh Duong while their babysitter was doing house chores on Friday.

According to preliminary information, N.T.G, a 46-year-old woman from the southernmost province of Ca Mau and living in Binh Duong’s Ben Cat Town, babysat her grandchild N.H.M., who was born in Ca Mau in 2018, and N.T.T.V., an acquaintance’s child at the same age as M., from the Central Highlands province of Dak Lak.

After doing some house chores, G. found out that the two children had gone missing. 

She and some neighbors searched for the babies everywhere to no avail.

It was until people reached a nearby pond that they found the babies motionless in the water.

Despite emergency treatment at a hospital, the two children died.

The two families already took the bodies of the babies to their hometowns for funeral rituals.

According to the Health Environment Management Agency under the Ministry of Health, a research by the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in 2017 showed that an average of over 7,000 children drowned each year in Vietnam, accounting for 22.6 percent of injuries and accidents, behind the road crash death rate of 26.7 percent.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20201121/two-children-drown-in-southern-vietnamese-province-over-babysitter-negligence/57884.html

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Antimicrobial resistance increases in VN, mostly due to antibiotic overuse

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Antimicrobial resistance is increasing in Việt Nam. — VNA/ Photo Dương Ngọc

HCM CITY — A 56-year-old patient from Bình Thuận Province was hospitalised recently at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in HCM City for prolonged fever and diarrhoea.

After examination, Dr Dư Lê Thanh Xuân said the patient had Cushing syndrome, which has symptoms of a fatty hump between the shoulders, a rounded face, and pink or purple stretch marks on the skin.

The patient was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, but the situation became worse. Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation then had to be used.

The hospital’s doctors also began using a stronger antibiotic called Carbapenem, but the patient’s blood pressure was unstable and recovery was slow.

The doctors then ordered a blood culture test which checked for bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms. The results showed the presence of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas bacteria.

The doctors decided to use a new antibiotic called Ceptaxidime, but the patient had a fever again, a worse blood infection, and kidney failure as well.

Another antibiotic Caspofulgin was used to treat the patient.

“We treated him for 25 days with Caspofulgin instead of seven or 10 days as we do for other patients,” Xuân said.  

The patient, who has now been transferred from the ICU to a normal treatment room, is one of many who have been exposed to multidrug-resistant bacteria at the hospital, she said.

Dr Nguyễn Thanh Trường, the deputy head of the hospital, said the hospital’s rate of antimicrobial resistance is 30 per cent to 40 per cent.

The hospital each year has had an average of 150 patients with severe multidrug-resistance. The figure is increasing, Trường said. Since January, 147 out of 1,700 tests have shown patients’ exposure to multidrug-resistant bacteria such as Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, E.Coli and others, which are resistant to the new-generation antibiotic Carbapenem.

Dr Trần Quyết Tiến, deputy head of Chợ Rẫy Hospital, said that the hospital’s rate of antimicrobial resistance is more than 60 per cent, leading to difficulties in treatment and increased costs as well as influences on patients’ health.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), antimicrobial resistance is the ability of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, to grow in the presence of a drug that would normally kill them or limit their growth.

Dr Nguyễn Văn Vĩnh Châu, head of the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, said that nearly 88 per cent of Vietnamese buy antibiotics at drugstores without doctors’ prescriptions, a practice that leads to overuse and antimicrobial resistance.

Moreover, doctors, especially at private health clinics, prescribe antibiotics improperly, Châu said, adding that several public hospitals have not set up a division to control antibiotic usage.

Dr Nguyễn Văn Hảo of the hospital said the environment at hospitals, especially in the Department of Resuscitation – Emergency, is an ideal area to spread drug-resistant bacteria if the control of infections is not carried out strictly.

Dr Ngô Thị Hoa of the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in HCM City said the use of antibiotics in agriculture has also contributed to an increase in antimicrobial resistance.

Châu said that nearly 10 million people in the world will die from causes related to antimicrobial resistance by 2050, so the proper use of antibiotics should be managed more strictly.

According to the World Health Organisation, Việt Nam is among the countries with a growing threat of antimicrobial resistance. —

 

 

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/817558/antimicrobial-resistance-increases-in-vn-mostly-due-to-antibiotic-overuse.html

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Long An to expand high-quality, hi-tech rice farming

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Harvesting rice in Long An Province. The province aims to increase the cultivation of high-quality rice varieties and the use of technology in 2020-25 to help improve farmers’ incomes. — Photo baolongan.vn

LONG AN — The Cửu Long (Mekong) Delta province of Long An plans to increase its rate of high-quality rice cultivation to 70 -75 per cent during 2021 – 25 from the current 50 per cent, according to its Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

It aims to produce 2.5 million tonnes of grain annually during the period.

Nguyễn Thanh Truyền, director of the department, said to achieve the targets advocacy of environmental protection and improving the quality of agricultural produce would be undertaken.

The province would speed up construction of irrigation works like water pumping stations, ditches in crop fields and saltwater prevention sluices, research and create suitable sowing schedules, identify rice varieties to be grown in each locality, and organise courses to train farmers in farming techniques, he said.

It will focus on implementing an existing programme to develop high-tech agriculture and increase its high-tech rice farming area from the current 20,000ha to 60,000ha by 2025.

Last year the province produced 2.8 million tonnes of rice, including some high-quality varieties like Đài Thơm 8, OM 4900, Nàng Hoa 9, ST24, and ST25.

ST25 won the first prize at the 2019 World’s Best Rice Contest.

In 2013 the province zoned more than 48,000ha for growing high – quality varieties in 25 communes in the Đồng Tháp Mười (Plain of Reeds) region to serve exports, improve efficiency and enhance farmers’ incomes.

In these areas, farmers have to use advanced techniques like ‘one must and five reductions’ and ‘three reductions and three increases.’

The former requires farmers to use certified seeds, and reduce seedlings, plant protection chemicals, nitrogen fertilisers, irrigation, and post-harvest losses.

Trần Văn Lắm, who uses advanced techniques to grow rice in Tân Thạnh District’s Bắc Hòa Commune, said he is able to reduce the use of seeds for sowing by 20 – 50 kilogramme per hectare and fertilisers by 20 – 30 per cent compared to traditional methods.

His costs are down by VNĐ2 – 2.5 million (US$90 – 110) per hectare while yields are 500 – 800 kg higher, he said.

“The income is VNĐ 4 – 6 million ($170 – 260) per hectare higher.”

The high-quality varieties, too, fetch farmers higher incomes.  

Lê Hoàng Phi in Thạnh Hóa District’s Tân Đông Commune has switched to glutinous rice variety IR 4625 in his 1.5ha field because of its high quality, resistance to diseases and steady demand and price.

He uses technology, organic fertilisers and bio-products to meet market demand and earns VNĐ50 million ($2,160) a year, he said.

Long An is expected to have 498,300ha under rice this year, slightly down from last year, according to the department.

The average rice yield is expected to be 140kg higher than last year at 5.6 tonnes per hectare.  

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/society/817542/long-an-to-expand-high-quality-hi-tech-rice-farming.html

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101 Vietnam Airlines staff quarantined in HCMC camp

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101 Vietnam Airlines staff quarantined in HCMC camp

Health staff screen Vietnam Airlines’ flight crew returning from South Korea at Noi Bai Airport in Hanoi, September 2020. Photo by VnExpress/Giang Huy.


101 employees have been quarantined at the HCMC’s Cu Chi Field Hospital after two Vietnam Airlines facilities were shut down.

On December 2, authorities in HCMC shut down two isolation facilities of Vietnam Airlines on Hong Ha Street in Tan Binh District as ordered by the health minister.

The order came after one of the carrier’s flight attendants, “Patient 1342,” contracted the virus from a colleague while being quarantined at the facility before returning home for self-isolation and spreading the virus to his friend, “Patient 1347.”

A representative of Vietnam Airlines said 101 staff of the airline – 48 pilots, 16 flight attendants and ground and aircraft maintenance staff – have been taken to the field hospital in the outlying Cu Chi District.

Carriers are allowed to set up their own isolation facilities to serve quarantine demand for pilots and flight attendants. Since last June, Vietnam Airlines has been operating two isolation facilities in HCMC and one in Hanoi.

At these facilities, the flight crew would undergo two tests at least 72 hours in between. If the results of both tests were negative for the novel coronavirus, they would be allowed to go home and self-quarantine themselves for 14 days.

The flight attendant, 28, had returned to Vietnam from Japan on November 14 and was quarantined for four days at the facility. After two tests showed he was negative for the coronavirus, he was released and asked to isolate himself at home.

On November 29, the flight attendant tested positive for the virus.

Currently the airline has more than 1,000 pilots and about 3,500 flight attendants.

Earlier, in order to ensure availability of staff for subsequent flights, Vietnam Airlines allowed the flight crew to continue joining other flights as long as they showed two negative results though they had not completed a 14-day quarantine period.

The national flag carrier issued a public apology following its flight attendant breaking quarantine rules during his home-isolation period, resulting in Vietnam’s third Covid-19 outbreak by community transmission.

The carrier said “the flight attendant had seriously violated quarantine regulations of the government and the company.” After completing treatment and quarantine procedures, he will be disciplined, it said in a statement.

The airline is also evaluating and clarifying the responsibilities of people involved.

Transport Minister Nguyen Van The said the ministry will seek feedback from relevant agencies to decide punitive measures against Vietnam Airlines for failing to prevent the spread of Covid-19 at its quarantine facilities.

The Vietnam Airlines representative said the carrier would propose that all staff are tested three to four times during the quarantine period instead of the current protocol of two.

The Vietnam Airlines’ quarantine facility in Hanoi is quarantining 164 staff. The capital city’s health department has not yet decided to shut down the facility.

At a government meeting Tuesday, Hanoi and HCMC proposed scrapping preferential quarantine regulations for aviation staff. Flight crew members returning from abroad should instead be sent to centralized quarantine facilities for the usual 14-day isolation.

Airlines whose crew flout Covid-19 quarantine rules and transmit the infection will not be allowed to operate international flights, the Ministry of Transport warned Tuesday.

Source: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/101-vietnam-airlines-staff-quarantined-in-hcmc-camp-4200454.html

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