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Việt Nam aims for GDP per capita of $5,000 by 2025, developed country status by 2045: 13th Party Congress’s Resolution

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Party delegates voted to adopt the Resolution of the 13th National Party Congress at the final session of the Congress held on February 1, 2021. — VNA/ Photo 

HÀ NỘI — The Communist Party is aiming for Việt Nam to reach GDP per capita of $5,000 by 2025 and to be a developed country by 2045. 

The goals are part of the Resolution of the 13th National Party Congress held from January 25 to February 1, the entirety of which has just been released by the Office of the Party Central Committee.

The Resolution noted the highlight of the 12th tenure was the successful handling of the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in significant economic achievements – including stable macroeconomics, controlled inflation and high GDP growth, while people’s living standards were improved. The fight against corruption, loss and waste was intensified, while the socio-political situation remained stable, foreign relations deepened and Việt Nam’s profile on the international stage grew.

However, numerous shortcomings – including slow modernisation and industrialisation, shifting in the growth model, limited competitiveness and quality and productivity of the economy, inadequate adaptation to climate change and environment protection demands, drawbacks in Party building and rectification, that science and technology has not been the driving engine of socio-economic growth and the lives of certain groups of people remain difficult – of the 12th tenure have been identified in the Resolution.

The achievements of 35 years of implementation of đổi mới (Reform), 30 years of implementing the 1991 Party Platform and in the 10 years of implementing the 2011 Revised Party Platform have proved that the country’s path towards socialism is consistent with Việt Nam’s practical situation and the times’ development trends, with the Party’s righteous leadership the leading factor in Việt Nam’s revolutionary victories, the Resolution reads.

Amid rapidly shifting and complex developments in the global scene, the Party Platform continues to serve as the ideological flag to gather the collective strength of united peoples for the goal of a “prosperous-people, strong-nation, democratic, equitable, and civilised” Việt Nam.

Development vision and orientations

In the coming years, the challenges and opportunities of a complicated world demand the entire Party and Vietnamese people to “unite” and continue to have major changes in mindset and make correct and timely forecasts of the situation to prepare and deal with any circumstance, to “bring the country forward on the path of rapid, sustainable development” and the attainment of many orientations, goals, and tasks.

The Resolution lists major guiding orientations of the years forward, including “persistent and innovative” implementation of Marxist-Leninism and Hồ Chí Minh ideology, persistent pursuit of socialism and independence and upholding national interests based on the principles of the United Nations’ Charter and international law and the spirit of equal and win-win co-operation, with national defence and security in mind.

It also aims to enhance patriotism, the spirit of resilience, national unity and people’s aspirations to develop a prosperous and happy nation, promoting socialist democracy, enhancing the quality of human resources and promoting innovation and science and technology – especially the achievements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution – in service of the country’s sustainable and rapid development.

In addition, Party building and governance are goals, working towards a streamlined and effective Party system with quality cadres and civil servants.

The “general objectives” are identified as improving the Party’s leadership and ruling capacity; building a pure, strong and comprehensive Party and political system; consolidating and raising people’s confidence in the Party, the State and the socialist regime; fomenting aspirations to develop a prosperous and happy country; promoting the will and strength of national solidarity; promoting comprehensive and synchronous đổi mới (reforms), industrialisation, and modernisation; building and firmly defending the Fatherland, maintaining a peaceful and stable environment; and striving to become a developed country with socialist orientations by the middle of the 21st century.

The “particular objectives” are set on Việt Nam becoming a developed nation with a modern industrial base and leaving the ranks of lower-middle-income countries by 2025 – the year marking the 50th anniversary of the liberation of the south and national reunification. By 2030, when the Party celebrates its 100th founding anniversary, Việt Nam is hoped to become a developing country with a modern industrial base and upper-middle incomes. By 2045, the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Việt Nam, now the Socialist Republic of Việt Nam, Việt Nam is hoped to become a developed, industrialised nation with high income.

In 2021-25, the Resolution sets a target for average GDP growth of 6.5-7 per cent, GDP per capita by 2025 reaching $4,700-5,000, the contributions of total factor productivity (TFP) in economic growth reaching 45 per cent, the labour productivity increase hitting 6.5 per cent a year, urbanisation reaching 45 per cent, the ratio of processing and manufacturing industries in the GDP exceeding 25 per cent, and the digital economy accounting for 20 per cent of the country’s GDP.

In this time frame, the Resolution aims for agricultural labour ratio staying at 25 per cent, the ratio of trained labour reaching 70 per cent, urban unemployment kept at below 4 per cent, the rate of multidimensional poverty maintaining a decrease of 1-1.5 per cent year-on-year, aiming for 10 doctors and 30 hospital beds for every 10,000 people, striving towards 95 per cent of the Vietnamese population being covered under the State’s health insurance, life expectancy reaching 74.5 years, and the ratio of communes obtaining new rural standards reaching at least 80 per cent, including 10 per cent meeting the requirements of exemplary new rural standards.

In terms of environment, by 2025, the goals are to have 95-100 per cent of the urban population and 93-95 per cent of rural population having access to clean and hygienic water, 90 per cent of urban waste properly collected and treated, 92 per cent of active industrial-processing zones outfitted with proper wastewater treatment facilities; 100 per cent of all businesses polluting the environment punished; and upholding the national forest coverage at 42 per cent.

The 13th tenure has “six central tasks”, with the first being Party building, building rules-based socialist State, with effective, corruption-free governance. The second task is controlling the COVID-19 pandemic, ensuring COVID-19 vaccination coverage, while engaging in economic recovery, pursuing the transformation of growth model and economic restructuring, implementing national digital transformation strategy, raising labour productivity and innovation, and third is upholding independence, improving the effectiveness of foreign affairs and international integration, building modern and elite armed forces, and maintaining peaceful and stable environment for development.

The fourth central task is inspiring patriotism among the people to develop a prosperous and happy nation, promoting the role of cultural values and the strength of Vietnamese people in nation-building and defence, with detailed policies to develop the culture of ethnic minority groups, carrying out social policies and ensuring social security for the people, raising living standards and happiness indexes of the Vietnamese people. Fifth is perfecting the legal system, institutions, and policies to promote socialist democracy. The final central task is to strictly manage, reasonably and effectively use land and natural resources, protecting the environment, and implementing adaptation measures to cope with climate change and natural disasters.

Breakthrough strategies

To achieve the goals, the Party sets three major breakthrough strategies – completing development institutions, developing human resources, and building modern infrastructure.

Regarding institutions, the Party identifies the need to improve development institutions for a socialist-oriented market economy; reforming State governance towards modernity and competitiveness; improving the legal system and institutions to create a favourable, healthy, and fair business and investment environment for all sectors of the economy where innovation can foster; mobilising, managing and using all resources – especially land, finance, public-private partnership – for development purposes; bolstering reasonable decentralisation, while enhancing inspections and keeping powers in check via the legal system.

For human resources, the Party wants a priority on high-quality human resources for leadership and management and key positions, based on “comprehensive and radical transformation of education and training quality in tandem with recruitment and incentive policies”; promoting research, transfer, application and development of science and technology, innovation; promoting the aspirations for national development, people’s sense of unity and national pride in nation-building and defence efforts.

The Resolution also states the demand for “modern and synchronous” social and economic infrastructure, with a focus on national key transport projects, climate adaptation projects, and information and communications projects to serve national digital transformation and the development of a digital economy and society. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/888000/viet-nam-aims-for-gdp-per-capita-of-5000-by-2025-developed-country-status-by-2045-13th-party-congresss-resolution.html

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Four questions sparked Quang Ninh’s awakening 10 years ago

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A decade ago, the northern province of Quang Ninh faced bottlenecks in infrastructure development. 

It took people nearly a day to go to Van Don from Hanoi. The time to travel from Hanoi to Ha Long City was five to six hours, Quang Ninh’s Party Secretary Nguyen Xuan Ky told VietNamNet.

Bốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trước

Van Don today is much different from itself 10 years ago.

Nearly 10 years ago, former Vice Chairman of Quang Ninh Provincial People’s Committee Nguyen Van Thanh and Mr. Nguyen Duc Long, chairman of the Quang Ninh Provincial People’s Council, took on an important task: inviting an American billionaire to visit Van Don in order to call for investment in turning this island district into a tourist destination with a casino.

After great efforts to contact him, the American billionaire flew to Vietnam on a special flight. As the road to Van Don was inconvenient, the time to travel from Hanoi to the site was nearly a day. Quang Ninh’s officials borrowed the aircraft of the boss of the Hoa Phat Group to take the American businessman to Van Don.

The reception was carefully prepared by Quang Ninh authorities. When stepping down from the plane, the American billionaire shook hands with Quang Ninh’s Party Secretary Mr. Pham Minh Chinh (the current Prime Minister) and said: “I know you are a very active leader, but I would like to ask a few questions.”

“He asked four questions,” said Nguyen Van Thanh, former vice chairman of Quang Ninh.

The first question was about infrastructure from Hanoi to Van Don, and from other countries to Van Don because at that time no such facilities existed. The second question was about national planning for Van Don. The third question was about a related law because “projects worth tens of billions of US dollars cannot be implemented under decrees”. The final question was about the person authorized to act on behalf of the Prime Minister to make decisions on related issues to investment and investors.

Bốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trước

Former Vice Chairman of Quang Ninh Province Nguyen Van Thanh. Photo: Pham Cong

Those questions awakened Quang Ninh’s leaders, although at that time they could not give sufficient answers to the potential investor from the US. Many years later, Quang Ninh authorities strived to seek the answers.

“This story shows that if we want to attract investment, everything comes from what investors need and how we can satisfy them, Mr. Thanh said.

At that time, Mr. Pham Minh Chinh and the local Party Committee outlined strategic breakthroughs for Quang Ninh’s development. That was changing the growth model from “brown” (coal mining) to “green” (tourism and service development), improving infrastructure, reforming administration, improving human resources, and attracting investment resources.

Planning

The questions of the US billionaire revealed the state of infrastructure in Quang Ninh 10 years ago.

Infrastructure at that time was reviewed by Quang Ninh’s Party Secretary Nguyen Xuan Ky with numbers.

Bốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trước

Quang Ninh’s Party chief Nguyen Xuan Ky: Good planning will create good projects. The planning itself is a resource, not common documents. Photo: Pham Cong

“After 2010, Quang Ninh faced a bottleneck in infrastructure. Those who wanted to go to Van Don could just stand from afar. It took three hours from Dong Trieu to Ha Long and fivr to six hours from Hanoi to Ha Long. It would be almost a day for traveling from Dong Trieu town to Mong Cai border gate,” Mr. Nguyen Xuan Ky said.

According to Mr. Ky, this was the first challenge that former Party Secretary Pham Minh Chinh and Quang Ninh’s leaders had to overcome.

Improving infrastructure was one of the breakthroughs for Quang Ninh to accelerate its development. But investment in infrastructure was huge. In 2010, Quang Ninh’s budget revenue was only VND21.9 trillion, 70 percent of which was from import and export, which was contributed to the state budget. The remaining several trillions of VND was not enough to do anything great.

The province, thus, needed to attract investment from outside. To attract investors, investment planning was a must. Under the direction of Mr. Pham Minh Chinh, in 2012, Quang Ninh started developing plans with the assistance of many leading consultants such as Mckinsey, BCG (USA), Nikken Sekkei Civil Engineering- NSC, NIPPON KOEI. (Japan).

In 2014, Quang Ninh completed seven strategic plans which were the foundation for the province to implement targets on socio-economic development, promote its potential and strengths and attract investment resources, including private investment.

Bốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trước

Quang Ninh’s Party Secretary Pham Minh Chinh at the ceremony to announce the province’s strategic planning in September 2014. Photo: quangninh.gov.vn

“They (international consultants) said money would come from this plan,” Mr. Thanh recalled. Quang Ninh was also the first province in Vietnam to ask for the Government’s permission to hire foreign consultants to undergo planning.

Public-private partnership was also an idea originating from international consultants. Quang Ninh asked for and got the Government’s approval for pilot implementation of this form of investment.

With the motto “public investment leads private investment”, the selected forms were: public leadership – private management, public investment – private management, private investment – public use. On December 5, 2013, the provincial Party Committee issued resolution 10-NQ/TU instructing Party Committees at all levels to pilot the public – private investment forms.

Explaining the reason for the issuance of this resolution, Mr. Ky said that the biggest goal at that time was to change perception, because everything must come from the change of thinking. To take the lead, it must start from the leaders of Party Committees.

Ha Long – Hai Phong Expressway, Ha Long – Van Don Expressway, Bach Dang Bridge, Van Don International Airport, Hon Gai International Cruise Wharf, and Van Don – Mong Cai Expressway were built in such circumstances. So far, the total investment capital raised from others sources, not the state budget, has reached hundreds of trillion dong.

It is estimated that for every VND1 of the state budget invested in technical infrastructure projects, the province attracted VND8-9 from off-budget investment capital. The budget capital was only invested in public works that served cultural purposes, social security, and health care purposes such as hospitals, museums.

“Only in Quang Ninh did private investors build infrastructure works like airports, ports and highways. Because they believed in our commitments, they believed that in the long term they will get a profit from their investment, although it was not easy,” Quang Ninh’s Party Secretary said.

If they invested in real estate, they would collect money very quickly, while investing in airports and ports is risky, he added.

But many doubted Quang Ninh’s brave policies. Van Don international airport is an example. Although the date of the groundbreaking was set, the letters of invitation delivered, Quang Ninh had to abruptly cancel the ceremony when a senior official still wondered where to get the money to build it. It took a long time for the project to resume.

On the basis of the pilot schemes of Quang Ninh and a number of ministries and central agencies, the Government issued Decree No. 15/2015/ND-CP dated February 14, 2015 on the investment form of public-private partnerships. In 2020, the National Assembly enacted the Law on Investment in the form of public-private partnerships.

“The biggest difficulty on the first day was to change the perception of officials, to create consensus among the people, the momentum for the whole political system, to build investors’ trust”, Mr. Ky recalled. “Without trust, no one would spend money because there was no related law at that time.”

He said that several trillion dong of budget capital attracted capital, to build the Bach Dang bridge, highways, Van Don airport, and an international cruise port. These were owing to seven master plans made in 2012. Planning is a very important guide, which is both an indicator of trust and the local government’s strong commitment to investors. The planning itself is a resource, not a common document. Good planning can add value to a fallow area.

Bốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trướcBốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trướcBốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trướcBốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trướcBốn câu hỏi thức tỉnh Quảng Ninh 10 năm trước

Great infrastructure works built in the past decade in Quang Ninh.

“Good planning will create good projects. Having good projects will have good investors,” Quang Ninh’s Party Secretary said, repeating the familiar saying of Mr. Pham Minh Chinh when he was the province’s Party Chief.

Van Don today is different from 10 years ago: There are highways, bridges, an airport. For the entire province, for nearly 10 years, Quang Ninh has been a “star of reform” in Vietnam, the pioneer in piloting new policies, a locality with soaring positions in rankings and with great contributions to the state budget.

Nearly 10 years ago, the American billionaire asked four questions and left. That was a problem, a challenge that leaders of Quang Ninh had to try to solve. The most meaningful answer was that the American billionaire’s corporation planned to return to invest in Quang Ninh. Ten years ago, Quang Ninh’s officials had to go everywhere to call for investment, but now it has become an attractive destination and can confidently screen investors according to its strategy.

On its 10-year journey, with hurdles and breakthroughs to create pillars for development, Quang Ninh has become a development pole under the criterion of “convergence – spreading”.

Quang Ninh’s former Party Secretary Pham Minh Chinh set a target that by 2020, Quang Ninh would become one of the poles of economic growth in North Vietnam. The current Party Secretary Nguyen Xuan Ky confidently emphasized that the target has been achieved. The achievements are a resource and a valuable driving force for Quang Ninh to continue its journey of exploration and innovation to continue its goals.

Luong Bang

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/four-questions-sparked-quang-ninh-s-awakening-10-years-ago-727648.html

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Leaders of 13th Party Central Committee’s Commissions

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Following the 13th National Party Congress, leaders of 13th Party Central Committee’s Commissions have been consolidated.

Leaders of 13th Party Central Committee’s Commissions hinh anh 1

VNA

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/politics/leaders-of-13th-party-central-committee-s-commissions-727688.html

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Vietnam, Brunei agree on maintaining joint committee on cooperation

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Foreign Minister Bui Thanh Son held a phone talk with Brunei Second Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato Erywan Pehin Yusof on April 13, 

during which both agreed to regularly and effectively maintain the nations’ mechanism of joint committee on bilateral cooperation.

Vietnam, Brunei agree on maintaining joint committee on cooperation hinh anh 1

Vietnamese Foreign Minister Bui Thanh Son (Photo: VNA)

At their phone call, the Brunei minister congratulated Son on his appointment as Foreign Minister, praised Vietnam’s attainments in pandemic prevention and socio-economic development as well as outstanding achievements in external relations, including its 2020 ASEAN chairmanship and the position as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2020 – 2021.

Minister Son, meanwhile, spoke highly of the two nations lifting of their ties to comprehensive partnership on the occasion of the Sultan of Brunei’s visit to Vietnam in 2019 and expressed his delight at the sound development of the two countries’ cooperation, particularly in trade last year despite COVID-19.

Both ministers agreed to soon build an action plan to implement the comprehensive partnership for the next five years and regularly and effectively maintain the nations’ mechanism of joint committee on bilateral cooperation while studying to establish a political consultation mechanism and signing a memorandum of understanding on cooperation between the two foreign ministries as soon as possible.

They also concurred on boosting the two nations’ cooperation in trade and investment.

Son took the occasion to thank Brunei and other ASEAN member states for supporting Vietnam in holding its role as ASEAN Chair in 2020 and as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2020 – 2021.

Vietnam actively backs Brunei’s ASEAN chairmanship this year, he affirmed.

Son invited Dato Erywan Pehin Yusof to visit Vietnam at a convenient time, and the Brunei minister accepted the invitation with pleasure./.VNA

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/politics/vietnam-brunei-agree-on-maintaining-joint-committee-on-cooperation-727598.html

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