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Việt Nam preparing for a greenhouse gas emission reporting system




Thick smog is seen in Hà Nội on November 17 as air quality in the city and other northern localities worsened. — Photo Việt Thanh.

HÀ NỘI — Faced with worsening air pollution, Việt Nam is developing a system to monitor and manage greenhouse gas emissions. 

Based on the revised Environmental Protection Law approved in 2020 and the detailed enforcement regulations, the Vietnamese Government is proceeding with the construction of a greenhouse gases (GHG) emission reporting system for business establishments.

It is expected that next year, the Prime Minister will issue a decision that promulgates a list of GHG-emitting sectors and facilities that must submit GHG inventory.

According to a draft proposed by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), fields and establishments that must conduct a greenhouse gas inventory are those operating in sectors of industry and trade, transport, agriculture and rural development, natural resources and environment, and construction.

According to the ministry, in the current context, it is necessary to issue the list of sectors and establishments that must have GHG inventory as it would help build a grassroots-level greenhouse gas emission database, determine greenhouse gas emission quotas, develop carbon markets with the broad participation of businesses operating in many economic fields.

In particular, the identification of areas and facilities would help improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the State management of greenhouse gas emissions nationwide and contribute to the implementation of Việt Nam’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)

Việt Nam submitted the updated NDC to the United Nations and integrated it into law. Specifically, the country commits to reducing GHG emissions by nine per cent by 2030 and 27 per cent with domestic capacities and international support respectively.

The GHG reduction rates in the updated version of NDC are higher than the original contribution. Concerning the energy sector, it will significantly reduce coal-fired power. Meanwhile, renewable energy will be increased to 20 per cent of the total primary supply by 2030 and to 30 per cent by 2045. Furthermore, Việt Nam will reduce the GHG emissions per GDP by about 15 per cent by 2030 and methane emissions in agricultural production by ten per cent.

Since April 2021, Việt Nam has been conducting a campaign to plant one billion trees by 2025, which will absorb two to three per cent GHG emissions by 2030. In October 2021, a draft decree regulating the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the protection of the ozone layer was submitted for approval.

Speaking at a conference on GHG inventory on Wednesday, Lương Quang Huy, Head of Mitigation Desk under MONRE’s Department of Climate Change, said that according to Clause 3, Article 91 of the Law on Environmental Protection, the list of facilities to submit GHG inventory include power plants, industrial facilities that consume more than 3,000 tonnes of oil equivalent (TOE – a unit of energy defined as the amount of energy released by burning one ton of crude oil) in total per year; transport companies that consume more than 1,000 TOE in total per year, commercial buildings that consume more than 1,000 TOE per year and solid waste management facilities with a capacity 65,000 tonnes per year.

“The first list will be established in early 2022 in the form of a PM’s decision and it will be updated every two years by MONRE, line ministries and local governments,” he said.

Also next year, Government would issue a decree on GHG emission reduction and ozone layer protection – a move aiming to meet the target committed in the updated National Determined Contribution.

Accordingly, from 2022 to 2025, there is no pressure on facilities to reduce emissions but there will be activities focusing on enhancing capacity to carry out GHG inventory and to develop mitigation plans.

The country is expected to set up a national GHG inventory system and a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for greenhouse gas emission.

From 2026 to the end of 2030, mitigation measures at all levels will be implemented, quotas for emissions will be distributed.

During the period, business establishments will be required to have an MRV system for managing mitigation at the facility level.

Huy said that MONRE and the Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) were implementing a project on supporting for Planning and Implementation of National Determined Contribution in Việt Nam (SPI- NDC).

Under the project, they are developing a pilot online reporting system which would be tested, re-designed and expanded to help Việt Nam effectively launch its GHG inventory as planned.

On Wednesday, under the project framework, JICA and MONRE organised a stakeholder dialogue on designing facility-level GHG reporting in Việt Nam. During the dialogue, experts from Japan and Singapore spoke about the two country’s GHG inventory systems and shared experiences in developing and operating the systems.

Managing Director of Việt Nam Technology Solutions Joint Stock Company Hoàng Hải said that regarding the development of the facility-level GHG online reporting system, it was necessary to develop a training mechanism for consultants in conducting GHG inventory for enterprises.

Other work includes developing specific sanctions to require and encourage enterprises to conduct GHG inventory reports periodically, to develop a specific procedure for compliance checks and approving reports.

Hải said that discussions with enterprises were also needed to identify the conditions for a feasible reporting system.

Enterprises and local State management agencies must be trained to use the system and learn about its updates, he said. —




Medigo’s app makes prescription deliveries available 24/7 in Vietnam

Over the last three years, Ho Chi Minh City-based Medigo has grown to 500,000 active users by providing 24/7 on-demand prescription delivery services.



Now Ho Chi Minh City-based Medigo is planning to grow its telehealth ecosystem with $2 million in new funding by East Ventures, with participation from Pavilion Capital and Touchstone Partners.

The new capital will allow Medigo to expand its remote doctor consultations, medicine delivery services and home testing services, including blood tests, urine tests and pregnancy tests.

Medigo’s app connects users to nearby licenses pharmacies and delivers medicine within 20 minutes. It currently has 1,000 pharmacy partners in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam’s three biggest cities, and will began expanding to Tier 2 cities, like Binh Duong, Vung Tau and Hai Phong, this year.

The startup’s CEO and co-fouder Ha Le began working on the app after he had trouble finding fever reducers for his daughter in the middle of the night. “When I was in university as a software engineer, I never thought that working in the healthcare space would be the center of my daily life, but now, it is my life’s mission,” he told TechCrunch.

Medigo has plenty of competitors, including Doctor Anywhere, Jio Health, Edoctor, Long Chau, Pharmacity and Rightnow. Le said Medigo differentiates by working with pharmacies that are open around the clock so it is able to operate 24/7 consistently. It also plans to connect different providers, so users can have more choices on the same platform.

In a statement about the investment, East Ventures managing partner Koh Wai Kit said, “Digital technologies can improve the accessibility and affordability of good quality healthcare. We are excited by Medigo’s mission to revolutionize pharmacies and healthcare services in Vietnam.”

Source: TechCrunch+


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Revenue from cybersecurity sector up 33% in Q1

The Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) recently reported positive results for the cybersecurity sector in the first quarter of 2023.



The Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) recently reported positive results for the cybersecurity sector in the first quarter of 2023.

Specifically, the sector posted revenue of 252.8 billion VND (10.6 million USD) during the period, an increase of 33.5% year-on-year, resulting in a growth of 33.1% to 20.22 billion VND.

It contributed 21.8 billion VND to the State budget, up 50.6% over the same period last year.

According to the ministry, there are 103 cybersecurity enterprises operating in the industry during the period, a rise of 12% on-year, creating 3,492 jobs, up 10.6%. And the rate of domestic to foreign earnings reduced by 10.1% to 45.1%.

By the end of February, the total number of issued public digital certificates jumped 23.18% to nearly 5.87 million. Of which, the active ones rose 17.89% to approximately 1.9 million in February alone.

Its digital certificate status maintaining fees contributed an accumulated value of 10.79 billion VND to the State budget since the beginning of the year.

In the second quarter of 2023, MIC plans to create strategies to fulfil information security platforms for users both in Vietnam and foreign countries.

It also cooperates with the Committee on Science, Technology and Environment to complete the Law on Electronic Transactions and implement other tasks according to the guidance document No 652 in 2023.

Source: Vietnamplus


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More than 1,600 cyber attacks handled in February

Thus, the number of attacks rose by 36.7 per cent compared to January and by 33.9 per cent over the same period last year.



The Authority of Information Security Department, Ministry of Information and Communications (MoIT), recorded 1,687 cyber attacks that caused problems to information systems in Việt Nam last month.

The number represents a rise of 36.7 per cent compared to January and by 33.9 per cent over the same period last year.

The majority were phishing attacks, which are deceptive websites and links set up by attackers to collect people’s data.

To ensure cyber information security, the Ministry of Information and Communications continues to strengthen supervision and proactively scan Việt Nam’s cyberspace with key tasks this month, including the development of a set of criteria on basic cyber information security requirements for surveillance cameras; a support platform for identifying and implementing level-based information security; and deployment for a network of Vietnamese information security experts abroad.

Along with that, MoIT continues to evaluate, make statistics and promote communications and warnings on mass media for users to know and avoid.

Previously, the National Cyber Security Center reported that the number of cyber attacks that caused problems on information systems in Việt Nam was 1,234 in January this year.

Source: Viet Nam News


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