The Ministry of Information and Communications on January 11 announced the completion of the scheme on the digitisation of the transmission of terrestrial television broadcasting in line with the prime minister’s Decision No.2451-QD-TTg.
Mr. Nguyen Manh Hung, Minister of Information and Communications, chairing the press conference on the digitisation of terrestrial broadcasting
Addressing the event on the scheme on the digitisation of terrestrial broadcasting, Nguyen Manh Hung, Minister of Information and Communications, said that after nine years of implementation, the targets set out in the scheme had all been fulfilled and even surpassed, contributing to performing the ASEAN commitment on ceasing analogue terrestrial television broadcasting by 2020.
Among ASEAN member countries, Vietnam is the fifth country in the region and the 78th globally to complete the plan.
Started in 2011 when 80 per cent of households in Vietnam had yet to have digital receivers, with other difficulties related to geographic characteristics, the country completed the scheme with appropriate approach.
The scheme was first piloted in the central city of Danang and then in other cities and provinces. After nine years of work, four key targets of the scheme have been fulfilled.
First, completing the digitisation of the transmission of terrestrial television broadcasting nationwide, covering nearly 100 million people in 26 million households.
Second, significantly expanding the coverage of digital terrestrial TV from 40 cities and provinces in 2011 to 63 ones currently.
Third, attracting resources in the coverage of digital terrestrial TV. In 2011, the country only had VTC as a 100 per cent state-owned digital terrestrial TV broadcaster. Since then, the number has quintupled, with the presence of AVG, SDTV, and DTV. Also in this nine-year period, investment in the coverage of digital terrestrial TV rose by VND2 trillion ($86.95 million), 50 per cent of which was made up by private investment.
Fourth, 100 per cent of local TV broadcasters have been restructured and organised in a more professional manner. VIR
HCM City to change water sourcing locations
HCMC will change the location for water sourcing to the upstream of Saigon and Dong Nai rivers and then to Dau Tieng and Tri An reservoirs due to pollution fears.
Water sourcing location will be moved to the upstream of Saigon River
Vice-Chairman of HCM City People’s Committee Le Hoa Binh has approved the city plan for water supply system during the 2020-2025 period and the clean water supply and the clean water supply and end of groundwater extraction programme during the 2020-2030 period.
According to the HCM City People’s Committee, the current water sources of the Saigon and Dong Nai rivers, are being polluted while facing saline intrusion. The water companies have to deal with pollution from other city and provincial authorities along those rivers to have a good quality water.
The city authorities planned to move the water sourcing locations to the upstream of Saigon and Dong Nai rivers. In the future, the water companies will take water from Dau Tieng and Tri An reservoirs.
The city will also move the location for water sourcing in Cu Chi District 15-20km to the upstream which will be 10-15km away from the Thi Tinh and Saigon rivers. Wells will be covered up and plants will be asked to stop exploiting underground water so that by 2025, HCM City will only exploit a total of 100,000 cubic metres of water a day.
HCM City will build two water plants in the eastern and western areas of the city. One of them will be located in Thu Duc City with a capacity of 500,000 cubic metres a day. It is expected to be opened in 2040. The other one will be located in Hoc Mon District or Binh Chanh District with a capacity of two million cubic metres a day. It is expected to be put into operation in 2050.
The city is researching and considering building a series of reservoirs.
94% of the water come from Dong Nai and Saigon rivers with the remainder from underground water sources. However, there are many shortcomings and problems such as the lack of a quality management system on the pipeline. The water plants provide over 1.9 million cubic metres of water a day to the city in 2019 and 2.4 million cubic metres of water in 2020.
The goal is to increase the total capacity to 2.9 million cubic metres a day. The city will pilot public drinking tap water at several locations. Dtinews
Hanoi builds smart city, speeds up 5G commercialization
Developing a smart city and commercializing 5G are the two key tasks the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) and the Hanoi People’s Committee have assigned to the Hanoi Department of Information and Communication.
MIC’s Deputy Minister Pham Anh Tuan
In a report presented at a conference on reviewing tasks in 2020, the department said it had helped the Hanoi People’s Committee set up a plan on IT use in Hanoi in 2020 as well as IT use in state agencies, further developing digital government and ensuring cybersecurity in 2021.
The department submitted to the municipal authorities a plan to implement Decree 45 on administrative procedures for the electronic environment, and to set up a program on digital transformation in Hanoi by 2025 with the vision until 2030.
The agency also played an important role in the construction of infrastructure items at the software park in Dong Anh district.
In terms of post and telecommunications, the agency advised municipal authorities on the regulation on managing, building and using technical infrastructure works for common use, and upgrading and rearranging telecom cables on poles.
The department also worked with MIC’s specialized agencies to implement Decree 92 on fighting against spam messages, e-mails and calls.
One of the outstanding telecom achievements of Hanoi in 2020 was the trial of 5G services and the installation of public wifi at tourist sites and historical relics in the city.
In the fields of press, publications, media and electronic information, Hanoi has implemented the first phase of the plan on rearranging, developing and managing press agencies in Hanoi by 2025. The department is building a plan on establishing a Hanoi press center.
Nguyen Thanh Liem, director of the Hanoi Department of Information and Communications, affirmed that Hanoi has pioneered eliminating spam calls and messages.
Hanoi aims to improve its image in information technology application in 2021. With new infrastructure items such as the smart operation center, the cybersecurity monitoring center and shared software systems, information technology application in the city will be better in the time to come.
Trial for 5G, new IT zones
MIC’s Deputy Minister Pham Anh Tuan praised the achievements of the Hanoi Department of Information and Communications in 2020. He asked the department to build an action plan based on the key orientations shown in Instruction 01 from MIC.
Tuan urged Hanoi to complete the Vpostcode map with addresses of every household. This is considered the foundation for e-commerce development and management.
Regarding the ICT industry, Tuan wants Hanoi to develop concentrated IT IZs, as well as startups and technology firms.
Hanoi’s Vice Mayor Chu Xuan Dung wants the department to give advice to the city about programs related to digital transformation and smart city building.
Environment minister talks about achievements, plans for coming years
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Tran Hong Ha talks about the achievements of the sector in the 2016-20 period and plans for the coming years.
|Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Tran Hong Ha.|
Could you tell us about the performance of the natural resources and environment sector in 2016-20?
The natural resources and environment sector has faced very difficult and turbulent times over the past five years. The fields the sector managed faced unexpected things, especially the field of environment. Environmental incidents occurred in different areas and different projects. The most serious incident is believed to be the marine environmental pollution in four central provinces caused by Formosa.
Besides, other fields such as land management are always among hot topics with a lot of complaints from the people. The illegal exploitation of mineral has also still occurred and the mining process has caused environmental problems, including waste after mining.
The impacts of climate change increased and became more serious over the past five years. Extreme weather occurs across the country, such as extreme cold, landslides, flash floods in the northern high mountainous provinces, droughts in the south-central and Central Highlands, as well as saltwater intrusion in the Mekong Delta due to the double effects of climate change and the water use of countries in the upstream Mekong River.
To fix the situation, myself and other officials and staff of the ministry have wholeheartedly focused on solving problems.
However, the Party and the State have also assessed 2016-20 was a transition period – from the old period with the policy of all for economic development to a new period – developing the economy together with environmental protection.
Also since 2016, we began to move into a new period. The Government and the Politburo have had guidelines to develop new policies towards economic development without affecting the environment. This is also a very important lesson for the management of natural resources and the environment. The lesson is that if we still hold the policy of developing the economy first and fixing environmental issues later, we will have to pay a very expensive price.
The ministry has contributed VND950 trillion (US$41.1 billion) to the State budget over the past five years. In 2020, revenue from land-related fields was double compared to 2015.
Policies on climate change adaptation were proposed in the period, contributing to minimising damage from natural disasters. The level of damage, triggered by saltwater intrusion in 2019-20, was 9.6 per cent lower than the level of damage caused by saltwater intrusion in 2016.
As you mentioned, there have been a number of environmental incidents, including Formosa, over the past time. After these painful lessons, how has ministry adjusted its management policies and mechanisms?
After the lessons, we determined we have to carefully consider the investment policy and development planning in the process of verifying an environmental impact assessment.
Second, we clearly define the responsibilities of businesses in the investment process so we can assess, forecast and identify possible impacts, especially emissions, wastewater and solid waste; closely monitor waste sources and take into account technical solutions to prevent environmental incidents. We also categorise 17 industries, identifying the scale and nature of hazard of each industry and thereby defining cases for special surveillance.
Another important lesson is people’s participation in supervision and the responsibility of local authorities. This requires projects to disclose information for people – the “eyes and ears” of the law to detect and we will promptly issue solutions.
Besides, we need stronger co-operation among ministries, sectors and localities as well as among countries in solving environmental problems. For example, in the water resources sector, more than 60 per cent of the water resources in rivers within the territory of Vietnam originate from other countries. Therefore, the management of water resources, especially for the Mekong River, needs the co-ordination of countries in the basin. For plastic waste pollution problem, this is also a global problem, it is necessary to have a global institution.
Ministries and sectors are paying attention to the programme to plant 1 billion trees, especially during the New Year’s Tree Planting, launched by Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc. What will the ministry do to implement the programme?
This is the initiative of Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, which was raised at the current National Assembly session. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is the agency responsible for forest protection and development. However, from the perspective of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, we are also developing a very specific project for implementing the programme.
I hope every individual, organisation, business and locality has its own initiative for tree planting because this is a very correct initiative. I also emphasise it is time for us to change the individual’s attitude towards nature because nature is facing the huge impact of economic development.
On the side of the environment ministry, we will also consider many angles to carry out the programme so tree planting is not just a movement and doesn’t stop at one billion trees but also helps recover nature in terms of ecology and conserving biodiversity as well as the legacy left to future generations.
Based on different natural conditions, different trees will be planted. Trees, which will be planted in special-use forests, protective forests, industrial zones and roads, are necessary to suit each area to achieve the highest efficiency. Tree planting should be done regularly by all people and localities. The ministries of agriculture and environment need to take the lead in the tree planting programme.
What will the environment ministry do to help the country develop stronger and be more sustainable?
The things we have done over the years are just building the initial foundations for the development.
In the field of environment, we have a resolution of the Central Committee. Under the resolution, there are important policies that will be announced at the National Congress of the Party. We also have the 2020 Law on Environmental Protection, which will come into effect from January 2022.
Thus, for the environment – one of the three important pillars of sustainable development, we will focus on implementing the law, which focuses on the people – people are not only the law’s implementers but also supervisors.
If every citizen has high determination and considers environmental protection as important as fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, the activities of environmental protection, sustainable development and adaptation to climate change will achieve great progress.
Climate change is becoming increasingly extreme and unpredictable. Therefore, the problem becomes how to improve the ability to more accurately forecast, give more timely warnings as well as evaluate climate change’s impacts to make plans timely.
To do that, we need a specific assessment of each area in the country, especially assessments of geological hazards and set up more monitoring networks related to hydro-meteorology in each area. VNS
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