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Vietnam needs better smart city management, implementation

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Vietnam’s urban areas have been developing rapidly with the urbanization rate increasing from 19.6 percent (629 urban areas in 2009) to about 39.2 percent (835 in December 2019).

As of March 2020, 35 central cities and provinces had signed strategic cooperation agreements with telecom groups on building smart cities.

Vietnam needs better smart city management, implementation

The military telco Viettel has signed cooperation agreements with 24 localities, and  the Vietnam Post and Telecommunication Group (VNPT) with 20 localities.

The government of Vietnam is paying increasingly high attention to developing smart cities. Many agreements have been signed between Vietnam and important partners such as countries and organizations that have successfully developed smart cities, including the Netherlands, South Korea and India.

Most recently, an agreement was signed to develop the ASEAN smart urban network.

After Vietnam joined ASCN (ASEAN Smart Cities Network) in 2018, the Prime Minister released the Vietnam Smart City Development project in 2018-2025 with a vision until 2030, which shows three priority parts – programming smart cities; managing smart cities; and smart urban utilities.

On the basis of a linked database, many cities in Vietnam have had initial success in providing smart utilities in the fields of education, healthcare, transportation, construction environment… and have step by step been optimizing urban management, improving the quality of urban residential life and creating opportunities for human development, leaving no one behind.

Hanoi, for example, is developing a parking system that allows people to find suitable parking places; payment through apps on smartphones; and a digital transport map to manage urban traffic.

Vietnam’s urban areas have been developing rapidly with the urbanization rate increasing from 19.6 percent (629 urban areas in 2009) to about 39.2 percent (835 in December 2019).

The implementation of the project on Bac Ha Noi (Northern Hanoi) Smart City, covering an area of 272 hectares in Dong Anh district, is expected to improve transport infrastructure, energy, education, healthcare and environment on a digital technology basis, driving development towards sustainability.

Meanwhile, HCM City is building a big data infrastructure system, data control center, security control center and open data system. It is planning to build smart solutions for healthcare, food safety, education, traffic management, and flood control.

As for Da Nang, the city leads the country in readiness for ICT development and application. Da Nang has received the maximum mark in applying IT in state agencies. In 2018, the Da Nang People’s Committee issued the Overall Architecture of Smart City and Smart City Construction Plan for 2018-2025.

Minister of Construction Pham Hong Ha said developing smart cities is in line with international trends, takes full advantage of the achievements of the fourth industry revolution, and fits the country’s development practice.

Driving force for smart city development

Experts, while stressing the need to develop smart cities, pointed out that the lack of reasonable policies will make it difficult for local authorities to seek resources, especially capital from state budget, for smart city development.

They believe that Vietnam needs to be cautious when developing smart cities, and not ‘follow the crowd’.

Each city, before applying a smart city model, needs to check its resources and advantages, and detect where and what it needs to obtain in each development stage so as to effectively use existing facilities and investment resources.

Smart cities should be developed with people in the center, and be based on specific characteristics of each city.

Ha said Vietnam will implement the tasks and solutions set in the Vietnam Smart City Development project in 2018-2025.

These include a legal framework for the development of smart cities as well as management of tools, institutions and mechanisms for cooperation between ministries and branches, between the central and local government, to ensure smart cities throughout the country and avoid waste in using resources.

According to Nguyen Van Binh, head of the Central Economic Commission, leading experts believe that 4,0 industry is essentially an institutional revolution. The revolutionary nature is the strong development of science and technology.

Binh said it is necessary to have an ‘open and creative’ approach when developing smart cities.

The mindset that has existed for a long time is that the state should prohibit activities that it cannot control.

“The 4.0 industry revolution won’t succeed if the ‘prohibiting all that is unmanageable’ way of thinking is still applied to manage the economy and society,” he said. 

Duy Anh

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/vietnam-needs-better-smart-city-management-implementation-683431.html

Sci-tech-environment

HCM City needs VND29 trillion for solid waste treatment

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HCMC will need nearly VND29 trillion in the next five years to implement a solid waste treatment scheme, which is aimed at enhancing the management, classification, collection, and recycling of solid waste in the city.

HCM City needs VND29 trillion for solid waste treatment
Waste collection vehicles are seen on a street in HCMC. The city will need nearly VND29 trillion in the next five years to implement a solid waste treatment scheme – Photo: TNO

The city’s Department of Natural Resources and Environment has just sent to the municipal government a scheme to treat solid waste by 2025 with a vision toward 2050. The scheme will be sent to the Ministry of Construction for appraisal and then to the Prime Minister for approval after it receives a green light from the city government.

The scheme will be financed by the city’s budget, official development assistance loans, and other private sources. Of the total funding, approximately VND14.5 trillion will be used for technology transfer activities to treat solid waste, VND5 trillion for building a waste treatment plant, VND3 trillion for developing waste transfer stations, VND1.2 trillion for setting up waste collection points along roads and VND500 billion for arranging waste collector teams.

According to goals set by the HCMC Department of Natural Resources and Environment, all industrial and medical waste shall be collected and treated by 2025; 90% of construction waste will be treated, with 60% recycled. By 2023, 60% of households in the city are expected to sort waste at source and the figure could jump up yearly.

Around 9,300 tons of household waste are daily discharged in the city. In February this year, the municipal government passed an adjusted plan to classify waste at source into two groups: recyclable and the rest, instead of the previous three groups: organic, inorganic, recyclable. The change was made to be in line with the waste-to-energy technology currently adopted by the city and to reduce landfill waste.  SGT

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/hcm-city-needs-vnd29-trillion-for-solid-waste-treatment-693480.html

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Vietnam ready to commercialize 5G by 2021

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Commercializing 5G by 2021 is a target for Vietnam to implement the national digital transformation.

Vietnam will universalize 5G through producing 5G devices with quality and reasonable prices in 2021 as developing 5G network is one of the key directions on improving the capacity of digital infrastructure for national digital transformation, according to Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung.

The use of 5G handsets produced by Vietnam is a measure to help enhance network security and safety. To implement this, one of the solutions is to research and master the design and manufacture of 5G network equipment and chips.

Viettel Group’s Viettel High Tech Industries Corporation and Vingroup’s VinSmart Research and Manufacture JSC in October signed a cooperation agreement on the development of a 5G gNodeB base station system.

Earlier, the first device incorporating 5G technology produced by Vietnam was successfully tested. According to the Center for Telecommunications Quality and Measurement under the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC), Vsmart Aris 5G had been tested many times and gave positive results.

Vietnam ready to commercialize 5G by 2021
5G speed on Vsmart smartphones using Sub6 band is nearly 8 times higher than 4G.

Through many technical tests, 5G speed on Vsmart smartphones using Sub6 band is nearly 8 times higher than 4G and promises to continue to increase when VinSmart applies mmWave band in the coming time.

The successful development of the Vsmart Aris 5G smartphone shows that Vietnam is ready to master advanced technologies. This is the basis for asserting that the country can completely accelerate in the Industrial Revolution 4.0.

Besides, the MIC has recently allowed two mobile operators, Viettel and MobiFone, to test and commercialize 5G in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City as it is a good foundation to bring Vietnam into the group of the leading countries in the world in deploying 5G.

Unlike the previous test which was heavily technical, the target audience of this test was mobile subscribers. This is an important test to help local operators evaluate the technology and the market before officially implementing commercialization of 5G in Vietnam.

These are all concrete steps that show Vietnam’s approach to 5G development towards mass commercialization by 2021.

Mr. Mani Manimohan, head of Digital Infrastructure Policy and Regulations at GSMA, predicted that over the next 5 years, more than 1 billion people worldwide will use mobile data which average consumption per month is 4-5 times more than previously. Because 5G is an effective technology to meet that need.

In addition to users, industries are also in need of 5G applications. This will be the key to the computing power and automation of factories. In addition, Mr. Manihohan from GSMA said that governments should see the mobile ecosystem with a scale of more than US$1 trillion as a driving force for development.

Meanwhile, Mr. Denis Brunetti, president of Ericsson Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos, said that 5G will change all industries. Manufacturing, agriculture, and healthcare industries will change drastically thanks to the presence of robots and 5G information transmission systems. He believes that Vietnam possesses the essentials to develop science and information technology and expects Vietnam will become a developed economy by 2045.  Hanoitimes 

Nhat Minh – Ha Thanh

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/vietnam-ready-to-commercialize-5g-by-2021-693503.html

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Vietnam considers using AI to warn about landslides, flash floods

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The Vietnam Meteorological and Hydrological Administration (VMHA) has proposed applying AI to give early warnings about landslides and flash floods.

According to the agency, about 10-15 flash floods and landslides occur every year in Vietnam, mostly in mountainous areas in the north, central region, Central Highlands and eastern part of the southern region.

Vietnam considers using AI to warn about landslides, flash floods

The landslides always result in a high death toll and property damage.

In 2020, many serious landslides occurred in Quang Nam, Quang Tri and Thua Thien-Hue, causing tens of deaths.

Scientists found that the rainfall in flash floods and landslides in areas were different because of various factors, including geology and topography.

According to VMHA’s Director General, warnings about landslides are given together with weather forecasts so that people and local authorities can prepare plans to cope with natural calamities.

However, the forecasts still cannot be fully and systematically integrated, while the warnings are just at the district level.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE) is promoting research on flash floods on a large scale and risk zoning to help the government and local authorities anticipate the risks.

This will allow them to reasonably program local socio-economic development and apply measures to prevent and mitigate damage.

According to VMHA, it is necessary to determine the rain threshold that may cause landslides and flash floods in each locality and point out specific locations.

The challenge is that there is no integrated inter-section data system for natural disaster impact assessment, and there is no system for real-time warning of landslides and flash floods.

The agency said it is cooperating with scientific organizations to integrate more comprehensive data and warnings about landslides into weather forecast bulletins, commencing from June 2021.

Trinh Xuan Hoa, Deputy Director of Institute of Geosciences and Minerals, said in 2012- 2018 the institute joined forces with units under MONRE to implement a project on surveying, assessing and zoning the risks of landslides in mountainous areas of Vietnam.

Under the project, a database and maps providing detailed information about areas where landslides occur and areas with high risk have been created.

Prof Do Minh Duc from the Hanoi National University said choosing the right positions where monitoring systems should be installed is important to determine which kinds of sensors to use.

Regarding the warnings about flash floods and landslides, Vu Duc Long, deputy director of the National Centre for Hydrometeorological Forecasting, said that it is necessary to develop an automatic flow rain monitoring system, and promote early warning technology for landslides, rocky mud slides, and flash floods. 

Hai Dang

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/vietnam-considers-using-ai-to-warn-about-landslides-flash-floods-693714.html

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