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Vietnam ready for 5G commercialization

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The Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) has identified 5G service provision in 2022 via ‘Make-in-Vietnam’ devices as one core mission in its meeting to summarize tasks done this year and directions for 2022.

However, due to certain infrastructure limits, the target is just to offer these services to 25 percent of the national population in 2025.

Vietnam ready for 5G commercialization
Viettel has begun its 5G piloting scheme in Thu Duc City of HCMC since December 2020.

Vietnam is now enjoying a 99.8 percent 4G coverage nationwide, with 5G technology successfully piloted by the three major carriers of Viettel, VNPT and MobiFone in 16 cities and provinces (Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang City, Hai Phong City, Can Tho City, Bac Ninh, Bac Giang, Binh Phuoc, Thua Thien – Hue, Quang Ninh, Vinh Phuc, Thai Nguyen, Dong Nai, Binh Duong, Ben Tre, and Ba Ria – Vung Tau).

It is now ready technically for the official commercialization of services using this lucrative 5G technology to bring about more unforgettable experiences to mobile users.

MIC reported that domestic 5G equipment now ranges from the core, transmission, and access networks. They have been effectively exploited in the piloting schemes lately. Particularly, Vietnam has finished installing 5G stations using Open Radio Access Network (ORAN) technology with the download and upload speeds of 900Mbps and 60Mbps respectively. This is one major improvement to boost 5G device research and manufacturing in Vietnam to serve commercialization tasks in 2022.

Nevertheless, major Vietnamese carriers are still reluctant since the low demands of 5G services from domestic users cannot compensate for their large investment amount. What is more, as there is not specific data package during the piloting time, it is not easy for mobile network providers to exactly evaluate the real demands of the market.

Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung stated in the recent ITU Digital World 2021 event that Vietnam is calling upon the cooperation of all carriers in the first stage of 5G development in the country, which has been wholeheartedly supported by VNPT.

Accordingly, each carrier should cover 25 percent of the national surface area and allow customers of others to use its own facilities in order to reduce investment. This will result in a full coverage of 5G technology nationwide in just one year.

During their piloting periods for 5G technology, Viettel, VNPT and MobiFone have already adopted this practice. Therefore, if all agree, this solution to formally commercialize 5G is absolutely feasible, with thousands of new shared BTS installed throughout the country.

MobiFone proposed only sharing 5G infrastructure among carriers in remote areas with low demand for the sake of cost saving. In addition, it is necessary to organize effective propaganda campaigns so that the public support telecoms development according to regulations, and the Public Telecoms Fund is more wisely used for remote areas.

Director of Qualcomm Vietnam – Laos – Cambodia Thieu Phuong Nam suggested that as the cost of Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) are quite reasonable at present, it is a good time to invest in them, along with the reuse of existing telecoms facilities for the 4G technology.

With an impressive increase of smartphone owners from 59.2 percent in 2018 to 75 percent in 2021, with such a high demand of services for mobile devices in Vietnam, and with MIC’s determination to stop outdated mobile technologies in 2022, it is expected that from 2023 all Vietnamese people will switch to smartphones with new technologies to access the Internet.

Obviously, 5G commercialization in Vietnam is unavoidable.

Source: Sai Gon Giai Phong

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/sci-tech-environment/vietnam-ready-for-5g-commercialization-805440.html

Sci-tech-environment

Endangered turtles returned to wild

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A member of the Chàm Island’s Marine Protected Area (MPA) management board releases an endangered tortoise. Seven turtles were rescued by local farmers in 2021. — Photo courtesy of Chàm Islands MPA

CHÀM ISLANDS  — The Chàm Island’s Marine Protected Area (MPA) management board and Quảng Nam provincial rangers have released an endangered turtle to the local forest, three days after it was captured by a local farmer and handed to the MPA.

Huỳnh Thùy Hương, an MPA communication employee, told Việt Nam News that the Chinese strip-neck turtle (Mauremys sinensis) was found by Trương Công Tánh at a paddy field in Điện Bàn Town in Quảng Nam Province on January 14, who gave the turtle to the MPA.

The 1.5kg, 24cm shell turtle, which is listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature as a critically endangered species, was returned to the wild on January 20.

Chinese strip-neck turtle (Mauremys sinensis) — a critically endangered (CR) species listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) — is found on a paddy field in Quảng Nam Province. — Photo courtesy of Chàm Islands MPA

According to MPA, seven tortoises and sea turtles, handed in by locals, have been released in the Chàm Islands in 2021.

The Chàm Islands-Hội An (including the total area of the Islands’ land and water and Hội An) was recognised as a World Biosphere Reserve in 2009. It is home to a large population of sea turtles and tortoises.

The MPA also reported that nearly 1,000 baby turtles had been released into the ocean in 2017-19 since the ex-situ hatching (moving turtle eggs to another place for hatching) conservation project was launched in 2017.

The Chàm Islands is the only successful site for the ex-situ turtle eggs hatching project in central Việt Nam. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/1118121/endangered-turtles-returned-to-wild.html

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Ice, snow reported on Mount Fansipan

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Sleet on Fansipan mountain on Friday. — VNA/ Photo Quốc Khánh

LÀO CAI — Ice and snow have been spotted on Mount Fansipan, the highest mountain in Việt Nam, as a result of widespread rain and freezing temperatures early Friday.

Light rain and snow occurred for about 10 minutes at 6:30am, resulting in a thin layer of ice on the ground on Mount Fansipan and nearby areas, according to a worker at the Fansipan cable car station.

This is the first rain with snow on this mountain, located in Lào Cai Province, since the start of the 2021 winter.

It is a rare phenomenon in tropical Việt Nam and only recorded in high mountain areas in the northern region in winter.

Travel businesses expect the weather will help attract more visitors to Sa Pa national tourism area during the coming Tết (Lunar New Year) holiday. —

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/1118066/ice-snow-reported-on-mount-fansipan.html

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Domestic waste fee to be charged based on volume

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Local people in the northern province of Tuyên Quang have been instructed to classify domestic waste at source. — VNA/ Photo Nam Sương

HÀ NỘI — Solid waste classification at source and volume-based waste fee collection must be implemented by 2024, according to the roadmap of the new Environment Law which took effect on January 1, 2022.

Nguyễn Thượng Hiền, deputy head of Việt Nam Environment Administration, said the 2020 Environment Law detailed waste classification at source and volume-based fees on collecting, transporting and treating solid domestic waste.

This is an amended point of the new law, requiring households and individuals to sort their domestic waste into three groups: recyclable waste, food waste and other types of domestic waste.

According to Hiền, waste classification at source in Việt Nam has been only applied at a small scale in some localities and not made compulsory. Expenses for collecting, transporting and treating solid domestic waste are currently paid by the State budget.

Each household pays the same waste collection fee depending on the number of family members, Hiền said. “This has not encouraged people to reduce, reuse and recycle waste as well as classify waste at source.”

“Collecting waste fees based on volume discharged means the more you release, the more you have to pay. That will encourage people and groups to recycle and reduce the amount of waste they throw away,” he said.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment will compile technical instructions on solid waste classification at source and will issue it to help localities apply the new regulations, he said.

The amended Environment Law also stipulates that solid domestic waste which has been recycled is not subject to waste collection, transportation and treatment fees.

Food waste and waste classified as other types must be put in packages and transferred to treatment establishments.

Food waste can be used as organic fertiliser or animal feed.

Provincial people’s committees have the right to determine the fee level. The unit that collects and transports solid waste each day has the right to refuse to collect and transport the waste of households and individuals that has not been classified, according to the new law.

Detailed plans for waste classification at source and volume-based waste collection must be completed by local authorities no later than December 31, 2024.

Hiền said Japan and South Korea had managed to collect waste fees by selling packaging and waste containers.

The Vietnamese Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has learned from the models and experiences of other countries while studying amendments to laws, he said. —

 

Source: https://vietnamnews.vn/environment/1117688/domestic-waste-fee-to-be-charged-based-on-volume.html

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