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Vietnam tech: Cooperating for creation, reaching out to the world



A cooperation agreement to develop a 5G gNodeB mobile base station system has been signed by Viettel High Technology Industries Corporation – VHT, a subsidiary of Viettel Group, and VinSmart Research and Manufacture JSC of Vingroup.

The two sides have committed to reserve their best resources to implement the project for the commercialization of a Macro 8T8R version by June 2021. They aim to be ready to commercialize the 5G Macro 64T64R station version by June 2022.

Vietnam tech: Cooperating for creation, reaching out to the world

The signing ceremony

At the signing ceremony, Le Dang Dung, Viettel’s chair and CEO, said Viettel has successfully implemented the first 5G call for equipment made by Viettel in January 2020. It plans to complete the development of 5G core network in 2021 to create a complete 5G network made by Vietnam.

Nguyen Viet Quang, vice chair and CEO of Vingroup, said the 5G mobile base station, jointly researched and developed by VinSmart and Viettel, will be commercialized in mid-2021. These will be the first high-quality 5G stations with Vietnamese technology to be commercialized.

Mastering network infrastructure is critical

According to Minister of Information and Communications Nguyen Manh Hung, researching and producing telecom infrastructure equipment has been the aspiration of all the generations involved in the telecommunication industry.

Vietnam has chosen open technology to develop 5G, because the best way to ensure cybersecurity for 5G is open technology, so that all countries, when using 5G equipment of any technology firm, will be able to control security. This is the approach of Vietnam.

“And now, in 2020, we can proudly say that Vietnam can master nearly all telecom equipment, from equipment for users to equipment for network operators. Vietnam is one of a few countries which can do this,” Hung said.

Once telecom infrastructure becomes the infrastructure of the digital economy and cybersecurity and safety becomes a vital factor for digital transformation, the mastering of network infrastructure equipment will be of decisive importance.

Hung believes that Vietnam can be confident to step up national digital transformation because most telecom equipment and network security ecosystem products have been developed by Vietnamese enterprises.

Only four countries in the world can produce 5G equipment, and Vietnam is one. Therefore, Viettel and Vingroup show that Vietnamese enterprises can make Vietnamese technology products.

The ‘can do’ spirit

The creativity of Vietnamese is not inferior to anyone else. The problem is that they have to think they can do. With the ‘can do’ spirit, the brain is infinitely replenished with infinite energy, and difficult tasks are no longer difficult. Vietnamese people can create technological products.

Viettel and Vingroup are examples which prove that Vietnamese people and businesses ‘can do’, and can invent Vietnamese technologies.

Hung said Vietnamese do not cooperate much now because there is nothing that difficult that needs working together to solve. And because they still have not grown enough to have things that others don’t have or need. But once great missions are set, and everyone has their own original products, cooperation will naturally come.

Viettel is a state-owned enterprise, while VIngroup is a private corporation. But both of them have the same aspiration of creating Vietnamese technologies and introducing them all over the globe.

Viettel has a large enough initial telecom market with 11 countries and total population of 350 million, which will be the cradle for equipment to be completed. Meanwhile, Vingroup, from its very beginning, has been targeting the global market, especially the US and Europe.

Viettel has a long-term strategy on technology development, while Vingroup is flexible and very quick in making decisions. The former is good at software, while the latter is strong in hardware.

The cooperation between a state-owned enterprise and a private enterprise is expected to help promote the strength of both types of enterprises.

Viettel and Vingroup both have grown enough to have things that others don’t have, and therefore, they can cooperate with each other.

Vingroup focuses on radio, while Viettel on original signals processing, core network and integration into commercial products. The equipment of these two groups targets the global market.

Open technology creates digital belief

Vietnam has chosen open technology to develop 5G, because the best way to ensure cybersecurity for 5G is open technology, so that all countries, when using 5G equipment of any technology firm, will be able to control security. This is the approach of Vietnam.

Vietnam’s technology firms have committed that the countries using ‘Make in Vietnam’ 5G equipment will be provided tools to control their network security. Openness is the way to create global digital trust.

Because of the open approach, Vietnamese and foreign enterprises can cooperate in researching and developing Vietnam 5G equipment. 

Trong Dat



Why is the VIA scam market bustling in Vietnam?



The Facebooker community in Vietnam uses the term VIA, which refers to real accounts hacked and used by others to run ads or do anything else on Facebook.

It’s unclear how the concept originated. But it is clear that it is used only in Vietnam. If searching for ‘VIA’ on any search engine, one will receive results in Vietnamese language.

Why is the VIA scam market bustling in Vietnam?

VIA is understood as ‘verified information accounts’, which means accounts verified by Facebook. This means that users’ information has been verified by Facebook. There is information on registered mobile phones, ID cards and other personal documents.

VIA is used for different purposes. Previously, VIA was used by scammers to fool people into transferring money to them, appropriate scratch cards, and increase interactions for posts.

If someone complains that their blue check mark (indicating that it has been verified) has been hacked, it may have actually been turned into a VIA for scammers to exploit.

Nowadays, VIA is used to run ads. The demand for VIA for this purpose is high from those who want to escape policy violations and boost sales via Facebook, especially in the Covid-19 period.

The typical characteristic of these VIAs is that while the real owners of the accounts use Facebook as usual, scammers appropriating the accounts are running ads quietly. In other words, these VIAs have at least two owners.

It is easy for a blue check mark to become a VIA. In addition to the usual ways of password exposure, the granting of the right to access apps and the participation in divination games can also lead to a risk of token exposure, which leads to the loss of the right to control Facebook accounts.

Another risk comes from accepting cookies and exposing this information. Cookies remember browser information so that users don’t have to enter their passwords every time they log in.

With the use of revealed, shared or weak passwords, and the lack of attention to personal information security, Vietnamese Facebook users could be a VIA of someone else.

Facebook has to regularly create checkpoints which ask users to confirm unusual activities on their verified accounts and tell them to change passwords as well as log out of all devices.

Many Facebook accounts can be the targets of scammers.

The VIA market in Vietnam is bustling, with ‘commodities’ from Asia to Europe, from old to newly set up accounts.

With only several thousand to tens of thousands of dong, one can buy a VIA with an advertised ‘lifetime warranty’. 

Phuong Nguyen


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Vietnam Digital Transformation Day slated for mid-December



The Vietnam Digital Transformation Day (DX Day Vietnam) 2020 is scheduled to take place in Hanoi on December 14-15 with the direct participation of more than 2,500 delegates and over 10,000 others online.

The event is organised by the Vietnam Software and IT Services Association (VINASA) and the Authority of Information Technology Application under the Ministry of Information and Communications.

Technology experts will present digital transformation solutions and experience relating to agriculture, health care, logistics, finance – banking, industrial production, and small- and medium-sized enterprises, VINASA said on December 4.

On June 3 this year, the Prime Minister approved the national digital transformation programme until 2025 with a vision to 2030, which considers 2020 as the year of national digital transformation.

The trend of digital transformation in the world is now stronger than ever, especially amid the COVID-19 pandemic that has forced over 1.2 billion students worldwide to take online lessons and 30 percent of patients to undergo examination via telemedicine, according to VINASA.

It said that Vietnam is holding an important stature in the international arena in terms of both economy and politics, and it is now a “golden” chance for the country to strongly promote digital transformation so as to maintain and further raise this standing.

To help accelerate national digital transformation, DX Day Vietnam will be held annually to connect relevant parties to discuss and share ways for helping businesses carry out digital transformation, the association added.

More information can be found on the event’s website, at


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Creating ‘digital trust’ with Make in Vietnam open-technology products



Vietnam has become one of the first countries in the world commercializing 5G on a trial basis. Software engineers have made a great contribution to the achievement as Vietnam’s 5G network will use open standards.

Developing national information systems with open technology is the key to creating digital trust.

Creating 'digital trust' with Make in Vietnam open-technology products

With Make in Vietnam 5G equipment and terminals, Vietnam can master the major elements of a 5G ecosystem, which is important for 5G to be implemented by this year end.

Vietnam ranks 20th in open source software application

The Sysnopsy’s Open Source Security and Risk Analysis Report 2020 report showed that an audit of 1,260 closed software source codebases in 17 industries found that 99 percent of codebases contained open source components. All codebases in 9 out of 17 industries contain open source components.

Up to 70 percent of source codes in codebases are open source codes. The figure is twice as much as in 2015 (36 percent). Ninety percent of codebases since 2019 contain open source components.

According to Sysnopsys, there are 445 open source components in each codebase. More than 90 percent of IT firms use open source software for important apps.

A report from GitHub said that Vietnam ranks 20th among non-US countries and territories in utilizing open source codes. In Southeast Asia, Vietnam ranks third, behind Singapore and Indonesia.

However, when considering the proportion, Vietnam is far behind China, India, Germany, the UK and Japan. It is on the same par with Taiwan, Singapore and Indonesia.

The growth rate of open source projects and the contribution to open source codes in Vietnam remain modest.

Though Vietnam began approaching the open source trend in the 2000s, its open technology growth rate has been slower than some other countries. This is attributed to a closed culture mechanism, localization in data protection and management, and the lack of interest from large corporations.

The main cause is that Vietnam doesn’t have a technology development tradition, because the economy is at a fairly average level, with the science and technology level still low. Vietnam has few scientific and technological inventions and patents.

Using open technology is the only way for Vietnam to master technologies, catch up with the world, and become an IT powerhouse.

Mastering open technology

Developing open technology, open source software, and opening data to businesses and individuals to create new value is the new orientation.

A report from GitHub said that Vietnam ranks 20th among non-US countries and territories in utilizing open source codes. In Southeast Asia, Vietnam ranks third, behind Singapore and Indonesia.

This was confirmed by the head of the Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) Nguyen Manh Hung at Vietnam Open Summit 2020. The event was organized to show Vietnam’s strategy and action plan on developing and mastering digital technology with open standards.

Vietnam’s open technology development in the time to come will focus on three pillars, namely the Make in Vietnam open ecosystem, open culture promotion, and open community development.

Vietnam has recently made significant investments to develop open technologies. The introduction of apps, including Bluezone and CoMeet, is evidence.

Developed on the open source code basis, users and more than 100 IT engineers contributed to the development of Bluezone. Thanks to the open source code, the app tracking suspected Covid-19 infections won people’s confidence, with more than 22 million downloads.

Viettel, BKAV and CMC are the technology firms leading open technology development.

Nguyen Tu Quang, CEO of BKAV, said the corporation began investing in AI camera some years ago. In 2018, BKAV set up AI Institute as it realized the big potential of AI application.

The corporation last November exported the first AI cameras to be installed at the head office of Qualcomm in San Diego, California.

At Qualcomm, the cameras from Vietnam will be an important element of the group’s smart city development strategy.

The AI View cameras manufactured by BKAV are developed with Open AI View. The use of an open platform helps to gain confidence from international partners.

As for CMC, the group chose OpenStack to build CMC Open Cloud and Elastic Stack to create SOC. These are all open source codes available on GitHub.

Luong Tuan Thanh, chief technology officer of CMC Group, said with the development of products with open source codes, all the expenses related to software copyright will be used to develop human resources. CMC is following this path to develop its specialists and build an open culture.

Viettel, the mobile network operator, chose to master 5G technology based on OpenRAN. This was a daring move compared with the use of the traditional Radio Access Network. By doing so, Viettel can escape reliance on foreign equipment suppliers. 

Trong Dat


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