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VN pre-schools lack 45,000 teachers



By the end of the 2019-2020 academic year, Vietnam had 364,776 nursery school teachers, an increase of 2, 604 teachers over the previous year, according to a report from the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET).

The report was released at the conference on the 2019-2020 academic year and the implementation of tasks in the new academic year for preschool education, held in late September.

VN pre-schools lack 45,000 teachers

With 364,776 teachers, each class has 1.82 teachers, an increase of 0.02. The qualifications of preschool teachers has improved with 73.7 percent of teachers meeting training standards.

Of this, 50.7 percent of teachers finished pedagogical higher education establishments, while 23.5 percent of teachers graduated from pedagogical junior colleges and 26.3 percent of teachers finished intermediate schools (2 year training after general school).

As such, 86.8 percent of preschool teachers met professional standards.


However, the report also showed the serious shortage of teachers for state-owned preschools: 45,242 teachers are still lacking for schools in the country, even after 20,300 new teachers were officially recruited (receiving salaries from the state budget).

There were 48,392 teachers working under labor contracts signed with state-owned preschools as of March 2020. The provinces with the highest numbers of workers of this kind include Tuyen Quang (2,411), Thai Nguyen (1,533), Bac Giang (1,108), Phu Tho (2,368), Vinh Phuc (3,489), Bac Ninh (1,259), Thai Binh (4,595) and Nam Dinh (6,305).

In the last academic year, local authorities implemented recruitment campaigns, selecting teachers working under labor contracts with schools guided by the Ministry of Home Affairs (after officially recruited, the teachers become civil servants and receive salaries from the state budget).

In Hanoi, 5, 021 teachers have been recruited. In Hau Giang province, 98 teachers working under labor contracts and paying social insurance premiums since 2015 have been recruited without having to attend exams.

Other provinces also strengthened recruitment and 17,605 teachers were recruited last year.

Though the average number of teacher per class has increased in the country, the figures are still low in some provinces, such as Vinh Phuc (1.59), Hung Yen (1.45), Ha Giang (1.37) and Bac Kan (1.5).

According to MOET, because of the lack of teachers, some provinces, including VInh Long, An Giang, Kien Giang, Binh Duong and Quang Tri, cannot arrange 2 learning sessions (morning and afternoon) a day for children in accordance with the preschool education program.

As of the end of the 2019-2020 academic year, the country had 15,461 preschool establishments. There were 3,180 non-state preschools, which account for 20.6 percent of total schools. 

Le Huyen



Forum to discuss education amid COVID-19




Online Education during COVID-19 and Beyond is funded by the Australia-ASEAN Council of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Australian Government. Photo courtesy of the organising board

HÀ NỘI — Academics from the ten ASEAN countries will discuss the challenges they have faced delivering online teaching during COVID-19 through an international online education hosted by Australia’s University of Tasmania in June and September.

The project, entitled ‘Australia-ASEAN Academics Forum: Online Education during COVID-19 and Beyond’, is funded by the Australia-ASEAN Council of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Australian government.

It is led by a research team including Dr Vinh To, Professor Victoria Carrington, Professor Sharon Fraser and Professor Monica Cuskelly in the School of Education at the University of Tasmania in Australia.

Through a series of webinars and interviews, academics from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Việt Nam will discuss the mutual benefits of engaging in an academics forum to enhance online teaching in higher education in both Australian and Southeast Asian contexts.

The leader of the project, Dr Vinh To, a Vietnamese-Australian academic at the University of Tasmania, said: “Having a deep connection with Việt Nam made me more aware of my responsibility to make contributions to the Southeast Asian region.”

“COVID-19 required the majority of academics in Southeast Asia to move to online education for the first time. This was challenging in the many cases where all previous experience had been in traditional face-to-face teaching. This project aims to help improve participating ASEAN academics’ knowledge and skills to teach online,” she said.

Academics from the University of Tasmania and selected universities in Southeast Asia will be invited to share examples of high-quality online teaching practice in various disciplines.

“The project also aims to support the Australian government’s international relations policy and the Australia-ASEAN Council’s people-to-people links objective, especially during COVID-19, by establishing and fostering the multilateral relationship between academics and institutions in Southeast Asia and Australia for ongoing partnership and collaboration,” Dr To said.

The project will begin in June this year, with rounds of webinars taking place in June and September. The webinars will be available to 300 academics or more and lecturers in the focus disciplines in Việt Nam and other Southeast Asian countries are invited to register at

Registration will be closed by April 30. —


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Deputy PM asks Health Ministry to submit Covid-19 vaccine import plan



A medical worker of the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases is injected with AstraZeneca’s Covid-19 vaccine. Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam has asked the Ministry of Health to quickly submit a detailed plan on importing Covid-19 vaccines – PHOTO: VNA

HCMC – Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam has asked the Ministry of Health to quickly submit a detailed plan over importing Covid-19 vaccines from other countries.

At a meeting of the national steering committee for Covid-19 infection prevention and control on April 14, Deputy PM Dam, who is also head of the steering committee, said the Covid-19 vaccine import plan must be in line with a decision of the Politburo and a resolution of the Government.

The Ministry of Planning and Investment will appraise the Ministry of Health’s plan and submit it to the Government.

According to a representative of the Ministry of Health, Astra Zeneca’s Covid-19 vaccine has proven to be safe, so the ministry will accelerate the vaccination for priority residents as stated in the Government’s Resolution 21.

Covid-19 vaccines in the world are insufficient and countries are in a fierce race to buy them. Therefore, Vietnam must strive to secure them early.

As for the human trial of locally-produced Covid-19 vaccines, Professor Dr Do Quyet, director of the Vietnam Military Medical University, said that the sampling of volunteers for the second phase of the human trial of Nano Covax had been completed.

The Vietnam Military Medical University is expected to report the results of the second phase to the Ministry of Health and the research ethics committee in early May and will conduct the third phase later.

Quyet also noted that among the 554 volunteers, some had developed symptoms of mild fever, pain where the injection was given and fatigue but did not need medical treatment. Their health conditions are stable, proving that Nano Covax is safe and produces a strong immune response.

He called on agencies to provide further support for the study and production of local Covid-19 vaccines.

According to the national steering committee for Covid-19 infection prevention and control, producers will be facilitated to conduct the trial of Covid-19 vaccines and they should prepare production plans if the trial is successful.

The Ministries of Health, Public Security and National Defense proposed continuing to control those entering Vietnam as the pandemic remains complicated in the world.


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Households around Dầu Tiếng Lake polluting water



Dozens of raft houses around the Dầu Tiếng Lake are potential causes of water pollution. — VNA/ Photo Huyền Trang

BÌNH DƯƠNG — Many households have come to raise fish and live on rafts on the reservoir of the Dầu Tiếng Lake, polluting the water resources over the years.

Dầu Tiếng is the largest artificial irrigation lake in Southeast Asia and provides agricultural water sources for the southeast area, and domestic water for HCM City.

Precarious life

Living on Dầu Tiếng Lake in Hòa Lộc Hamlet, Minh Hòa Commune, Dầu Tiếng District in the southern province of Bình Dương, are nearly 70 overseas Vietnamese households that repatriated from Cambodia.

They mainly live on the edge of the lake, building huts or temporary houses in the lake’s reservoir area to make a living.

Nguyễn Văn Đỏ, a resident, said most of the households returned to Việt Nam in 1990. Đỏ has Vietnamese nationality, so he bought land and built a house, but many others do not have identity documents or real estate assets.

Nguyễn Văn Cường, another resident, said every day he fished for a living. Due to a lack of identification documents and education, he could not find a good job.

Difficult work

Some local people think raising fish will not affect the environment. But local authorities believe uneaten food, waste, dead fish and domestic waste are the main cause of the water pollution in the lake.

Some households use nets to catch small fish as food for farmed fish, leading to the danger of destroying aquatic resources. 

To avoid environmental pollution and limit social evils, in early 2004, local authorities encouraged people to come ashore. About 25 families moved and built houses. However, the land area is limited, so it’s not enough to accommodate everyone and dozens of households still live on rafts.

Lê Bá Thành, deputy head of the Dầu Tiếng District Police, said the district police force has made a list of people living on rafts in Minh Hòa Commune.

Currently, there are 56 households in the village with 292 people. Local authorities are going to prepare identity papers for 14 households.

The work needs support from various local departments, said Thành.

A spokesperson of the Dầu Tiếng-Phước Hòa Irrigation Exploitation Co Ltd said it also proposed Tây Ninh and Bình Dương people’s committees implement a resettlement and career change project for local people.

In 2018, the company had worked with the Dầu Tiếng District People’s Committee to issue violation records to 76 households with 236 illegal rafts, asking them to dismantle the rafts and leave but so far the issue has not been thoroughly resolved. —


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