Post-forwarding and logistics services obviously need the new Vpostcode system, but other business fields such as electricity, water, gas, telecommunication and security services also need address databases with satellite navigation.
Problems in the address database in Vietnam have existed for many years. There is no general management unit or standardization in addressing.
Many ministries and branches are involved in address data, but each of them is in charge of only part of the data.
The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, for example, only takes responsibility for the addresses of accommodations and tourism establishments, while the Ministry of Home Affairs covers the addresses for administrative procedures, and the Ministry of Construction is in charge of urban planning and numbering houses.
The address data is not homogeneous. In large cities and urban areas, houses are numbered, but they are not in rural areas. The addressing structure (for example, numbering houses and alleys) in the north and the south is different.
In 2017, the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) issued a national postal code set, assigning codes to four subjects: 1/administrative systems of wards, communes, and equivalent administrative units; 2/postal service points belonging to public postal networks; 3/postal service points belonging to the network serving the Party and State agencies; and 4/foreign diplomatic units, consulates, international agencies, organizations and representatives in Vietnam.
In general, the way of displaying addresses and describing objects on digital maps is still complicated, which makes it difficult to share and convey address information.
Many fields, branches need exact address information
|Address databases play an important role in a digital economy. In e-commerce, some websites have implemented customer address authentication services to avoid fake addresses. These fake addresses make it difficult to deliver items to owners, affecting postal delivery performance.|
Address databases play an important role in a digital economy. In e-commerce, some websites have implemented customer address authentication services to avoid fake addresses. These fake addresses make it difficult to deliver items to owners, affecting postal delivery performance.
Other business fields, including electricity, water, gas, telecommunication and security services, also need exact address information to increase customer satisfaction.
Da Nang, which is striving to be a smart city, has decided that postal addresses must be assigned with codes and they must be defined by locations and coordinates. This includes tourism sites and public places, but also ATMs (auto telling machines), bus stations and other points. This will serve the building of a smart ecosystem based on IoT (Internet of Things).
Meanwhile, An Giang province wants to put all coordinates and locations of BTS stations, power poles, bridges and others on digital maps.
According to Vu Chi Kien, deputy director of MIC’s Department of Post, digital technology makes infrastructure items smart in smart cities.
A street, an urban area, and a smart public administration area must be made up of smart infrastructure. Digital maps are not only used for future city governance, but also for “smart architecture” planning associated with the city’s development planning.
Vpostcode and added value from address databases
Taking the mission assigned by MIC, Vietnam Post with 50,000 workers nationwide quickly set to work, collecting information to build the national postal address code platform Vpostcode.
At the launch time in May, Vpostcode provided information about address codes, and locations and coordinates of more than 23 million addresses.
The code has two parts, with 1 of 5 characters of a national postal code and 2 of 7 characters of an open location code, which assigns address codes and positioning on the digital map platform.
Currently, in many rural areas, houses are still not numbered, while social services require transparent addresses. Vpostcode is a tool to assign digital addresses to households.
“Vpostcode is used to generate postal address codes to authenticate a citizen,” Le Quoc Anh, deputy CEO of Vietnam Post, explained.
“The Vpostcode system can provide a solution to the problems of finding medical addresses, fire prevention, and service addresses on the digital map,” he said.
HSBC Vietnam to spend VND10bn to revive mangrove forest in Vietnam
HSBC Vietnam Bank will provide VND10bn (USD430,000) to revive a mangrove forest in Mui Ca Mau National Park to help Vietnam deal with climate change.
HSBC Vietnam will collaborate with the World Wide Fund Vietnam to carry out the project over five years. It is hoped that the project will help deal with various problems including climate change, water security, water pollution, food security, human health and disaster risk management.
HSBC’s recent report states that for Asia, climate change is the crisis of the century and Vietnam is one of the most affected countries. Besides Mumbai, Shanghai, Bangkok and Jakarta, HCM City is among the most threatened cities by rising sea levels.
UN Food and Agriculture Organisation and HSBC Vietnam statistics show that damage to the agriculture in Vietnam will become more severe. Asia is not just a victim of climate change, it is also speeding up climate change. 87% of the greenhouse gas were from Asia and the amount of CO2 in Asia increased by 78% since 1990. Deforestation is one of the main causes for the higher emissions in Southeast Asia.
HSBC and WWF Vietnam will work together to build a programme to nurture the vulnerable ecosystem in Ca Mau, Mekong Delta and other regions. The goal is to help Vietnam reduce 8% of the greenhouse gas in 2030 and increase the forest cover to 45% nationwide.
150ha of forest land will be developed by regenerating mangrove forests. After maturing, this forest will be able to store 20,000 tonnes of carbon annually and protect the Mekong Delta from natural disasters. 10,000 households will also be protected and the productivity at fish farms will be able to rise to 350-390 tonnes a year. The education programme about biodiversity conservation will be promoted to 3,000 households living in the national park.
Van Ngoc Tinh, director of WWF Vietnam said, “HSBC and WWF Vietnam will continue to tighten co-operation this year. Our co-operation has helped further expanded HSBC’s water preservation programme and brought clean water to over 2.5 million people in five river basins across the world.”
The recovery strategies, investments, and decisions of the collaboration programmes will focus on solutions to deal with the environmental crisis in general and to reverse the loss of biodiversity by 2030, and secure sustainable development for Vietnam.
The activity is part of HSBC’s pledge to spend USD100m for climate and renewable energy projects worldwide in the next five years.
Pollutant fees should be applied for wastewater treatment
Mai Trong Thai, director of the Environmental Protection Sub-Department under the Hanoi Department of Natural Resources and Environment, talks about the need to complete a legal policy to solve pollution in traditional trade villages.
Part of an at-source wastewater treatment facility for households and trade villages at Dong Anh District, Hanoi, that was launched in July.
What has Hanoi achieved in its efforts to reduce levels of air pollution in its traditional trade villages?
As part of efforts to protect the environment in Hanoi’s trade villages, the city’s Department of Natural Resources and Environment was allocated to develop guidelines on how to define the levels of pollution in traditional trade villages and plans to solve environmental pollution.
A survey on the level of pollution in 127 traditional trade villages found serious water pollution in 33 villages and minor water pollution in 19 more.
Based on the results of the survey, the Hanoi People’s Committee decided to build the Cau Nga waste water treatment plant with an output of 20,000m3 of waste water per day. The plant started operation in October 2016. Right now two more waste water treatment plants are under construction in the districts of Hoai Duc and Thanh Oai.
In addition, authorities have called for investment to develop eight projects to treat waste water and solid waste from trade villages in the districts of Quoc Oai, Me Linh, Hoai Duc and Thuong Tin with a projected cost of some VND569 billion (US$21.5 million).
Authorities in Hanoi have adopted various measures to solve the environmental problem, but the results are still very limited. Do you know why?
Most of our traditional trade villages are small production units with outdated equipment that is manually operated. Furthermore, the owners of these production units have not properly invested in environmental protection for their workers or the surrounding areas. Adding to that, workers’ awareness of how to protect themselves in hazardous working environments is very low. Authorities have yet to adopt policies to help enterprises to find ways to solve the environmental issues for the safety of their workers and the environment.
Have authorities adopted any plans to protect the environment in traditional trade villages?
We need strong mechanism or policies to help local people to collect waste water and transport it to a facility for treatment. The cost of water collection and treatment will be expensive and local people don’t have to pay for waste water treatment at the moment. That’s why the first thing we have to do is to apply “pollutant fees”. That means people in traditional trade villages will have to pay for waste water treatment in accordance with Government Decree No.80/2014. In addition, the Government should adopt preferential policies to encourage investment in waste water treatment across traditional trade villages in Hanoi. VNS
iPhone 12 launches, previous-generation iPhone prices fall sharply
Soon after iPhone 12 was marketed, previous-generation iPhones saw unprecedented price falls.
Used iPhones, from iPhone 7 to iPhone 11 and iPhone Pro Max, saw the sharpest falls.
The prices of used iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro and iPhone 11 Pro Max are nearly VND10 million lower than the quoted prices. At some private shops in HCM City and Hanoi, iPhone 11 Pro Max is being sold at VND20.4 million, while iPhone 11 Pro is VND18 million and iPhone 11 VND13.3 million.
iPhone XS and XS Max have seen the prices falling sharply. XS 64 GB is selling at VND11.79 million, and iPhone XS Max VND13.79 million. Used iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus are priced at VND5.99 million and VND8.59 million.
The VND600,000 price decrease compared with the last month has been reported for used iPhone 7 Plus, now selling at VND6.7 million.
Meanwhile, iPhone X and iPhone Xr have decreased by VND200,000-300,000 in price compared with early October, to VND9 million and VND10 million, respectively.
Not only used products, but brand new products of previous generations have also seen prices falling.
In the market of unofficially imported products, iPhone 11 Pro Max 64 GB is now selling at VND24.2 million, and iPhone 11 Pro 64 GB at VND23.99 million (- VND4 million). iPhone 11 and iPhone XS have also seen slight decreases of VND600,000-800,000 to VND16.3 million and VND14 million, respectively.
In the market of officially distributed products, previous-generation models have become VND500,000-4 million cheaper under sale promotion programs.
The discounts of VND500,000-1 million are offered to iPhone 11 Pro, iPhone 11 Pro Max, which are selling at VND23.4 million and VND26 million, respectively. These are the lowest ever prices of the models since they first arrived in Vietnam.
The price of iPhone 7 32GB has fallen by VND1.5 million to VND7.49 million, iPhone 7 Plus 32 GB by VND1.5 million to VND9.49 million.
iPhone SE 2020 has seen the price decreasing for the first time. iPhone SE 2020 64GB is selling at VND10.99 million, which means a decrease of VND2 million.
Dealers said that retailers slashed previous-generation iPhone prices to pave the way for the iPhone 12 launch. However, they said the price adjustment campaign will last a short time, depending on inventories at shops. After the campaigns finish, the iPhone prices will not go down further.
iPhone prices are expected to increase slightly towards 2021 New Year because of the higher demand in the year-end shopping season.
Regarding the newly launched iPhone 12, some retail chains said officially imported iPhone 12 would be available in Vietnam by early December.
Meanwhile, some shops have begun quoting iPhone 12 prices and taking orders. iPhone 12 mini is quoted at VND21.49 million, while the iPhone 12 Pro Max is offered at VND30.4-38.4 million.
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