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Young physics professor: ‘triangle model’ helps develop high-quality research

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Prof Phung Van Dong, who is head of a strong research team in High Energy Physics and Cosmology at Phenikaa University, is the youngest professor recognized this year.

Young physics professor: 'triangle model' helps develop high-quality research

Prof Phung Van Dong

Dong, born in 1981, is a former student at the Hanoi University of Natural Sciences, a member of the Hanoi National University. This was a favorable environment for him to develop his love for physics and have the opportunity to do in-depth research in theoretical physics.

After graduation, Dong decided to study for a master’s degree and then a doctorate in Vietnam, while many other people went abroad.

Dong said at that time he was led by good professors with research teams at the Hanoi University of Natural Resources and the Physics Institute under the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology. He said, in the field of theoretical physics, human resources are the major factor.

Within the first year, Dong fulfilled his doctoral dissertation with five published research works, including four articles published in Physical Review D and one in Physics Letter B. He was allowed to defend his dissertation and successfully did so in October 2007. However, he had some problems at that time which could only were fixed two years later.

Young physics professor: 'triangle model' helps develop high-quality research

Dong received the doctorate in 2009, when he had 14 research works.

After that, Dong decided to go abroad for postdoc study. He conducted research at KEK (the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization) in Japan, CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland, and AS in Taiwan, and widened his research orientations.

After completing his post-doc internships, he decided to return to Vietnam.

Explaining the decision, he said when living overseas for a while, he had many achievements in his career but he had to exchange many things for these achievements. He loves the life in Vietnam and likes to meet friends, members of his old research team and family members.

“After a period of postdoc study, I realized that I had a certain maturity in my work and profession. My field is theoretical physics, which does not depend too much on experimental equipment, so I can work anywhere,” he said.

In 2016, Dong received the Ta Quang Buu Award for his ‘3-3-1-1 model for dark matter’ which marked his first step into the new field of dark matter.

He also had a research article on dark matter published in Physical Review D Rapid Communication. His research team at Phenikaa University had their work in about 10 publications each year. Their research helped put Vietnam into the list of 50 top countries by Nature Index.

After 18 years of research, Dong has had 54 scientific research works published, mostly in prestigious journals.

However, according to Dong, for researchers, the number of articles published is less important than having breakthrough research results. He knows some professors who don’t have a high number of publications after receiving Nobel prizes, and he knows some research teams with a high number of members but only publish some works each year. Their principle is to find the best results or results useful to the professional community.

“The number of publications is necessary to gradually improve the quality of research. However, if there are no breakthrough research results, it will be meaningless if there are up to 100 works,” he said. “That is the principle we are pursuing.”

In the past, when the country had many difficulties, Vietnam had good scientific research works, especially ones in basic sciences.

Later, to improve research quality, Vietnam developed research teams associated with human resources development in universities with investments from funds and private schools. Vietnam has also seen improvement in international cooperation in scientific research.

This, plus support from NAFOSTED (National Foundation for Science and Technology) over the last 10 years, has helped produce many good scientific research works, while the number of published works has increased year after year.

However, while the number of published research has increased sharply, the number of high-quality work has not risen increase proportionally, he said.

In order to solve the problem, according to Dong, it’s necessary to accelerate cooperation in research and develop human resources.

Cooperation improves the quantity and quality of scientific research as scientists can work with each other to solve big questions. Meanwhile, training provides human resources to solve questions. If predecessors cannot solve the questions, successors will continue their work.

Dong believes that in order to have developed science and technology which allows Vietnam to walk abreast developed countries in the near future, Vietnam needs to apply the “triangle” model. The wider and stronger the side of the triangle, the higher the peak will be pushed. So, Vietnam needs to have strong human resources, use young and capable scientists, encourage the participation of the private sector, and invite international scientists to Vietnam to work. 

Thuy Nga

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/young-physics-professor-triangle-model-helps-develop-high-quality-research-825530.html

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Typhoon Noru weakens after wreaking havoc in central Vietnam

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Typhoon Noru weakened on Wednesday morning after making landfall and wreaking havoc in central Vietnam, while heavy downpours are still in the forecast over the next few days.

The typhoon made landfall between Da Nang City and Quang Nam Province at around 3:30 am on Wednesday, unleashing winds of 103-133km per hour, according to the National Center for Hydro-meteorological Forecasting.

At 7:00 am the same day, the wind speed decreased to between 62 and 74km an hour.

A restaurant is damaged in Da Nang City, Vietnam following the landfall of Typhoon Noru, September 28, 2022. Photo: Le Trung / Tien Phong

A restaurant is damaged in Da Nang City, Vietnam following the landfall of Typhoon Noru, September 28, 2022. Photo: Le Trung / Tien Phong

The storm is expected to travel west in the next 12 hours and be downgraded to a tropical depression and later a low-pressure area.

Due to the influence of the storm, provinces in central Vietnam and the northern part of the Central Highlands recorded massive rainfall of about 200-300 millimeters on Tuesday night.

More downpours are forecast for these localities on Wednesday and Thursday, posing a high risk of flash floods and landslides in mountainous areas as well as serious flooding in low-lying locations.

People fix power lines in central Vietnam following the landfall of Typhoon Noru, September 28, 2022. Photo: Doan Cuong / Tien Phong

People fix power lines in central Vietnam following the landfall of Typhoon Noru, September 28, 2022. Photo: Doan Cuong / Tien Phong

On Wednesday morning, scores of uprooted trees were recorded in Da Nang, according to the observations of Tien Phong (Youth) newspaper reporters.

Many roofs of houses were also seen lying on the streets.

Some residents began cleaning up areas around their homes even though the city was still affected by strong winds.

Officers remove an uprooted tree from a street in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: B.D. / Tien Phong

Officers remove an uprooted tree from a street in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: B.D. / Tien Phong

In Quang Nam, residents also reported uprooted trees and blown-away roofs following the landfall of Noru.

Multiple houses were submerged as serious floods hit the province’s Phu Ninh and Tay Giang Districts.

In north-central Quang Tri Province, nearly 1,400 people in Vinh O Commune were isolated after a bridge was swept away by floodwaters.

Officers remove an uprooted tree from a street in Da Nang City, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Doan Cuong / Tien Phong

Officers remove an uprooted tree from a street in Da Nang City, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Doan Cuong / Tien Phong

Authorities in north-central Thua Thien-Hue Province reported that more than 70 houses had their roofs blown away and eight others collapsed during the storm.

Noru and its circulation affected the power supply to about 1.2 million households in the central and Central Highlands regions, according to Vietnam Electricity (EVN).

Fishermen check their boats following the landfall of Typhoon Noru, September 28, 2022. Photo: Truong Trung / Tien Phong

Fishermen check their boats following the landfall of Typhoon Noru, September 28, 2022. Photo: Truong Trung / Tien Phong

A utility pole is broken due to strong gusts in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: B.D. / Tien Phong

A utility pole is broken due to strong gusts in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: B.D. / Tien Phong

A neighborhood is flooded in Phu Ninh District, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Le Trung / Tien Phong

A neighborhood is flooded in Phu Ninh District, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Le Trung / Tien Phong

A neighborhood is flooded in Phu Ninh District, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Le Trung / Tien Phong

A neighborhood is flooded in Phu Ninh District, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Le Trung / Tien Phong

A house is submerged in Tay Giang District, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: P.L. / Tien Phong

A house is submerged in Tay Giang District, Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: P.L. / Tien Phong

A house has its roof blown away in Thua Thien-Hue Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Van Linh / Tien Phong

A house has its roof blown away in Thua Thien-Hue Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Van Linh / Tien Phong

A house has its roof blown away in Thua Thien-Hue Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Van Linh / Tien Phong

A house has its roof blown away in Thua Thien-Hue Province, Vietnam, September 28, 2022. Photo: Van Linh / Tien Phong

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20220928/typhoon-noru-weakens-after-wreaking-havoc-in-central-vietnam/69294.html

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Concurrence of rain, high tide causes misery on Ho Chi Minh City streets

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A rainstorm triggered by the circulation of Typhoon Noru coincided with high tide peaking on the Saigon River on Tuesday afternoon, submerging roads and stalling vehicles in Ho Chi Minh City.

The water level in canals across Ho Chi Minh City began to rise and flow into the streets at around 5:00 pm.

As a result, several streets in low-lying District 7 such as Tran Xuan Soan and Huynh Tan Phat were dozens of centimeters below water, impeding traffic.

An alley down Huynh Tan Phat Street is submerged under floodwaters in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, September 27, 2022. Photo: Tien Phong

An alley down Huynh Tan Phat Street is submerged under floodwaters in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, September 27, 2022. Photo: Tien Phong

Many commuters tried to wade through the inundated routes, while several others ended up with broken-down vehicles.

Local vendors also struggled as floodwaters submerged their stalls.

A woman displays her food stall on a flooded alley down Huynh Tan Phat Street in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, September 27, 2022. Photo: Tien Phong

A woman displays her food stall on a flooded alley down Huynh Tan Phat Street in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, September 27, 2022. Photo: Tien Phong

“This road has been flooded every tidal season for more than ten years,” said Le Thi Ly, a 56-year-old resident of Huynh Tan Phat Street.

“Every time floodwaters flow into our houses, we have no choice but to move furniture to higher positions to avoid damage. 

Floodwaters inundate a residence in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, September 27, 2022. Photo: Tien Phong

Floodwaters inundate a residence in District 7, Ho Chi Minh City, September 27, 2022. Photo: Tien Phong

“I hope the local tidal sluice project will soon be operating so that we will be less miserable every high tide season.”

Ly, like many other local residents, had to use boards to keep water out of her house.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20220928/concurrence-of-rain-high-tide-causes-misery-on-ho-chi-minh-city-streets/69293.html

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Vietnamese deputy foreign minister expelled from Party

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Vietnamese Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs To Anh Dung was expelled from the Party following his arrest over the allegations of receiving bribes during the organization of repatriation flights during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong chaired a meeting of the Party Central Committee’s Secretariat on Tuesday to consider the disciplinary actions against Deputy Minister Dung and Nguyen Quang Linh, assistant to the permanent deputy prime minister.

The Secretariat stated that Dung lacked responsibility and violated the Party’s regulations and state’s laws in directing and organizing repatriation flights for Vietnamese citizens abroad during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The deputy minister was also investigated and arrested on suspicion of bribery.

Meanwhile, Linh took advantage of his position, compromised working principles, and violated the Party’s regulations and the state’s laws during the selection of enterprises to organize repatriation flights during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Linh was apprehended later the same day on suspicion of receiving bribes during the organization of repatriation flights.

Nguyen Quang Linh, assistant of the permanent deputy prime minister, in this photo provided by officers

Nguyen Quang Linh, assistant to the permanent deputy prime minister, is seen in this photo provided by officers

The violations of Dung and Linh resulted in serious consequences and adversely affected the reputation of the Party organization.

The Secretariat thus decided to expel both Dung and Linh from the Party.

The arrests of Dung and Linh were part of a wider investigation where officials were accused of taking bribes from Vietnamese citizens abroad who wanted to return to the country when commercial flights were not available during the coronavirus pandemic.

Since the Ministry of Public Security launched an investigation into the case in late January, a score have been prosecuted and detained, including many officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Transport, and former leaders and officials of the Immigration Department.

During a press meeting in June, investigators stated that the bribes were worth tens of billions of dong. (VND10 billion = US$421,100). 

Vietnam organized nearly 2,000 repatriation flights during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the spokesperson of the Ministry of Public Security.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20220928/vietnamese-deputy-foreign-minister-expelled-from-party/69291.html

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