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Young physics professor: ‘triangle model’ helps develop high-quality research

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Prof Phung Van Dong, who is head of a strong research team in High Energy Physics and Cosmology at Phenikaa University, is the youngest professor recognized this year.

Young physics professor: 'triangle model' helps develop high-quality research

Prof Phung Van Dong

Dong, born in 1981, is a former student at the Hanoi University of Natural Sciences, a member of the Hanoi National University. This was a favorable environment for him to develop his love for physics and have the opportunity to do in-depth research in theoretical physics.

After graduation, Dong decided to study for a master’s degree and then a doctorate in Vietnam, while many other people went abroad.

Dong said at that time he was led by good professors with research teams at the Hanoi University of Natural Resources and the Physics Institute under the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology. He said, in the field of theoretical physics, human resources are the major factor.

Within the first year, Dong fulfilled his doctoral dissertation with five published research works, including four articles published in Physical Review D and one in Physics Letter B. He was allowed to defend his dissertation and successfully did so in October 2007. However, he had some problems at that time which could only were fixed two years later.

Young physics professor: 'triangle model' helps develop high-quality research

Dong received the doctorate in 2009, when he had 14 research works.

After that, Dong decided to go abroad for postdoc study. He conducted research at KEK (the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization) in Japan, CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland, and AS in Taiwan, and widened his research orientations.

After completing his post-doc internships, he decided to return to Vietnam.

Explaining the decision, he said when living overseas for a while, he had many achievements in his career but he had to exchange many things for these achievements. He loves the life in Vietnam and likes to meet friends, members of his old research team and family members.

“After a period of postdoc study, I realized that I had a certain maturity in my work and profession. My field is theoretical physics, which does not depend too much on experimental equipment, so I can work anywhere,” he said.

In 2016, Dong received the Ta Quang Buu Award for his ‘3-3-1-1 model for dark matter’ which marked his first step into the new field of dark matter.

He also had a research article on dark matter published in Physical Review D Rapid Communication. His research team at Phenikaa University had their work in about 10 publications each year. Their research helped put Vietnam into the list of 50 top countries by Nature Index.

After 18 years of research, Dong has had 54 scientific research works published, mostly in prestigious journals.

However, according to Dong, for researchers, the number of articles published is less important than having breakthrough research results. He knows some professors who don’t have a high number of publications after receiving Nobel prizes, and he knows some research teams with a high number of members but only publish some works each year. Their principle is to find the best results or results useful to the professional community.

“The number of publications is necessary to gradually improve the quality of research. However, if there are no breakthrough research results, it will be meaningless if there are up to 100 works,” he said. “That is the principle we are pursuing.”

In the past, when the country had many difficulties, Vietnam had good scientific research works, especially ones in basic sciences.

Later, to improve research quality, Vietnam developed research teams associated with human resources development in universities with investments from funds and private schools. Vietnam has also seen improvement in international cooperation in scientific research.

This, plus support from NAFOSTED (National Foundation for Science and Technology) over the last 10 years, has helped produce many good scientific research works, while the number of published works has increased year after year.

However, while the number of published research has increased sharply, the number of high-quality work has not risen increase proportionally, he said.

In order to solve the problem, according to Dong, it’s necessary to accelerate cooperation in research and develop human resources.

Cooperation improves the quantity and quality of scientific research as scientists can work with each other to solve big questions. Meanwhile, training provides human resources to solve questions. If predecessors cannot solve the questions, successors will continue their work.

Dong believes that in order to have developed science and technology which allows Vietnam to walk abreast developed countries in the near future, Vietnam needs to apply the “triangle” model. The wider and stronger the side of the triangle, the higher the peak will be pushed. So, Vietnam needs to have strong human resources, use young and capable scientists, encourage the participation of the private sector, and invite international scientists to Vietnam to work. 

Thuy Nga

Source: https://vietnamnet.vn/en/feature/young-physics-professor-triangle-model-helps-develop-high-quality-research-825530.html

Society

Breakfast @ Tien Phong News – January 29

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Read what is in the news today:

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— Cold weather is to remain in Vietnam’s northern region on Sunday, with the temperature dropping to nine degrees Celsius in Hanoi and two degrees Celsius in mountainous areas, according to the National Center for Hydro-meteorological Forecasting. 

— Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh checked nearly 500 kilometers of sections of the big-ticket North-South Expressway project in the north-central provinces of Ninh Binh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, and Ha Tinh on Saturday.

— A coach carrying 18 passengers flipped over and rolled over several times in Son La Province, northern Vietnam on Saturday, killing three people, seriously injuring four others, and slightly injuring the remainder.

— A collision between a passenger train and a trailer truck occurred in Hanoi on Saturday, injuring a railway guard, damaging the locomotive and the trailer truck, and causing congestion on the railway for 2.5 hours.

— Firefighters in Da Nang City, central Vietnam on Friday evening put out a fire breaking out on a fishing boat anchored at Tho Quang fishing port in Son Tra District, preventing the blaze from spreading to other fishing boats. At the time, some 60 fishing boats docked there.

— Police in northern Yen Bai Province are investigating the death of a ninth grader who was hospitalized after fainting away while drinking alcohol with friends, local authorities said on Saturday.

— A male security guard at the Yen Tu national relic in Quang Ninh Province, northern Vietnam has been suspended for jumping onto the hood of a tourist’s car. Earlier, the car owner had failed to follow the security guard’s instruction to move to a parking lot.

Lifestyle

— The traditional Tich dien (ploughing) festival was held in Ha Nam Province, northern Vietnam on Saturday, or the seventh day of this lunar year, to pray for ideal weather and a bumper crop this year.

Sports

— Vietnamese star midfielder Nguyen Quang Hai played in a game for his Ligue 2 outfit Pau FC for the first time in three months on Saturday morning (Vietnam time) as a sub against FC Annecy.

World news

— Colombia seized 671 tonnes of cocaine in 2022, more than any other year on record, Reuters cited the report by the South American country’s defense ministry on Saturday.

— “New Zealand’s deadly flood emergency continued on Sunday after heavy rainfall hit the country’s north island, causing landslides, flash floods and knocking out roads,” Reuters reported.

— “Tens of thousands of public school teachers and other staff marched in Lisbon on Saturday to demand higher wages and better working conditions, putting further pressure on the Portuguese government as it grapples with a cost of living crisis,” Reuters reported.

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Read what is in the news today:

Society

— Cold weather is to remain in Vietnam’s northern region on Sunday, with the temperature dropping to nine degrees Celsius in Hanoi and two degrees Celsius in mountainous areas, according to the National Center for Hydro-meteorological Forecasting. 

— Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh checked nearly 500 kilometers of sections of the big-ticket North-South Expressway project in the north-central provinces of Ninh Binh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, and Ha Tinh on Saturday.

— A coach carrying 18 passengers flipped over and rolled over several times in Son La Province, northern Vietnam on Saturday, killing three people, seriously injuring four others, and slightly injuring the remainder.

— A collision between a passenger train and a trailer truck occurred in Hanoi on Saturday, injuring a railway guard, damaging the locomotive and the trailer truck, and causing congestion on the railway for 2.5 hours.

— Firefighters in Da Nang City, central Vietnam on Friday evening put out a fire breaking out on a fishing boat anchored at Tho Quang fishing port in Son Tra District, preventing the blaze from spreading to other fishing boats. At the time, some 60 fishing boats docked there.

— Police in northern Yen Bai Province are investigating the death of a ninth grader who was hospitalized after fainting away while drinking alcohol with friends, local authorities said on Saturday.

— A male security guard at the Yen Tu national relic in Quang Ninh Province, northern Vietnam has been suspended for jumping onto the hood of a tourist’s car. Earlier, the car owner had failed to follow the security guard’s instruction to move to a parking lot.

Lifestyle

— The traditional Tich dien (ploughing) festival was held in Ha Nam Province, northern Vietnam on Saturday, or the seventh day of this lunar year, to pray for ideal weather and a bumper crop this year.

Sports

— Vietnamese star midfielder Nguyen Quang Hai played in a game for his Ligue 2 outfit Pau FC for the first time in three months on Saturday morning (Vietnam time) as a sub against FC Annecy.

World news

— Colombia seized 671 tonnes of cocaine in 2022, more than any other year on record, Reuters cited the report by the South American country’s defense ministry on Saturday.

— “New Zealand’s deadly flood emergency continued on Sunday after heavy rainfall hit the country’s north island, causing landslides, flash floods and knocking out roads,” Reuters reported.

— “Tens of thousands of public school teachers and other staff marched in Lisbon on Saturday to demand higher wages and better working conditions, putting further pressure on the Portuguese government as it grapples with a cost of living crisis,” Reuters reported.

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20230129/breakfast-tuoi-tre-news-january-29/71170.html

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Merit money at Vietnam religious facilities not subject to state management: new fiat

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Merit money donated to religious establishments, whether they are located in classified or listed relic sites, is not subject to state management but it is under control by those facilities themselves, according to a new rule included in a circular recently issued by Vietnam’s Ministry of Finance.

The circular, which ‘guides the management of financial revenue and expenditure for festival organization and merit money, funding for monuments and festival activities,’ was promulgated on January 19, 2023 after its draft version was released to the public for feedback in 2021. 

Under the new rule, which will take effect on March 19 this year, representatives of belief and religious establishments will be responsible for the management and use of merit money voluntarily donated to them by individuals and organizations during their visits to such places of worship.

This regulation, which is in contrary to the previous one in the draft version, is applied to every religious and belief facility, whether they are located in relic areas under state management or those belonging to private ownership.

If a belief or religious establishment is located within a relic site that is put under the management of a public non-business unit, then such a facility is required to pay that unit a part of the cost related to its repair, maintenance, renovation, upgrade or new constructions, if any, in addition to expenses for the maintenance of security and order, environmental sanitation, and others.

In the event that the relic area belongs to private ownership, then the owner of the relic will be entitled to manage and use merit money collected from relevant belief or religious facilities.

In April 2021, the ministry introduced the draft version of the circular including a rule putting merit money at belief and religious facilities under state management.

A woman is shown putting merit money into a box at Quan Su Pagoda in Hanoi, Vietnam. Photo: Thien Dieu/ Tien Phong

A woman is shown putting merit money into a box at Quan Su Pagoda in Hanoi, Vietnam. Photo: Thien Dieu/ Tien Phong

After the draft document was released for public comment and feedback, the suggested rule encountered strong opposition from the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha (VBS) and some local churches such as the VBS in Quang Ninh Province.

These religious organizations sent documents to the finance ministry and other ministries and agencies requesting that the state not manage merit money at any religious establishment.

In its written proposal dated June 17, 2021, the VBS commented that such a rule secularized the sacredness of merit money offered by individuals and organizations to belief and religious establishments.

The proposal was sent to the Government Committee for Religion, the Central Committee for Mass Mobilization, the Central Committee of Vietnam Fatherland Front, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Justice, and the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism.

The VBS said in its document that the term ‘merit money’ was not defined or explained in the draft circular as well as in any other legal documents of the state.

It commented that putting merit money under state management would not ensure the private ownership of the VBS and Buddhist practitioners as provided for in the Vietnamese Constitution and current legislation. 

The VBS cited provisions in the 2016 Law on Beliefs and Religions and the 2015 Civil Code as affirming that religious organizations have the right to receive and own lawful assets voluntarily offered to them by domestic and foreign organizations and individuals.

The VBS also cited Article 53 of the 2013 Constitution as stipulating that merit money is not ‘public property that is owned by all the people, and represented and uniformly managed by the state.’

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Merit money donated to religious establishments, whether they are located in classified or listed relic sites, is not subject to state management but it is under control by those facilities themselves, according to a new rule included in a circular recently issued by Vietnam’s Ministry of Finance.

The circular, which ‘guides the management of financial revenue and expenditure for festival organization and merit money, funding for monuments and festival activities,’ was promulgated on January 19, 2023 after its draft version was released to the public for feedback in 2021. 

Under the new rule, which will take effect on March 19 this year, representatives of belief and religious establishments will be responsible for the management and use of merit money voluntarily donated to them by individuals and organizations during their visits to such places of worship.

This regulation, which is in contrary to the previous one in the draft version, is applied to every religious and belief facility, whether they are located in relic areas under state management or those belonging to private ownership.

If a belief or religious establishment is located within a relic site that is put under the management of a public non-business unit, then such a facility is required to pay that unit a part of the cost related to its repair, maintenance, renovation, upgrade or new constructions, if any, in addition to expenses for the maintenance of security and order, environmental sanitation, and others.

In the event that the relic area belongs to private ownership, then the owner of the relic will be entitled to manage and use merit money collected from relevant belief or religious facilities.

In April 2021, the ministry introduced the draft version of the circular including a rule putting merit money at belief and religious facilities under state management.

A woman is shown putting merit money into a box at Quan Su Pagoda in Hanoi, Vietnam. Photo: Thien Dieu/ Tien Phong

A woman is shown putting merit money into a box at Quan Su Pagoda in Hanoi, Vietnam. Photo: Thien Dieu/ Tien Phong

After the draft document was released for public comment and feedback, the suggested rule encountered strong opposition from the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha (VBS) and some local churches such as the VBS in Quang Ninh Province.

These religious organizations sent documents to the finance ministry and other ministries and agencies requesting that the state not manage merit money at any religious establishment.

In its written proposal dated June 17, 2021, the VBS commented that such a rule secularized the sacredness of merit money offered by individuals and organizations to belief and religious establishments.

The proposal was sent to the Government Committee for Religion, the Central Committee for Mass Mobilization, the Central Committee of Vietnam Fatherland Front, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Justice, and the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism.

The VBS said in its document that the term ‘merit money’ was not defined or explained in the draft circular as well as in any other legal documents of the state.

It commented that putting merit money under state management would not ensure the private ownership of the VBS and Buddhist practitioners as provided for in the Vietnamese Constitution and current legislation. 

The VBS cited provisions in the 2016 Law on Beliefs and Religions and the 2015 Civil Code as affirming that religious organizations have the right to receive and own lawful assets voluntarily offered to them by domestic and foreign organizations and individuals.

The VBS also cited Article 53 of the 2013 Constitution as stipulating that merit money is not ‘public property that is owned by all the people, and represented and uniformly managed by the state.’

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20230128/merit-money-at-vietnam-religious-facilities-not-subject-to-state-management-new-fiat/71163.html

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My Thuan Bridge in southern Vietnam packed with returnees to Ho Chi Minh City

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The My Thuan Bridge connecting Vinh Long and Tien Giang Provinces in southern Vietnam was crowded on Saturday as residents in the Mekong Delta rushed back to Ho Chi Minh City after the Lunar New Year (Tet) holiday.

Dozens of thousands of vehicles were seen on the bridge and a 40-kilometer road section from a road leading to the Can Tho Bridge to the My Thuan Bridge.

Traffic police officers of Vinh Long Province continuously patrolled to control the situation.

However, the traffic was heavy on a three-kilometer section from the welcome gate of Vinh Long City of the namesake province to the My Thuan Bridge.

Many people stopped on the sidewalks to wait for faster traffic.

Vinh Long traffic police officers attributed the congestion to the huge volume of vehicles waiting to enter the Trung Luong-My Thuan Expressway.

A leader of the Tien Giang Traffic Police Division said a container truck broke down on the bridge, causing the gridlock.

A National Highway 80 section from Dong Thap Province to the My Thuan Bridge faced the same fate with autos and motorbikes queuing up for several kilometers.

Vehicles also filled a 10-kilometer bypass in Vinh Long City.

Traffic police officers of Vinh Long and Tien Giang have cooperated to deal with the congestion.

Below are photos of the large volume of vehicles on the My Thuan Bridge connecting Vinh Long and Tien Giang:

Residents weave in and out of the traffic to pass through the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Residents weave in and out of the traffic to pass through the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles thread their way through the traffic. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles thread their way through the traffic. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

The approach road to the My Thuan Bridge is narrow, causing a bottleneck. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

The approach road to the My Thuan Bridge is narrow, causing a bottleneck. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Autos move slowly on the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Autos move slowly on the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles form a long line of over 10 kilometers from the My Thuan Bridge to Can Tho City. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles form a long line of over 10 kilometers from the My Thuan Bridge to Can Tho City. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

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The My Thuan Bridge connecting Vinh Long and Tien Giang Provinces in southern Vietnam was crowded on Saturday as residents in the Mekong Delta rushed back to Ho Chi Minh City after the Lunar New Year (Tet) holiday.

Dozens of thousands of vehicles were seen on the bridge and a 40-kilometer road section from a road leading to the Can Tho Bridge to the My Thuan Bridge.

Traffic police officers of Vinh Long Province continuously patrolled to control the situation.

However, the traffic was heavy on a three-kilometer section from the welcome gate of Vinh Long City of the namesake province to the My Thuan Bridge.

Many people stopped on the sidewalks to wait for faster traffic.

Vinh Long traffic police officers attributed the congestion to the huge volume of vehicles waiting to enter the Trung Luong-My Thuan Expressway.

A leader of the Tien Giang Traffic Police Division said a container truck broke down on the bridge, causing the gridlock.

A National Highway 80 section from Dong Thap Province to the My Thuan Bridge faced the same fate with autos and motorbikes queuing up for several kilometers.

Vehicles also filled a 10-kilometer bypass in Vinh Long City.

Traffic police officers of Vinh Long and Tien Giang have cooperated to deal with the congestion.

Below are photos of the large volume of vehicles on the My Thuan Bridge connecting Vinh Long and Tien Giang:

Residents weave in and out of the traffic to pass through the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Residents weave in and out of the traffic to pass through the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles thread their way through the traffic. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles thread their way through the traffic. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

The approach road to the My Thuan Bridge is narrow, causing a bottleneck. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

The approach road to the My Thuan Bridge is narrow, causing a bottleneck. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Autos move slowly on the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Autos move slowly on the My Thuan Bridge. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles form a long line of over 10 kilometers from the My Thuan Bridge to Can Tho City. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

Vehicles form a long line of over 10 kilometers from the My Thuan Bridge to Can Tho City. Photo: Chi Hanh / Tien Phong

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Source: https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/society/20230128/my-thuan-bridge-in-southern-vietnam-packed-with-returnees-to-ho-chi-minh-city/71166.html

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